Originating in France, ‘The Necklace’ is a short story written by French writer Guy de Maupassant in the late nineteenth century, the period of time where literary movements realism and naturalism dominated French fiction. Maupassant played an important role in both the realist movement and the naturalist movement through his depiction of the setting as well as the character’s decision. The short story reflects upon the rigid patriarchal society during the late nineteenth century, demonstrating how the wealth of a person can lead to their generosity and greed; thus affecting their lifestyles. Through ‘The Necklace’, Maupassant aims to depict the conflicts between the upper-class and the lower class, how their inner desires vary. This essay will analyze ‘The Necklace’ and how Maupassant uses the social context, characters and literary devices in the short story to illustrate his misogynistic viewpoints towards women.
Originating in France, ‘The Necklace’ is a short story written by French writer Guy de Maupassant in the late nineteenth century, the period where literary movements realism and naturalism dominated French fiction. Maupassant played an important role in both the realist movement and the naturalist movement through his depiction of the setting as well as the character’s decision. The short story reflects upon the rigid patriarchal society during the late nineteenth century, demonstrating how the wealth of a person can lead to their generosity and greed; thus affecting their lifestyles. Through ‘The Necklace’, Maupassant aims to depict the conflicts between the upper-class and the lower class, how their inner desires vary. This essay will analyze ‘The Necklace’ and how Maupassant uses the social context, characters and literary devices in the short story to illustrate his misogynistic viewpoints towards women.
In the second paragraph of the story the author states that she is suffering because she doesn't have the things she wants by saying, “She suffered endlessly, feeling herself born for every delicacy and luxury. She suffered from the poorness of her house, from its mean walls, worn chairs, and ugly curtains.” (Guy de Maupassant 2) “She had no clothes, no jewels, nothing. And these were the only things she loved;” (Guy de Maupassant 2) The author included this to let the readers know what kind of “Poverty” Matilde was living in. Mathilde doesn't seem to love her husband as much.
In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, characters have very distinct identities that develop throughout the book and many inferences are needed to understand the characters. One example of this is Daisy Buchanan. Daisy Buchanan cares greatly about wealth and is a very careless person. Throughout the novel, many of her decisions are due to her greed and carelessness, even though those decisions may not be the best decisions for her. Daisy displays her greed throughout the novel; she marries Tom Buchanan because of his wealth.
Nora tends to be money hungry and always wants to spend money, so if she wants to get money or get Torvald agree with her, she will refer to herself with the dehumanizing and belittling nicknames that Torvald gives her like “squirrel”, “lark, or “Little Nora”. This shows that despite the fact that Nora does try and pretend to be the role as the perfect housewife, she pretends while she undermines her own husband. Nora, also gets Torvald to hire her friend Mrs. Linde and although Torvald hires her, he has to fire one of his employees named Krogstad. By the cause of this, it is revealed that Nora’s big secret is that she borrowed money from Krogstad and he has evidence and information that Nora forged her dad’s signature after he died to get the loan. This shows that even though Nora seems to pretend to be the role of a perfect housewife to her husband, she is not a perfect
Second, he is the subject, but she is the object. Women are using their sex appeal by luring young and older men seizing their fortunes and inheritance (TM 416). The public does not approve this type of behavior and will be judged. However, her family will support her. Last, a woman who is mysteries has numerous advantages.
In Tennessee William’s A Streetcar Named Desire, there are extreme themes of sexual desire and eroticism. This is especially apparent in the characterization of Blanche DuBois, a pretentious upper class southern belle with strong erotic tendencies and an ostentatious personality. Coming from a rich life to having no money and no one to love has caused a complete shift in her personality. In A Streetcar Named Desire, Blanche DuBois’ overt sexual desires, inability to accept reality, and unwillingness to let go of the past leads to her ultimate undoing.
Good authors create interesting characters that evoke some emotion from their readers. That is the case of the protagonist, Mathilde Loisel, in Guy de Maupassant’ story “The Necklace.” Mathilde comes across as selfish and unsatisfied person and is easy to dislike. She first shows the quality of selfishness by purchasing a dress with money which her husband “ had set aside just that amount to buy a rifle” (Maupassant 222). Mathilde was so worried about buying a dress she didn’t even think about her husband.
During the Victorian era, the controversial play was written to highlight a female seeking individuality in an immoral society which stirred up more controversy than any other works. In Ibsen’s writing, “A Doll’s House”, women’s lack to having their own purposes and goals was introduced. Throughout the play, Nora Helmer eventually comes into realization that she has to conclude playing the role of a doll and instead seek out her individuality as a heroine. These occurrences are portrayed through an unstable relationship in which women’s role depends on finance, power, and love.
The Victorian era placed a woman’s value in how much money and beauty she possessed. In Charlotte Bronte’s coming of age novel, Jane Eyre, outward beauty deceives as it ironically represents a true evil in oneself. The beautiful Reed family, who resides at Gateshead, has cruel hearts as they boast about their luxuries as they deny them to their “outsider” blood. Even though Mrs. Reed promised her deceased husband that she would care for Jane as if she was one of her own children, Mrs. Reed encourages everyone in the house to never hesitate to tell Jane that she is a
Rich folks don 't try so hard.” (1.15, Stockett). The women who own these houses that the maid are cleaning are so focused on society status that they do not even realized how consumed in the “money” that they are. This quote relates to the universal definition, because it shows how blood thirsty some people are to receive the perfect and ideal life. “A bitter seed was planted inside of me.
Most women during the early middle ages were not treated properly. They were treated as housekeepers ready to serve every single one of their husband’s needs. According to society women who were not submissive to their husband where all evil. These ideas influenced many of the stories written during the early middle ages; stories such as, Beowulf, Marie de France’s Lanval, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and The Wife of Bath. In all of these stories women were given a negative image because of the standards set for women by society.
Pride brings fulfilment to people's lives on the surface, but below the surface it only brings destruction. In the short story, “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant, the author present this idea through his excessively prideful character, Mathilde Loisel. Mathilde Loisel, an unsatisfied woman, takes all of her perfectly valid possessions to be proud of and throws them away resulting in years of hardship for her and her husband. Mathilde Loisel’s pride is disguised by lovely experiences and luxurious belongings only to be revealed as something of pure destruction. Pride will bring bliss only to later bring destruction.
Our world can be a very tricky place; it can deceive people in almost all of its aspects. Some examples of deception would include commercial products that do not give you satisfaction, to people lying to you for years on end. In the short story “The Necklace” Madame Loisel is deceived by the world with beauty and cosmetics. The theme of deception is widely shown in the story as deception of oneself, others, as well as the role deception played in Madame Loisel’s downfall.