Psychology – Outcome 2 Within this essay I have chosen to discuss Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and the Conditioning Theories of Pavlov and Skinner. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs exist with the purpose of moulding an individual into the person they will later become. It consists of 8 needs (4 deficiency needs and 4 growth needs). The 4 Deficiency needs consist of: Physiological needs (food, drink and warmth), Safety needs (security, freedom from fear and stability), Love/Belonging needs (friendship, intimacy, trust and love), Self-Esteem needs (self-respect, peer respect and independence). The Growth needs consist of: Cognitive needs (knowledge, understanding, and meaning), Aesthetic needs (appreciation, beauty and symmetry), Self-Actualisation …show more content…
In order for an individual to achieve all 8 needs they must complete the need which has come before it. Thus, if a person’s physiological needs are not met efficiently (ie. food, drink, warmth, sleep) they will not be able to meet the needs which follow appropriately. Safety needs follow physiological needs and if these are not met to their maximum potential an individual may struggle to achieve stability or secure a job and so on. As we move up the hierarchy there are needs such as Self-esteem and Aesthetic. If these fail to be met, it may lead an individual to have low self-esteem and/or self-worth and could lead to difficulty seeing the beauty and symmetry of one’s self. (Collin, n.d., P138,139) This theory applies to my patient as they were homeless living in a hostel. They grew up in a deprived area and from a young age their physiological needs were not met. As a result, they struggled to then find a job, a home and did not keep them self in good health. Each of these also lead to their dependency on alcohol and linked to their alcohol related behaviour. The patient was verbally aggressive and had many outbursts which lead to multiple security alerts. As their cognitive needs …show more content…
These theories provide an insight into the lives and minds of many patients I see on a daily basis. They aid the skills we need in order to provide efficient and holistic care for patients. Having a knowledge of why a patient may act a certain way or feel a certain way makes it easier to empathise and develop a stronger relationship with patients. The in depth knowledge of these psychological theories strengthens the therapeutic relationship. The therapeutic relationship is a bond between nurse and patient. This relationship is essential as it ensures patients receive the best care possible. In having this relationship we have a responsibility not only to care for and respect a patient’s physical needs but also their emotional and mental needs. We must encourage their faith and ensure the relationship is based on mutual trust and respect. This relationship must have boundaries and be kept strictly professional at all times regardless of the situation. (Richard,
These are some of the basic struggles of human kind. I believe some of mankind’s basic needs are food, shelter, since of belonging. With a google search I seen that human s needs for basic life are: biological and physiological (food, water, shelter, sleep, sex), safety needs (stability, protection, order), belongingness and love
Love and belonging are an indestructible and indivisible need of all human beings. We are wired to physically, cognitively, and biologically love, be loved, and to belong. When the inherent needs of love are not met, we do not function as we were meant to. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a five tier model that places love in the middle, impending after food, water, and life, which substantially demonstrates the philosophy of human motivation (McLeod 2). However, some may defy the laws found within this pyramid for the people they love.
It is divided into five levels of needs. The most basic need is physiological needs, followed by safety & security needs, social needs, self-esteem needs as well as self-actualization needs. According to this theory, if you want to achieve a higher needs, you must firstly fulfil the lowest needs which is physiological needs. In another words, when you already fulfil a needs, you will surely seek for a higher needs. Physiological needs are the most basic needs for human being survival such as food, water, shelter and freedom from diseases.
As a result of this, Sarah requires the assistance of a carer to do these tasks for her. In Maslow’s pyramid, Sarah would be at the base of the hierarchy of needs. She has physiological needs which means she requires help for the necessities of life like food, water and clothing. Sarah obviously requires help from carers to do her daily tasks and to meet her physiological needs.
Motivational Factors Finally in this essay I will explain and compare the advantages and disadvantages that is associated with Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Herzberg’s theory Two Factor Theory. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs explains that there are a category
Most of these lower, basic needs are very apparent and unconditional. We need food and water for survival. Breathing and maintaining a stable body temperature is also needed. Maslow also said that not only eating, drinking, adequate shelter and clothing is required but sexual reproduction is also a basic physiological need. Physiological needs are those required to sustain life, such as: Air Water Food Sleep 2.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs, represented as a pyramid with the more basic needs at the bottom One of the main theories relating to motivation is Maslow's hierarchy needs. This is theory in the field of psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow an American psychologist in his 1943 paper " A theory of human motivation". This is a theory predicted on fulfilling innate human needs in priority. In this Maslow stated that most basic needs should be satisfied before the next level of needs emerge.
The next process is planning possible behavior. Plans for making better choices are at the heart of successful Reality Therapy or Reality Counseling Technique. The counselor helps the client to make a workable plan to get what he or she wants. It is and must be the client’s plan, not the counselor’s. The essence of a workable plan, in RCT, is that it is a plan that the client can implement or in other words, it concentrates on the things that are in the client’s control to do.
This theory is proposed by Araham Harold Maslow by year 1954. There are 5 different needs in this theory which consists of: Physiological; Safety; Belongingness; Need for esteem and Self-actualization. Maslow believed that a man being motivated by the needs he wants to satisfy. So, the fundamental needs must be satisfy in order to begin motivating behavior (Adiele and Abraham, 2013). 1) Physiological Physiological needs is fundamental and most basic need for human survival.
• Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. • Taylor’s motivational theory. • Herzberg’s two factor theory. • Mayo’s theory of motivation. (mayo effect) Maslow’s hierarchy needs.
Five Levels in Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and How They Influence Us Abraham Maslow, who was an American psychologist created a hierarchy of needs. There are five levels, with the basic needs at the bottom. He explains that if the basic needs are not satisfied we cannot move up the pyramid, despite a few instances (Lilienfeld et al., 2016). The first level is physiological needs which is satisfying hunger, thirst, and fatigue. Physiological needs influence us because if we are not satisfying our hunger, we can lose weight, or be malnourished.
Saskia works for a local bakery. Christmas is approaching and as a result the bakery has brought back their special Christmas cupcake. Last year the cupcake simply contained frosting, however this year they are topped with frosting and a candy cane. The sales for the cupcakes this year have not been as high as last year. Saskia has realised that many people are not eating the candy cane, but rather throwing it in the bin and then taking a bite of the cake.
The basic needs A Theory of Human Motivation represented the idea that human action is directed toward goal attainment (Maslow, 1943). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Need represented in a hierarchical pyramid has five levels of needs (see figure 5 diagram). The lower level that considered of physiological needs, the higher level is growth needs. The lower level needs must be satisfied before higher order needs that can influence