Stillbirth and abortion are important functional traits in dairy cattle breeding, from both economic and animal welfare points of view. Stillbirth is realized as doom of a calf that occurs merely prior to, during, or within 24 to 48 h of parturition (Philipsson et al., 1979). Factors influencing stillbirths are diversified. Furthermore, genetic, environmental, and management factors have varying degrees of effectuation on stillbirths. Often it is difficult to determine what causes a calf to be stillborn, however one or more factors (e.g., parity, sex of calf, gestation length) may contribute to a complex collection of events when the final outcome is a stillborn calf.
The infection is caused by gram-negative bacteria that usually produce urinary tract infections (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Proteus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus faecalis.) The bacteria reach the urinary tract through the bloodstream and lymph system, or may be sexually transmitted (Neisseria
Overall, researchers have found similar effects to other places it comes in contact with, some being fever, nausea, and fatigue. When it comes in contact with our bloodstream it can cause symptoms; such as, chills, confusion, and hallucination. This bacteria may cause pneumonia if it gets severe, which includes symptoms as difficulty breathing and cough with bloody mucus. Having a urinary tract can be painful, and leads to an urge to urinate frequently and bloody urine. Ear infection causes hearing loss and disorientation.
Definition of Liver Cirrhosis Cirrhosis is a complication of many liver diseases characterized by abnormal structure and function of the liver. The diseases that lead to cirrhosis do so because they injure and kill liver cells, after which the inflammation and repair that is associated with the dying liver cells causes scar tissue to form. The liver cells that do not die multiply in an attempt to replace the cells that have died. This results in clusters of newly-formed liver cells within the scar tissue. There are many causes of cirrhosis including chemicals (such as alcohol, fat, and certain medications), viruses toxic metals (such as iron and copper that accumulate in the liver as a result of genetic diseases).
The bacteria are most often found in soil, dust and manure and especially things like rusty metal, the bacteria can enter the body by openings in the body like cuts or small scrapes, although this is very rare, people can get tetanus in their body from bug bites, dental infections etc. There is a higher risk of infection for women if an infectious or contaminated tool is used during childbirth or abortion. There are a number of things that could cause a newborn baby to be infected, one example would be if the knife, razor or other tools that are used to cut the newborn baby’s umbilical cord is dirty this, this could give the baby the infection because as you know, tetanus is most commonly spread from people being cut with rusty or dirty metals. Another example would be if the hands of the person delivering the baby are not clean, this is why doctors, nurses, hospitals and their tools are always very clean, what we call
Sputum contains a lot of bacteria, viruses, fungi and other pathogens. Respiratory infectious diseases, like influenza, tuberculosis, bronchitis, pneumonia, measles, pertussis, diphtheria and other pathogens, are spread through the sputum, very dangerous. Spitting there are many hazards, not only can cause health problems, in infectious disease multiple times, phlegm is a highly damaging route of transmission, inadvertently freely spit sputum are likely to have increased 10 people infected with the virus. First of all, spitting could lead to spread bacteria, into the air will harm to people. In our usual life, no spitting everywhere slogan, the reason is spitting is an extremely uncivilized unsanitary, spitting will make sputum bacteria spread easily, especially in public places, crowded place will make the spread of the virus.
Gastroenteritis:. Infection of the stomach or intestine is called gastroenteritis. Even though viruses cause gastrointestinal infection but bacteria also cause such infections by infecting the lining of the intestine or the stomach. stomach is infectad by large number of pathogenic microorganism and this infection is usually extends to the nearest structures which are the esophagus proximally and duodenum distally. Stomach infections is caused by two gerneral situations which are gastritis and gastroenteritis.
Tetanus Muscular System Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a serious bacterial infection called Clostridium tetani, that causes serious painful muscle spasms and can lead to death. Clostridium tetani spores are able to for long periods outside of the body. These spores found mainly in animal feces and contaminated soil, but they can survive anywhere. The bacteria enters the body through puncture wounds. Tetanus can enter the body by; animal bites, skin burns, body piercing and tattoos done with unsterile tools, injection of drugs with contaminated needles, abrasion and laceration, and even circumcision.
QUESTION 4A EXPLAIN HOW DIFFERENT PROFESIONALS ARE EXPOSED TO BIOHAZARDS Biohazards present many professionals with complex health challenges. Most of these biohazards result from workplace exposure to organisms, or substances produced by organisms, that threaten human health. . Biological hazards are common in work places where workers come in contact with a broad range of diseases; work place like health care facilities, animal farms, game rangers and veterinarians are at greater risk for infections originating from the biohazards. Workers in these places are exposed to pathogens which may be spread by direct contact like droplet, airborne, faecal oral or blood borne transmission.
This bacteria can be life threaten when it infects the fascia, or connective tissue that surrounds muscles, blood vessels and nerve. Streptococcus pyogenes destroy red platelets, white platelets that is the body defense system, and other body cells. With the immune system compromised Streptococcus pyogenes is capable of causing many different diseases. These diseases range from mild, like strep throat and impetigo, to severe, like necrotizing fasciitis, and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. The bacteria typically enters the body through an open of the skin causing infection just below the skin that spreads to deeper
Be sure to rehydrate with not only water, but salts and minerals to. 4. Bloody Stool Bloody stools are a disconcerting symptom of Crohn’s disease. As the inflammation of the bowels cause ulcers, blood may mix with the stool. If the blood comes from high in the digestive process, the stool may appear black in color.
There was a high probability the bacterial infection could have been necrotizing fasciitis due to the overlapping signs and symptoms of both infections. Both of these bacterial infections can be caused by a Gram-positive bacteria called Clostridium perfringens and the portal of entry for this endospore is through breaks in the skin that will infect the tissue. Necrotizing fasciitis causes intense pain and swelling at the site of infection. Discoloration of the skin along with hot to the tough, fever, nausea, malaise and other flulike symptoms. Patients normally have extremely low blood pressure which results in confusion.
Clostridia difficule (C. diff) is a problematic microbe because its has two key virulence factors, toxin A and toxin B. Toxin A is an enterotoxin, which can cause copious water, potassium, and bicarbonate losses. On the other hand, toxin B is a cytotoxin, which can cause damage to the cells. These toxins can be both asymptomatic or cause pseudomembranous colitis in an individual. C. diff is also an anaerobe gram-positive bacterium, which means that it can thrive in environments without oxygen. This is a dangerous factor for humans and animals.
A Urinalysis can also be used to see if you are effected by the disease. So what exactly is rhabdomyolysis? It is an imbalance in the muscle that happens when the muscle tissue of an affected area breaks down quickly, which can release its toxins into your blood stream. This can be caused by a hard hit to a muscle, causing muscle injury, as well as from the use of certain narcotics and even severe dehydration (Cervellin 2010). As learned in the course muscles are composed of sarcolemma which is the membrane that is composed of many Na+, K+ and Na+, CA+ channels that when a muscle is injured , stop functioning