Max Weber's Theory On Bureaucracy

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Max Weber was a German sociologist who was born in 1864. Many of Weber 's work remains essential to sociology today. He had a particular interest in the birth of strong bureaucracy, resulting in more efficient capitalism. He highlights his ideas through his book 'Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, and the dangers it imposed on charismatic leaders and the process of disenchantment. This assignment will discuss Weber 's work on the Protestant ethic, the origins of where Weber 's warning about bureaucracy emerged from. It is important to understand Weber 's theory on Protestant Ethics to understand his theory on rationalization. The emergence of rationalisation and the image of the iron cage, both were key to Weber 's warnings about…show more content…
The concept of rationality is considered one of Weber 's pivotal work in his life, he believed that it began in Western Europe where he investigated the universal capacity of men to act rationally. It can be defined in the terms of the disenchantment of the world, the rise in efficiency and predictability. With the rise of efficiency, industrial capitalism is characterized by the exact production process and the disciplined control of some human beings by others(Brubaker, 1984). Men are little cogs whose performance is mathematically measured, the men are aware that they are being measured by their work. Their aim is to become a bigger cog within society. It worried Weber that the idea of these little cogs are men who cling to their jobs, in the hope of one day becoming a bigger cog. This passion of bureaucracy is enough to drive on despair(Allen, 2004). The disciplined nature of rationalisation resulted in the disenchantment of the world. With enchantment being lost due to the strive for more capital, this again worried Weber which led to the creation of the iron cage image. Weber concluded that modern-day capitalist(beginning of the twentieth century) which had, a historical role of religious influence on capitalism up until then began to fade. "Baxter 's view the care for external goods should only lie on the shoulders of the 'saint like a light cloak, which can be thrown aside at any moment. '"(Weber, 1958, p181). This quote from Weber 's work uses…show more content…
In a more modern version of Weber 's theory of rationalisation one can consider the work of George Ritzer. Rizter wrote 'The McDonaldization of Society ' in 1996, it can be compared to a modern theory of Weber 's rationalisation. The majority of McDonald 's across the world are meant to be the same and you should receive the same hamburger in American as in Ireland (Dillon, 2010). Ritzer 's purpose is to create the same fundamental values as Weber 's theory of rationalization. McDonaldization is a process of breaking down methods of work, into smaller methods until it is functioning at the most efficient level. Ritzer breaks down his theory of McDonaldization into four key components, Efficiency, Calculability, Predictability and Control. Efficiency and predictability can be tied together, for examples the buns for hamburgers are delivered pre cut, the predictability is that the same buns will be delivered worldwide, or manufactured identically worldwide. In terms of Calculability, maintaining large amounts of success through numbers rather than quality. The fourth content controlling, has ruling over the workers actions and also the costumers. The idea in McDonalds is to eat your food quickly and leave. The use of hard chairs does not encourage customers to linger(Larney, 1996). One aspect that Ritzer does not include in the four elements but did mention was consumer working. Ritzer argues that to McDonalds allows us to do the work for them,
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