Maslow's Theory Of Stress Management

2059 Words9 Pages
Contents
• Introduction of motivation.
• 3 types of motivational theory.
• Similarities of motivational theories.
• Introduction of stress management.
• Stress management strategies.
• Introduction of personality.
• Biological factors of personality.
• Other determinants of personality.
• Problem of the case.
• Actions for coordination.
• Training for teamwork.
• Introduction of leadership.
• Leader’s information.
• Questions and answers.

A1. Motivation is the word derived from the word ’motive’ which means needs, desires, wants or drives within the individuals. It is the process of stimulating people to actions to accomplish the goals. In the work goal context the psychological factors stimulating the people’s behaviour can be. Motivation
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In Maslow’s theory, it is through a Hierarchy of Needs. In Herzberg 's theory it is through a 2 way paradigm in which two specific needs must be met and they are hygiene (basic physical and psychological needs) and motivation. Maslow’s theory is concerned about different levels of needs which affect the motivation levels of the employees; Herzberg’s two factor theory is concerned about the relationship between the employee satisfaction and motivation levels. Both these theories are concerned about the ways of increasing the motivation levels of employees. Maslow’s theory is the most popular and widely cited theory of motivation and has wide applicability. It is mostly applicable to poor and developing countries where money is still a big motivating factor. Herzberg’s theory is an extension of Maslow’s theory of motivation. Its applicability is narrow. It is applicable to rich and developed countries where money is less important motivating factor. Maslow’s theory is descriptive in nature and Herzberg’s theory is prescriptive in nature.
A2. Stress management refers to the wide spectrum of techniques and psychotherapies aimed at controlling a person’s levels of stress, especially chronic stress, usually for the purpose of improving everyday functioning. Stress management consists of making changes to your life if you are in a constant stressful situation,
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The term ‘personality’ is derived from the Latin word ‘persona’ which means a mask. According to Robert E Park and Earnest W. Burges, personality is the sum and organization of those traits which determine the role of the individual in the group. Personality is a set of individual differences that are affected by the development of an individual: values, attitudes, personal memories, social relationships, habits, and skills. Different personality theorists present their own definitions of the word based on their theoretical positions.
Biological factors of personality.
The first biological factor is Hereditary. It is the transmission of the qualities from the ancestor to descend through a mechanism primarily lying in the chromosomes of the ‘germ cell’ hereditary predispose a certain mental, physical and emotional state. The second biological factor is brain which is supposed to play a role in personality. The structure of brain determines personality, through no conclusive proof is available so far about the role of brain in personality formation. Third biological factor is physical features, determining personality formation is physical is physical characteristics and rate of maturation. An individual external appearance, which is biologically determined, is an important ingredient of personality. The last biological factor is biofeedback, physiologist and psychologist felt that certain biological functions such as brainwave patterns and functions in blood pressure
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