Mathematical Disabilities In Mathematics

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What is “mathematical disabilities”? A learning disability in math which can result from obstacle in learning any one, or any combination of the basic mathematical skills.
a. The article it is stated that the term “mathematical difficulties” are preferred rather than disabilities. But there are other terms used, as listed below
i. Children with mathematical difficulties are also known as
1. Early numerical competencies (struggle with basic counting number recognition, understanding of symbol, quantity discrimination and concepts of addition and subtraction).
2. Dyscalculia: is a specific learning disability in math. Kids with dyscalculia may have difficulty understanding number-related concepts or using symbols or functions
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Working memory, cognitive development
a. This review study exposes many studies highlighting what is working memory but it really doesn’t explain the how, what or why of the working memory, had to go elsewhere to gasp a better understanding of what exactly is meant by the term “working memory”.
i. What are the components of a working memory? example of a working memory different types of memory (long term, short term and echoic memory). How do you improve working memory? The above questions are what should have been included to have a better overall better understanding of the term working memory
1. the learning difficulties faced by the children comes about because they are unable to meet the memory demands of many structured learning activities ( Gathercole & Alloway, 2008) as a consequence their memory becomes overloaded .
2. when the working memory overloads, what happens is the child will be unable to proceed with the activity, will try to guess at this point but mostly likely lead to errors or to simply give up on the task before
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Lev Vygotsky- educators know that unless students are challenged by and activity engaged in the course materials, students will quickly lose attention, if the challenge is too great, students might simply give up.
i. Summarizing some of the several studies mention in the article
1. All these researches illustrate that there are incontestable relationships between conceptual understanding and practicing of math and learners’ cognitive development. Subsequently, the focus of illuminating children with mathematics difficulties is on the deficiency or lack of cognition’s working properly
2. These studies vary according to the criteria used. Many children with mathematical difficulties have a significant number with specific difficulties with mathematics.
V. Mathematical Difficulties in Educational Policy The Learning Difficulties in Mathematics can be one of the causes of failure and, at times, may lead to the isolation of students in their educational environment and even to school dropout. The teacher must know the causes and characteristics of these difficulties in order to be able to treat them properly. We must highlight, therefore, the important role played by the training with what the teacher has to deal with them, but also their involvement when giving response to attention to diversity; For this reason, it has been tried to understand the methodology used by some teachers in the teaching of Mathematics, as well as their training, concerns and expectations regarding
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