From the calendars we still use today, to the way we grow crops with farming, ancient civilizations such as the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas influenced and created the way we contribute our skills towards the public. These people’s expertise proves just how they improved the world. The civilizations were advanced for their time based on their early society, their accomplishments, and the remains that are still remembered, as well as viewed to this day. One of the ways that the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas were successful was through their people’s actions in a community. All of the civilizations followed a hierarchical system. In paragraph 2 of “Mayan Civilization” by Suzanne Hopkins, it states that a hierarchical system is a categorized …show more content…
For instance, farming took place in the Aztecs and Incas environment, “the Inca were farmers, growing potatoes as well as other crops, often in terraces cut into the high mountainsides.” Patel (4). They also raised sheep and used their meat for hunger and its wool for cloth. Due to the Aztecs living on a swamp, they adapted by making a floating garden called a Chinampa to help produce maise and grow other crops. Maldonado (3). It was very genius for Aztecs as well as Incas to have generated an agricultural structure. The Aztecs and the Mayas both also had numerical logic. A general math system was formed through their cleverness. The mathematical formulation was based on the unit 20. Art and Craftsmen took part as well in all the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas. “[The Aztecs] wove cotton cloth, made pottery, carved in stone and other materials, made musical instruments and elaborate costumes of feathers.” Maldonado (4) They were very talented in achieving masterpieces of art. The Incas built cities out of stone, they also wove woolen cloth impressively, they made pottery as well as the Aztecs, yet they also made exquisite jewelry. Patel (4). The Maya artists produced materials to make things with, such as “goods made of cotton, feathers, clay, wood, and precious metals and stones.” Hopkins (5). These materials and art helped encourage the fascination with these cultures and displays how the civilizations were
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While many may be aware of the Aztec civilization, their accomplishments can often be overshadowed by the time period when they were conquered by Spanish explorers, such as Hernan Cortez. However, the Aztecs were a prospering society before their downfall to the Spaniards. The Aztec’s demise is not the only characteristic to remember about one of the most commonly recognized civilizations of the fifteen hundreds. As an ancient Mesoamerican civilization displaced by powerful explorers, the Aztecs can still be seen as an organized society driven by their spirituality and traditions. The Aztecs used an organized system of chinampas and documents surveying what conquered peoples owed them, ensuring that they would be productive on a daily basis.
The Mayans were just one of several civilizations in Mesoamerica that accomplished many achievements. They had one of the greatest pre-industrial architectural cultures, started a trade network, formed a number system and were one of the first to use the number zero, and created a calendar based off what they saw. The trade network was significant as it allowed the Mayan tribes to trade for necessities, such as salt and cacao, and helped spread their culture (Doc A). The remains of the strong buildings built by the Mayans proved they were one of the “greatest preindustrial cultures of the world” in their time (Doc B). The accuracy and time measurements of their calendars were better than any other, and allowed them to predict the weather and
The Aztecs created new technology to help lower the amount of physical labor in their empire. " [Aztecs] were also busy developing a remarkable agricultural system called chinampas. Because of their strong military and agricultural success, Aztec leaders were able to rule some ten million people"(Aztec Intro Article). The Aztec people changed their way of living through their jobs in the fields. They worked everyday to maintain crops that grew "as far as the eye can see".
Irrigated agriculture was major to both the Aztecs and Incas. The Aztecs used chinampas while the Incas used an alternative agricultural system called terrace farming. Farming provided a source
The Aztecs seemed to be very modernized and clever when it came to living. The Aztecs created ideas and inventions to make living better. While all of this was happening they still managed to be very religious. Some people might think their religion made them a bit evil but the Aztecs had their reasons. When it came to farming they figured out ways to get more food.
Before the arrival of Columbus in the Americas, there were several Mesoamerican civilizations throughout a period of thousands of years. Many of these civilizations attained remarkable accomplishments in fields, ranging all the way from mathematics to agriculture. In example, one renowned civilization, the Maya, developed a complex system of written language that enabled them to keep record of significant events. The Mayan city-states built magnificent temples for rituals and religious purposes that connected the kings to the gods. Additionally, many civilizations of Mesoamerica implemented advanced technologies, such as irrigation, which was considered crucial, especially to those residing in the deserts of the Southwestern parts of North
The Maya people were wise and peaceful people with great advances in time. Example of these achievements would be the development of the mathematical system and writing. People developed a method of hieroglyphic notation and recorded their history, rituals, and mythology by painting or carving the words on stellas. The Aztecs built the city of Tenochtitlan and developed orchards called chinampas and knew irrigation techniques such as by dikes and ditches.
They had public ceremonies and prayed to agriculture god for good harvests. Priests kept calendars. Sometimes war prisoners were sacrificed to the gods. Aesthetics (Art, literature, music, dance, leisure activities, legacies to world culture) Aztecs built large and unique structures. They consisted of mainly temples and city walls.
The Aztecs were an ancient civilization found in Mesoamerica. Two aspects that they are known for are building temples and pyramids and also known for developing a form of writing called hieroglyphics. However, historians should emphasize on agriculture. We should emphasize on agriculture for three reasons. One reason is that agriculture effected the growth of the empire through the population and land growth.
The Mayans were people with no central government, and yet individuals worked hard to complete buildings for the whole community. The citizens of Mayan cities followed orders from higher political powers, which organized the work and maintenance of these places. (Doc B) The effort put into building these cities must have been unimaginable. The Mayans worked hard to construct many places without the luxury of having a previously established government and system to command over the people.
The first tribe we will talk about is the Mayan’s form of technology. The Mayan tribe had their own form of writing that was very different from what we have now. This form of writing then lead the Mayan to invent their own form of math which was also very different from the one we have now. The Aztec on the other hand was very different. The aztecs were very good at manipulating gold and jewels.
The Mayas, Incas, and Aztecs all show examples of how complex societies develop. They created complex societies with gender norms and socials structures that helped their culture to grow and flourish. The foundation for all three societies is the shift from hunting and gathering to agriculture that produced enough food for the population to expand. The Mayas were controlled by a ruling elites.
An example of one of these achievements was an accurate calendar, and advanced astronomy. In addition to that the Mayans had their own written language. It was one of the very first written languages. The Incas and the Aztecs didn’t their own written language which is another reason why I think the Mayans are better. One thing I think the Incas and the Aztecs did just as well as the Mayans, is architecture.
As a civilization in the jungle, the Maya are well known for their architecture, art, monumental sculptures, and calendars. The Mayan religious, ritualistic culture is developed and maintained in conjunction of the native people, as well as a communication and ties to the earth and sky. Understanding the Maya people and their religion is similar to understanding the geographical location of the people, and therefore their life source. There is great importance within the items that surrounded them geographically. Products or resources that sustained them as a community, or maintained their health and wellbeing, also created foundations for their religious belief system.