Sociologist Max Weber’s statement that bureaucracy is the distinctive mark of the modern era clearly describes a bureaucratic type of structure now intrinsic in public sector organizations. This type of structure which has been termed by theorist J. Donald Kingsley (1949) as a "Representative Bureaucracy", basically speaks of public workforces that are representative of the people in terms of race, ethnicity, and gender. In other words, a Representative Bureaucracy, is more or less "an assessment and reconstruction of public sector organizations for the sole purpose of ensuring that all groups in society are equally represented" (Duada, 1990). Thus, in relation to this definition and many other similar constructs, one can clearly see why that
Theorist Max Weber states that Bureaucracy is an administrative structure with well-defined offices or functions and hierarchical relationships among the functions. He stated that traditional bureaucracies emphasize the following highly specialized units performing precisely specified job tasks, minimal direction on the part of the employees and numerous specific rules to maintain control. The people who are ranked according to authority shall define the responsibilities for those who will hold particular positions. The Culture Perspective looks at the organizations belief and practices as to how things shall be done. Organization culture is “the set of key values, beliefs, understandings, and norms shared by members of an organization …
The Federal Bureaucracy is an organization of non-elected officials of government or organization who implement the rules, laws, and functions of their institutions. Essentially, Congress and the president create laws that are vague. The bureaucracy is responsible for figuring out how to implement these vague laws in our society through regulations, forms and rules. The Bureaucracy consists of 500 departments with roughly 2.6 million employees. Although, the bureaucracy is not actually a branch of government it does have influence over the decisions of the three branches government. What is the purpose of a Bureaucracy? The main reason for a Bureaucracy is allowing efficiency in the daily functions of the government. In addition, Federal
In Goodsell’s “A Case for Bureaucracy” Goodsell makes several valid points about the argument for and against Bureaucracy. Before reading I too would have assumed bureaucracy is a waste of time and that most bureaucrats are just lazy, rude and tend to hate their job. But now I've realized that Bureaucracy does succeed. People, Americans, tend to expect bureaucrats to be able to do anything. Even when the tasks seems impossible they expect the problem to be solved immediately which ultimately sets the bureaucrats up for failure from the beginning. In chapter 4 Goodsell states, “ Facing double and sometimes treble standards, bureaucracies are, as the old saying goes, damned if they do and damned if they don’t.” This statement shows just how
It has taken almost the entire 20th century to construct robust, reliable and replicable models of bureaucratic organisation, to celebrate their merits and understand their limits. Government innovators and scholars around the world are now in the process of constructing and identifying models that address the undesirable outcomes associated with bureaucracy, while preserving and upholding its most important underlying
BUREAUCRACY AND SOCIAL WORK A bureaucracy is a type of organization or subcategory of an organization, Zastrow (2009). It is a system of administration distinguished by clear hierarchy of authority, rigid division of labor, clear defined rules and regulations, specialization and impersonal relationships. The aim of bureaucracy is to help the agency to accomplish the most rational and efficient agency operation. The social work profession fits well with the Weber classic definition of bureaucracy in which that those whose role is to control how the organization functions are in structural position that enables them to do so Breakwell & Rowett (1982).
A serious case review is actioned when a child suffers as result of neglect. Organisations will conduct reviews to ensure lessons are learned and that we learn from the case to make improvements and put measures into place to prevent a repeat occurring. Cases will be reviewed when a death incurs, a child is subject to serous sexual abuse, suicide takes place, abuse as result of inter agency placements or a life threatening injury is received to a child. Lessons from these reviews must be clearly identified and acted upon to see change. Inter agencies should improve their practices towards safeguarding children and the findings published so that lessons can be learned.
Bureaucratic coordination of activities, he argued, is the distinctive mark of the modern era. Bureaucracies are organized according to rational principles. Offices are ranked in a hierarchical order and their operations are characterized by impersonal rules. Incumbents are governed by the methodical allocation of areas of jurisdiction and delimited spheres of duty. Appointments are made according to specialized qualifications rather than ascriptive criteria.
Victoria was physically abused and as a result killed by her great aunt despite being in contact with public service professionals such as police, doctors and social workers on twelve occasions over the space of ten months. The Lord Laming report (2003) was published as in inquirery to Victoria’s death. Laming’s report highlighted that there was poor communication between services furthermore that joint multi-agency working was needed in order for cases such as Victoria’s to be prevented from being repeated. From Laming’s report derived the green paper ‘Every Child Matters’ (2003). The government saw failings in the current child protection system as highlighted from Laming’s report and created five outcomes that children had the right to and were believed to have support with.
Let the success and failures of special safeguards for children be a reason for further reforms in these safeguards. While safeguards have provided building blocks and a foundation of protection for children, there are still many ways that they can be improved. It is time to finish the start of strong child rights and protection. It is time to improve the lives of the
Appointing experienced professionals in the government sectors addresses the unique circumstances of each child in this vulnerable population. Some children get medical attention for the first time in their life after they enter to the foster care system. It
Documentation is a continuous, active process that requires a constant alertness, awareness, thoughtfulness, and engagement (Pope, 2015). Meaningful documentation describes the purpose of child protection work for clients; it provides a clear picture for the clients to understand how critical decisions have been made (Stubley, 2010). Essentially organization, decision-making, and critical thinking are core elements to record-keeping (Kane, Houston-Vega, & Nuehring, 2002). According to Pope (2015) awareness of relevant legislations, ethics codes, and other legal standards is crucial to record keeping, but legal standards should not be confused with clinical, ethical, or moral responsibilities (Pope, 2015). Knowing what to document and when to
1. Woll and Wilson differ in their understanding of the problems of the bureaucracy. Woll argues that problems have occurred within the bureaucracy because the Founding Fathers did not include any mention of it in the Constitution, excluding the established of a Post Office, while Wilson argues that large bureaucracy is a threat to the constitutional foundations of our government Woll focuses on the constitutional rootings, or lack thereof, of the bureaucracy, while Wilson focuses on the problems that have arisen throughout the evolution of the bureaucracy. Woll argues that the bureaucracy reflects the fragmentation of the United States’ political system; it is often the battleground for the three branches of government as well as for outside
Public officials and managers have therefore been considered accountable only to the extent, which they are legally required to answer for their actions. Furthermore, these authors then argue that this approach should be expanded to include issues like morality of administrative actions. An important guideline for moral behaviour in the public sector is the surveillance, which public officials have themselves as being trustees for the public good; an acceptance of this concept has the consequence that responsibility and accountability cannot be avoided (Craythorne 2003:260). This author further suggests (2003:261) that the challenge for local government is to create a new breed of practitioner, who will exhibit integrity of the highest degree and deal ruthlessly with any unethical conduct, breach of morality, and any waste of