Maslow's Cognitive Theory: Active Learning Theory

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Active learning is a set of strategies that motivates students to learn by their own with the help of Knowledgeable others. The following examples of active learning are being used in this study; discovery learning, problem-based learning, experiential learning, and inquiry-based instruction, think-pair-share, quick-writes, polling, cooperative learning, and student presentations. Another theory for which this study is also anchored is attributed to Frederick Herzberg the Motivation Theory. It is concerned with the processes that describe why and how human behavior is activated and directed. Motivated learners can learn almost everything. The Maslow’s hierarchy of needs can be adapted to explain the motivational needs of a learner. Maslow’s…show more content…
The basic concept of learning is based on this theory. The mental processes as they are being influenced by either intrinsic and/or extrinsic factors, which eventually results in learning acquisition of an individual. Knowledge systems of cognitive structures are actively constructed by learners based on pre-existing cognitive structures. The teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment that promotes discovery and assimilation/accommodation. The cognitive processes are: observing, categorizing, and forming generalizations about our environment. There are three basic components to Piaget's cognitive theory: 1)schemas (building blocks of knowledge), 2) adaptation processes that enable the transition from one stage to another (equilibrium, assimilation and accommodation), 3)Stages of Development: (sensorimotor, preoperational, Concrete Operational, Formal…show more content…
This research used the learning style questionnaire to identify the learning style preference/s of the respondents. According to this theory, all people are capable to understand our environment through language, spatial representation, mathematical analysis, musical thinking, Kinesthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal. It implies that students have different strength of intelligences to carry out different tasks. The three most valuable senses in learning are vision, hearing, and touch. Meanwhile, constructivism helped the researcher in conceptualizing this study. It serves as a theoretical organizer for many science educators who are trying to understand cognition in science (Lunetta, 1998) learners construct their ideas and understanding on the basis of series of personal experiences. Under this theory, educators focus on making connections between facts and fostering new understanding in students. Teachers also promote open-ended questions and extensive dialogue among students. Kurt Lewin theorized a three-stage model of change that is known as the unfreezing-change-refreeze model that requires prior learning to be rejected and replaced. This can be associated with the pretest-teaching-learning process-posttest in this
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