From the calendars we still use today, to the way we grow crops with farming, ancient civilizations such as the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas influenced and created the way we contribute our skills towards the public. These people’s expertise proves just how they improved the world. The civilizations were advanced for their time based on their early society, their accomplishments, and the remains that are still remembered, as well as viewed to this day. One of the ways that the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas were successful was through their people’s actions in a community.
Student Name: Shornaiter Richards Student Identification Number: AC1207313 Course Number & Title: AR300 Art History Assignment Number & Title: AR300C Assignment 08 Date of Submission: 26/08/2015 Assignment: Part A 1. Read the following article and analyze the expert’s opinion that art can be a generator of “identity” for a community, and examine what is meant by the statement that “public art ‘humanizes’ cities.” Haley, C. (2014, Mar 14).
No civilization would be able to grow without help from natural features. The Nile, the Indus, and the Euphrates are just rivers, yet they have an unparalleled effect on the surrounding civilizations. By providing water for countless people and animals, they are the lifeblood of lands that lack other water sources or ways to travel. Beyond that, they provide the resources needed to maintain a thriving economy and a rich culture. For example, the Ancient Egyptians had no choice but to incorporate the Nile into their culture because it was their only meaningful water source, and the main thing keeping them alive.
It is seen as a representation of leadership, control and confidence. Eagle : The Mayan symbol of Eagle stands for protection, authority, control, and is considered the symbol of unity or cooperation. It is also related with skill and determination because of its ability to fulfil its needs in the most efficient way. I believe it is important to be educated on not just ancient/indigenous religions, but on all religions as they played a significant part in history and have shaped the who we are and the world we live in today.
To start, Native American spirituality followers don’t take their practices as a religion like other religions, but their beliefs play an important role of themselves. Native American beliefs are deeply rooted in their culture. They believe everything surrounding them is holy, from the largest mountain, to the smallest organism. Also, Native Americans believe that a lesson can be found in all things and everything has a purpose. To sum up the main focus of their Spirituality, it is all about honor, true love, and respect.
Today the culture’s beliefs may seem odd and far off but to them it was normal customs to perform these acts in order to pay homage to their gods. In the Mayan and Aztec religions human sacrifices were vital for these cultures, they believed the sacrificed was blessed by the gods. Sacrifices were made to sustain their gods. The Mayans believed the gods created them from corn and used blood as the mortar for life (“Cracking the Mayan Code”).
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders cultural beliefs and practices vary depending on region. They live a hunter/gather lifestyle. The land and environment they live in is fundamental to the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The land is not just simply soil, rocks and minerals, but rather an entire area that manages and is maintained by individuals and culture.
Nevertheless, there have been a few diamonds in the rough. The Amish, for example, utilize their religious teachings and practices to work towards a localized utopia. They practice pacifism, protect the environment, and hold values that help them live together in unity. While not being absolutely perfect, the Amish community proves to exhibit utopian qualities, all made possible through religious teachings, ceremonies, and practices.
Their cultural memory is engraved in their physical landscape. Their belief is that everything originates in their motherland. That is why their motherland is more sacred to them than anything else. For them, their motherland is something that is very close to their heart worthy of their worship. “For a colonized people the most essential
This gave them an advantage in survival being that they did not have to travel for food. Instead, they could give up their nomadic lifestyle and settle down in one distinct place. With all of this contemporary information, the Europeans knew how to make do in
They lived by the Himdagĭ way of life; the essence of the river and its people (Fontana 1981). It encompasses the Pima because it intertwines religion, morals, values, philosophy, and general world view which are all interconnected. This could be classified as a religion, but it goes deeper to the base of the Pima’s view of themselves and their livelihood. Using the river and having it fill their fields with water provided a source of confidence for the whole tribe; many members saw it as a connection their ancestors (Kim 2014) and the link grew stronger with the season’s crops. The importance of the water from the Gila River to the Pima cannot be measured as simply as crops and sustenance, but with every crop that was produced, the Pima contributed its success to the Gila
Everything was perfectly planned out. As the calendar says, they have to sacrifice one of their own to please the Gods. The Mayan people would get together as a whole to practice their religious ceremony at the temple. The Mayan and Aztec civilizations are two ancient civilizations that were located near Central and South America. The Mayan civilization was more remarkable than the Aztecs because of their advanced knowledge.
Maya society was no different than any other society around world during this time period. Their society was broken into a class structure, which followed how other civilizations were. You had the ruling class, the nobility (“almehenob”), the priesthood (“ahkinob”) and often scribes would be at this level as well, the common folk (“ah chembal uinieol”), and of course, the slaves (“pencatob”). The most powerful of the ruling elite was known as the “halach uinic” or “true man,” which makes a fifth class in some cases. The halach uinic (Chief or King) was a hereditary position that was typically passed from father to eldest son.
The content within the Madrid Codex mainly consists of almanacs and different horoscopes that were used to help plan the timing of their ceremonies and when to perform divinatory rituals. The codex also contained many astronomical tables, although not as many that are found in the other two surviving Maya codices, the Paris Codex and the Dresden Codex. Some of the content is most likely to have been copied from older Maya books. Scenes in the Madrid Codex connected to the hunt. The images in the Madrid Codex also depict rituals such as human sacrifice and ways of invoking rainfall. There are also writings of everyday activities such as beekeeping, hunting, warfare and weaving.