As the rate of industrialization in America grew during the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries, child labor became more and more common. The rapid growth of the economy and the vast amounts of poor immigrants during the Industrial Age in America justified the work of children as young as the age of three. By 1900, over two million children were employed. However, the risks of involving child labor greatly outweighed the positives; child labor was inhumane, cruel, and caused physical deformities among children. Children typically worked in coal mines, mills, and factories which contained many life-threatening hazards.
Children would start work in coal mines and factories as young as 5 years old to 18 years of age. A child would work 18 hour days. Work days typically ran from early morning to late at night, and winter usually made longer hours, from 68 to 72 hours per week. Because of laissez faire businesses were allowed to pay an extremely low amount of money and to allow children to work in horrible working conditions. This is why children were often forced into labor, it also was to help their families bring in more
In “Nuclear Waste” by Richard A. Muller, he expresses his concerns about radioactive material in Yucca Mountain that will be left behind for thousands of years and the unfamiliar dangers that we face. He starts by stating that nuclear waste is one of the biggest issues that our government faces even though they highly follow their “safe” nuclear waste disposal. He stresses how the government prototype nuclear waste facility at Yucca Mountain is supposed to be so safe, but they built it on a site that was created by volcanic activity. Scientist have contemplated many different ways to dispose of nuclear waste, but they all seem like the worse than their previous ideas and some still are considering more nuclear power. After his intense evaluation
About one hundred thousand workers from six hundred different mills were on strike there. The strikers wanted their work cut from sixty to fifty-five hours. About a sixth of the strikers were children under sixteen.” ( 5, Josephson). As a result, she gathered a large group of mill children and their parents, shaming the mill owners of their actions.
(America, pg. 847) Children were working underage as well, legislation was pushing or justice. It was then that children were banned from working under the age of 14 working outside the home. It was the democrats that pushed to pass the child-labor law.
Many parents needed their wages to make ends meet. In Document C from The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets by Jane Adams 1909, Jane states how children enter factory life when the law allows them to, and children end up not having childhoods. She writes that people are so caught up with the marvelous achievements of their industry and end up forgetting the children who have to work to help out as well. In Document G, a court case Hammer v. Dagenhart 1918, the father of two sons one under fourteen years old and another one between fourteen and sixteen explains his concern about the exploitation of his children in a cotton mill. He says its concerning that children are allowed to work more than eight hours a day and six days a week.
(This picture shows seven children at home while their parents work) (Document 6). These children are not at work because of the child labor laws that came out of the first Industrial Revolution, although it looks like they could use some adult supervision because they are playing on a fire escape. “‘What time did you begin work at the factory?’ ‘When I was six years old.’ ‘You are considerably deformed in person as a consequence of this labour?’
“The Nuclear Waste” In the essay “Nuclear Waste” author Richard A. Muller the main point is the danger of nuclear waste and how politics and Scientific are handling the situation. Politicians and scientists are in favor of more research to found out answers because they both share the responsibility for the nuclear waste. There are many discuss nuclear waste whether you are pro-nuke or anti-nuke and how dangerous could be. An interesting fact is that Muller claims that Colorado River water is more dangerous than storing the nuclear waste also that uranium will progressively become less radioactive.
People and children would work ridiculous hours for little wages. Children would be put to work in the mines or even at a factory. As quoted from the Clayton Anti-Trust Act, "The labor of a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce,"(Document E). In response to these issues, labor laws were created. Woodrow Wilson introduced an eight hour workday, minimum wage, overtime pay, and child labor laws to prevent children younger than 14 from working in a factory or
Unfortunately, this wasn’t the case, children looked up to their parents achievements and accomplishments and some would start work at 13 years old. They rather have worked in factories then attend school, because factories were better at the time (Divine, page 451). To be fair, the construction of factories and jobs being administered to the working class was a great thing it was also ruining children’s future to prosper. Children should be going to school, to get an education and having better jobs to be equivalent to the middle or upper class in the
In the short story The Circuit, and the article Will India’s proposed rules of child labor help or hurt children? , it is evident that children shouldn’t be allowed to work full days as an alternative of going to school due to the loophole in child labor laws and the enjoyable opportunities school provides children with. To start off, the author of Will India’s proposed rules of child labor help or hurt children? informs, “In Surat, a fast-growing city of 4.6 million, the bosses of textile factories that make cloth regularly tell labor inspectors that the boys working in the factories are relatives” (2). This quote displays that the new child labor proposal has a loophole in which the bosses of factories can easily say that the kids working in the