Socio-cultural Environments and Marketing Implications Keegan and Green (2015, p.126) define culture as “ways of living, built up by a group of human beings, that are transmitted from one generation to another”. From that definition, we can name some characteristics of culture. Firstly, it can be learned by individuals, organizations and society at large. We are not born mastering our own culture but we are raised in a cultural environment to be a part of it. We can also learn and adapt to other cultures if we are willing to.
Thus, art is a form of expression of ideas and feelings which can connect individuals to their past, reflects the present and anticipate the future. In heptagrama.com (2015), art is a personal and cultural phenomenon that motivates people to express and voice their ideas in different ways. Some people do it through communicating and expressing; motivations are also considered as art itself. There are different kinds of arts to perform and one of those is body art. Body art is one form of art which is considered as the modification of human body in order to transform or enhance its attraction and appeals that will make people look trendy, hip and fashionable.
What is material culture? Material culture is a physical item, resource, or space that defines one's culture. According to Mihali Csikszentmihalyi and Eugene Rochberg-Halton, material culture “express[es] the qualities of the self” and “serve[s] as a sign of status or symbols of social integration.” CITE Material culture demonstrates the lives of people from the past, giving us an idea of how they lived and what they experienced. Material culture is a symbol of social integration, gathering their people together as they create products for them to use. These physical artifacts have so much more meaning than a photograph or painting of what an item looked like in the past.
DISCUSS CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND GENDER DEVELOPMENT 1.0 INTRODUCTION Culture is is defined as the social behavior and norms found in human societies. Culture is considered a central concept in anthropology that comprises of the range or phenomena that are transmitted through social learning in human societies. (L, 2002) In culture there characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of a community comprising of language, religion and social activities Defining culture as shared patterns of behaviours and interactions cognitive constructs and understanding that are learned by socialization. It can also be seen as the growth of a group identity fostered by social patterns unique to the group. 2.0 Characteristics of Culture 1.
This essay will discuss the significance of language in formations of ethnic and national identities in modern context, as well as the reciprocal relationship between language development and identity formation. Tajfel (1979) proposed that the groups, which people belonged to, were an important source of pride and self-esteem and defined social identity as ‘part of an individual’s self-concept which derives from his knowledge of his membership in a social group’. Thus, one’s identity may entail ethnic, national, religious aspects and so on. Identity is constantly interactively constructed on a microlevel, where an individual’s identity is claimed, contested and re-constructed in interaction and in relation to the other participants (Norris 2007:657). During this process, the tool of communication and interaction is undoubtedly languages of respective groups.
Discoveries can be fresh, meaningful and extremely influential in the emotional, intellectual, physical and spiritual realms. This compels individuals to introspect, whilst formulate anew their perceptions and values towards the world, leading to an altering of individuals understandings on themselves and others. Discoveries can be influenced by one’s personal, cultural and historical context, leading to a challenging of previously formulated perspectives. Additionally, the experience of a discovery, whether it be positive or negative, can be intensely meaningful and paramount for an individual. Furthermore, discoveries can be triggered by the uncovering of fresh and unique information that challenges one’s predilections.
Examine the difference between material and non-material culture in your world. As we have read in chapter 3 “culture consists of thoughts and tangible things” (Little 2014). These constitute the heritage of a human group, that emotionally reinforce their sense of community with an identity of their own. In my society, culture includes customs, practices, codes, norms and rules, religion, rituals, behavioral norms and belief systems. Differences between material and non-material culture We now know that material culture refers to the objects and technology that are used to meet the needs of a group and show us the way they think.
The word wellbeing entails a multifaceted dimensions; it can’t be solely measured through the physiological lens alone, but should also be viewed through the fulfillment of non-physiological indicators, such as emotional state. In this case, culture may add a dynamic dimension to the quality of life. It becomes a medium for social interaction allowing individual to engage in dialogue and cooperation, while at the same time acting as a medium of expression, where individual has the opportunity to channel their emotions, creativity, ideas and innovation. These are essential factors that sustain human life beyond biological
Socialization. Organizational socialization is firmly tied to the concept of organizational culture. “Organizational socialization is a learning process in which newcomers are expected to acquire new knowledge and skills and be motivated to behave in accordance with an organization’s goals and objectives” (Saks and Gruman, 2014, p.264). Contrary to organizational culture, socialization has a more universally accepted definition within the literature (Lee, Oh, and Burnett, 2016; Oud, 2008; Saks and Gruman, 2011; Saks and Gruman, 2014; Taormina, 2009). While the idea of socialization is not extensively discussed in the literature on organizational culture, it is clear that there is tremendous value in paying attention to how it is executed within an organization.
It is also known as socialization function. This kind of transmission has its way of subconsciously forming a certain behavior, attitudes, cultural norms or rules of a person. It is often argued that increased and facilitated access to media use and media content enables the individual to form identity in a more informed, responsible and critically aware manner (Fornas & Xinaris, 2013). The transmission of values can fall under good or bad values. As such, it also helps to create a society with common social values.