She was the first African American woman to sing as a part of the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. In those two years of studying with Guiseppe, a contest organized by The New York Philharmonic Society, gave her the opportunity to sing at the Lewisohn Stadium. In 1928, she performed at Carnegie Hall, which soon led to her tour all around Europe. Marian was the first African American singer to be invited to sing for Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt. In 1939, the singer came across an incident involving the Daughters of American Revolution, who denied her to use their Constitution Hall for a concert, simply because she was African American.
Mary Godfrey was born on July 3, 1913 . While her obituary states that she was born in the small southern town, Charlotte Court House, Virginia, in a personal interview, Godfrey’s states she was born in New York, but people would like to think she is from Virginia (Hollingsworth, 1998, p. 200). At some point, Godfrey’s family migrated from Charlotte Court House, Virginia to New York City. Godfrey was one of eight children of Henry B. Godfrey and Louise Read. Her older sister, Cleveland Community Activist and journalist, Stella Godfrey White Bigham was the first African American woman to sit on the Cleveland Transit System board whose work promoted interracial understanding.
It was then that she published her first book called And There We Wept. Many of her works are about race, class, sexuality and feminism. bell hooks’ life certainly affects her works in many ways. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION bell hooks was born in Kentucky in 1952 into a working class family.
Úrsula Hilaria Celia de la Caridad Cruz Alfonso also known by her stage name Celia Cruz was born on October 21, 1925 in Havana, Cuba. She was daughter to Simon Cruz and Catalina Alfonso and was the second of four children. In the 1940s, Cruz won a "La hora del té" singing contest that allowed her to start her music career. While Celia’s mother entered her in contests around Cuba, her father wanted her to become a teacher. Being a teacher was a common occupation for Cuban women at that time.
And when the 1920s came, there was a huge turn around when women who were black were for the first time recorded in studios singing the ongoing blues. Bessie first auditioned at the Okeh Records, however, they refused to do recordings with her because her voice was too rough for them (Ward, 2003). Which did not stop her from singing nor performing. After a while, in 1923, she signed a contract with the Columbia Records and moved to Philadelphia. From there on her career went only up.
She later appeared in a Broadway show called Chocolate Dandies. This was only the beginning for Josephine’s career. . Thesis statement: _Well Known French Singer___________________
Different Suns: Ownership and Dreams in A Raisin in the Sun In 1959 Lorraine Hansberry, at the age of 29, became the first African-American female playwright to have her play produced on a Broadway stage. In 1960 Lorraine Hansberry adapted her play into a screenplay, which then materialized into a 1961 film of the same name. The film was directed by Daniel Petrie and starred Sidney Poitier, Ruby Dee, Claudia McNeil, Diana Sands, Roy Glenn, and Louis Gossett, Jr— an almost entirely black cast. The title A Raisin in the Sun, comes from a line in the 1951 Langston Hughes poem “Harlem” which questions what happens to a dream deferred.
Inez Beverly Prosser was a teacher, administrator, and the first African-American woman to receive a Ph. D in Psychology. Inez was born in a time when people were looked down upon for being a woman and judged for the color of their skin. Inez was also born in the same year where 123 known lynching’s of African-Americans in the United States took place (Memory.loc.gov). The first black woman to receive a degree in psychology despite her circumstances.
Her father, Henry Durell Ball was a line man for the Bell telephone company. Unfortunately, Henry died in 1915 from typhoid fever, a mere four years after she was born (“Lucille Ball Biography”). Desiree Hunt Ball, known to her family as DeDe, moved Lucille and her brother Fred into her parent’s house. With the encouragement of her grandparents and DeDe, Lucille discovered her love of acting, and participated in many school plays. Her mother was such a great influence on her career, that DeDe’s laugh was recorded and included on every I Love Lucy soundtrack.
Some include Hiram Revels, the first African American to serve in the United States Senate, Loretta Lynch, the first African American female attorney general, and Barack Obama, the first African American President of the United States. Misty Copeland is an example of an African American who has not let a stereotype steer them from their aspirations. Misty Copeland was born on September 10, 1982, in Kansas City Missouri. At age 13, Copeland began her ballet studies. Her dance instructor embraced her ethnicity.
Maya Angelou, one of the most influential African Americans, tells her story to reveal the humanity of their times. Segregation in her time was primal. She learned how to evolve during this time without doubting her character. Raised by her grandmother who had the largest influence in her life, Angelou learned how to accept the environment she was brought up in. In “Grandmothers Victory” Maya Angelou shows innocence, recognition, and bravery to exemplify a powerful message that shows the humanity of her time.
The poems “On the Pulse of Morning” and “One Today” both illustrate the effects of cultural diversity among Americans in the 20th and early 21st centuries. Maya Angelou beautifully describes the importance of coming together despite our differences when she says, “So say the Asian, the Hispanic, the Jew The African, the Native American, the Sioux, The Catholic, the Muslim, the French, the Greek The Irish, the Rabbi, the Priest, the Sheik, The Gay, the Straight, the Preacher, The privileged, the homeless, the Teacher. They hear. They all hear The speaking of the Tree.” This describes how regardless of your race, religion, or sexuality, you have the right to freedom, peace, and security.