Sinclair emphasizes that capitalism is detrimental to the working class, and he proposes that socialism is the solution to economic inequality and the lack of power among the working class. For example, he described “the tricks of the packers, their masters, the tyrants who ruled them… the irregular hours and the cruel speeding-up, the lowering of wages, the raising of prices! The whole machinery of society was at their oppressors’ command” (177). Sinclair depicted the factory owners in the novel as disgraceful rulers to reflect how capitalism allowed ruling class leaders to oppress workers. He also portrays the corrupt effects of capitalism on workers’ well-being, illustrating that “each day the struggle becomes fiercer, the pace more cruel; each day you have to toil a little harder and feel the iron hand of circumstance close upon you a little tighter” (298).
George Orwell’s depiction of Boxer in his novel, Animal Farm, fits precisely into Marx and Engels’ negative critique of capitalism by representing a strong symbol for the proletariat class and succumbing to the powerful demands of the capitalists. Marx and Engels look at capitalism with seriously negative opinions. They regard the system as extremely unsuitable, and are deeply concerned with getting rid of it. In a capitalist society, capitalists own and control the main resources of production - machinery, factories, mines, capital, etc. The modern working classes, or proletariats, own only their labor.
- The goals of feminism is to show the importance of women and to bring gender equity. It also reveals that historical women have been subordinate to men, which is the reason why there are still some patriarchal societies in the modern setting. - This literary piece is a great example of feminism. It shows how men and women are portrayed; how women have more in them than what meets the eye; and how genders treat and react to each other. BODY 1 (answer to question 1)
Introduction Organization today are seen as systems, that is a collection of interdependent parts. Move one part and you somehow influence all the other parts. Feminism is a sociological approach that views inequality in gender as central to all behaviour in organization, it clearly focuses on one aspect of inequality. Some radical feminist theories however, view the oppression of women as inevitable in all male dominated societies whether in capitalist, socialist or communist system (Irefin, Ifah, Bwala.2012:8). Organizational Studies and feminist theories were detached due to their distinctive areas.
“Capitalism is an economic system where private entities own the factors of production”, says Amadeo. The book explains how capitalism is awful and how it affects the characters life and setting. Upton Sinclair is constantly reminding the readers that the unfair working conditions are due to a corrupt government. The Jungle is mainly about how capitalism has failed and how businesses have corrupted. Based on the book and how capitalism is portrayed, there are many examples to support the reasons why capitalism is corrupt.
This was seen in Parsons writings where he talks about the bribing of court officials and the environment that it created. This environment led to apathy towards workers on the part of corporations. This is outlined in Gompers’ writings when he talks about the direct relationship between the working class and their employers. He shows the relationship is one-sided, meaning that the corporations had been treating their employees negatively. Nevertheless, when considering the success that the initial implementation government regulations had with balancing the relationship between employers and employees, it would have been beneficial to all if there was more widespread regulations throughout the early nineteenth
A Modern View of Feminist Criticism William Shakespeare 's "Othello” can be analyzed from a feminist perspective.This criticism focuses on relationships between genders, like the patterns of thoughts, behavior, values, enfranchisement, and power in relations between and within sexes. A feminist examination of the play enables us to judge the distinctive social esteems and status of women and proposes that the male-female power connections that become an integral factor in scenes of Othello impact its comprehension. I believe that the critical lens that provides modern society with the most compelling view of literature is Feminist Criticism because it analyzes distrust and disloyalty among relationships, women being treated as possessions
On the other hand of living among each other actively working to create a seamless community we have the conflict theory. Above all the conflict theory shapes society as a greed filled place fighting over power and money. Claerbaut defined conflict theory as The battle over power can range between social class, race, sexuality, even monumental corporations causing the society to divide into groups against each other. Opposed to conflict theory, symbolic interactionism is composed of people who are focused on individuality and personal pathways. To be a part of a symbolic interactionism society you should see no color, religion, or social class; only an individual sharing their ideas with the world through their way of communicating with
CHAPTER 3 CLASS STRUGGLE Generally class struggle means conflict between the upper class and lower class the idea of Class struggle is long-used mostly by socialists and communists, who define a class by its relationship to the means of production such as factories, land, and machinery. From this point of view, the social control of production and labour is a fight between classes, and the division of these resources basically involves conflict and causes damage. Societies are socially divided based on status, wealth, or control of social production and distribution, and in this division of class conflict arises. It is important to know Karl Marx theory on class struggle; he viewed the structure of society in relation to
324). The difference, then, is a product of cultural and ideological processes within society at large. In this sense, doing gender is a discursive activity, in which men and women enact their 'natural ' differences inwardly and in social situations, thus creating a form of social control that makes the gendered division of labor possible, and enables this hierarchical organisation to persist (Ashcraft, 2004; Frye, 1983; West and Zimmerman, 1987). Thus, in this context, structural changes that may benefit the position of women in the workplace–such as legal reforms and social reorganisations–have limited practical effects (Colgan, et al., 2007). The accepted social authority of men and a structural endorsement of masculinity in all socio-cultural spheres are perpetuated and kept in place through an appropriation of male-dominated ways of seeing.
The world of business is and always been a pragmatic domain where firms are perpetually competing and will do whatever it takes in order to get ahead. As this struggle played out over time a system has developed in which the prosperity of the business has now far outweighed the wellbeing of it’s’ employees. This imbalance of power has paved the way for businesses to employ abusive labor practices most notably sweatshop labor. Sweatshops are defined by the Encyclopedia Britannica as “A workplace in which workers are employed at low wages and under unhealthy or oppressive conditions.” When it comes to this topic two popular schools of thought have emerged, those who oppose the lack of moral standards practiced in sweatshops, and those who believe
According to Marx society was divided into two classes that were in eternal conflict in the battle for resources, or as Marx coined; “the means of production”. The first class were the bourgeoisie, which Marx described as the sole owners of the means of production as well as the media. The bourgeoisie used their power and influence to exploit the second class, which Marx called the proletariat which consisted of all the workers of the world. Marx rejected the idea that the wealthy pulled themselves from their own bootstraps, which he called “false consciousness” and in return coined the term “class consciousness”, which referred to a persons awareness of their own social status, especially in terms of class conflict. Overall, Marx concluded that social order is created maintained by domination and power.
Miller relies greatly upon allusions to past failures in the passing of the equal pay bill, the analysis of different occupations, and logos and ethos introduced by Claudia Goldin to create a comprehensive argument. Past events often shape how we respond to current issues and events, including the gender pay gap. Allusions to past movements for or against the equal pay bill and to the beliefs of government organizations, primarily opposing the bill displays that help is needed to push the cause for women. This allusion also makes use of pathos, which causes women to feel sympathy or passion towards the cause. Making connections between different parts of our lives creates for deeper and more meaningful emotions to arise because this concept initiates the use of pathos.
In the class conflict theory, the dominant ruling class oppresses the lower class but it is all determined on class not race. Therefore, this model asserts that the capitalist should encourage racism. By ignoring racism, on a whole society will encourage lower wages and racism. Omi and Winant discuss in this chapter that their problem with the class-based paradigm is that it-ignored race. It puts all people on the same playing field, which we know isn’t true.
Credit contributes by building walls around social classes, as it proceeds to weaken the working class and ensures that they also never see the light out of debt. The working class has minimal options, either they are careful on what they are spending, or they create their own chaos by being relentless with their finances. Either way, the master still has the loyalty of his slaves, and all the hard earned money in their pockets. Thus, dubbing inequality, the basis of ancient and modern society a battle that has yet to see a bright victory. As mankind unleashed its unreasonable ways to the public eye as a common and acceptable way of