In a case study of a twelve year old boy, After an intra- oral examination indicated a wide maxillary right central incisor that also had a deep anatomic pit on the palatal surface. b. After examination reveals indication of dens invaginatus, a radiograph is performed and is conclusive for type two dens invagination. c. In the case of a ten year old boy, who made a complaint about his upper right anterior tooth not erupting, leading to conclusive findings of type three dens invagination. C. Materials a.
The anal canal and surrounding soft tissue were assessed for the morphology of the IAS, EAS and Puborectalis muscle. Endoanal Ultrasound (EAUS) describes the ASC as being divided in to 3 levels: upper, middle and lower . Therefore, we measured the thicknesses of IAS at mid sphincter level at 3, 6, 9 and 12 o’ clock positions and the thicknesses of EAS at middle and lower sphincter levels at the same positions. The thickness of Puborectalis muscle at 6, 9 and 12 o’ clock positions was also measured (upper sphincter
In cases where hypoplastic maxillary sinuses are present, lateral elevation of the uncinate process until it fuses with the medial orbital wall can impede the integrity of the orbit. Congenital or traumatic deviation of the nasal septum can result in compression of the middle meatus and subsequent obstruction of the drainage pathway. Complications of these variations arise when they obstruct the drainage pathway of the respective paranasal sinuses. Pneumatization of respective areas has been associated with reduced ventilation to the sinuses. As a result, stasis of the mucous within the sinus can result in sinopathies such as sinusitis and
Waist circumference was measured at the mid-point between the lower borders of the rib cage and the iliac crest. Semen Analysis: Standard semen analysis was performed according to the guidelines of the fifth edition of the WHO laboratory manual for examination of human semen.19 Participants were asked to deliver a semen sample (by masturbation) into a sterile plastic container after 2-7 days of sexual abstinence. The samples were left to liquefy in a 37°C incubator, and were analyzed within one hour of delivery. Standard procedures included
DISCUSSION The restoration of edentulous maxilla or mandible with dental implants entails a precise and diligent treatment plan along with good surgical skills and clinical acumen. This is essentially true with the posterior maxillary region where maxillary sinus sometimes pneumatizes and restricts convenient implant placement. This situation arises when there is severe bone loss associated with traumatic extractions, periodontal disease and sequel of unreplaced posterior maxillary teeth for a prolonged time and/or a combination of above. The increase in pneumatization of maxillary sinus is because of the higher air pressure in the pneumatized sinus cavity. The maxilla, post-extraction of the teeth tends to consists of thin cortices and spongy cancellous compartments.
Fundus assessment (done using ophthalmoscopy and fundus photos) showed CD ratio of 0.5 (H+V) OU which followed ISNT rule. The disc appeared slightly pale with healthy margins and peripapillary tissue. AV was ratio of 1:3, the macula appeared healthy and the foveal reflex was seen. Upon viewing the peripheral fundus, pigmentary mottling and bone spicule were seen in all four quadrants. Slit lamp assessment showed clear healthy lids and lashes with open puncta.
One can criticise the Hofstede research findings about the Masculinity and Femininity dimension as “the MAS scores are mainly based on men’s answers” (Hofstede G. , 1984). Hofstede analysis of culture considering the gender would give a different
In general, the mesiodistal (MD) and buccolingual (BL) measurements of teeth are used in sex determination studies. Many studies have established that amongst all the teeth, the permanent mandibular canines are found to exhibit the greatest sexual dimorphism between the sexes. Mesio-distal diameter of mandibular and maxillary canines provides evidence of sex determination due to dimorphism. Canines being the least frequently extracted teeth, being less affected by periodontal disease are hugely beneficial to the forensic investigator for the dual purpose of investigation as well as identification. (6,
It is analysed in a forensic lab where the sex can be determined by using the pelvis. Male pelvis and female pelvis differ in characteristics where female pelvis are wider and shorter whereas male pelvis is narrow and longer. This is examined by a forensic anthropologist as long as it present. In instances where it is not, they may examine other skeleton parts, for example,the skull can be used where a male skull tend to be longer and thicker than a female skull. Both genders have differences.
Gender consists of men as well as women. In various attempts to understand gender, the concept of sex roles was introduced; and sometimes men and women were treated as simple categories. The most suitable approach is to treat gender as a system of social relations (Connell). According to Raewyn Connell “[m]asculinities are the patterns of social practice associated with the position of men in any society’s set of gender relations”. Moreover, differences in bodily forms is not a firm determining factor of gender patterns; one could rather see it as a reference point in gender practices.