Mcgregor's Theory X

1246 Words5 Pages
McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y
Gouws (1995) noticed that McGregor's hypothesis nearly looks like that of Maslow, inthat the variables McGregor trusted go about as sparks to individuals at work, arearranged and fulfilled in a comparative chain of importance. McGregor likewise put physiologicalneeds initially, trailed by physical and social needs. Pompous needs are subcategorisedas self-respect needs on theone hand, which include self-respect,self-confidence,autonomy, achievement,competence and learning, andreputationneeds on theother. The last includeneeds, for example, the status,recognition,respect and thankfulness a personenjoys. The most abnormal amount of needisthat of self-fulfillment,whichpeopleattemptto fulfill through continuedselfdevelopmentand
…show more content…
According to McGregor’s Theory X, which articulates the traditional approach to motivation, people are not keen on work, and try to avoid it where possible. As a result, employees must be coerced and controlled by punitive measures to perform effectively. The average person is believed to lack ambition, avoid responsibility, and strive for security and financial compensation only. They are egocentric, and not at all mindful of organisational goals. Theory Y, in contrast, reflects a more modern approach to motivation, in that most people are seen as keen to discipline themselves in order to successfully complete the tasks allocated to them. In addition, they seek responsibility, and are capable of creative problem solving. McGregor regarded Theory Y as a more accurate and realistic portrayal of human behaviour, since it represents the integration of individual and organisational goals. McGregor did, however, recognise that the theory does not offer a complete explanation for employee motivation (McGregor,…show more content…
The idea of expectancywas characterized in more detail by Vroom as takes after: "Where an individual choosesbetween options which include indeterminate results, it appears to be clear that hisbehavior is influenced by his inclinations among these results as well as by thedegree to which he trusts these results to be conceivable. Anticipation is characterized asmomentary conviction concerning the probability that a specific demonstration will be trailed by a specific result. Hopes may be portrayed as far as their strength.Maximal quality is demonstrated by subjective assurance that the demonstration will be taken after byoutcome, while insignificant quality is shown by the subjective conviction that the actwill not be trailed by the result." (Vroom, 1964) Motivation for this situation is likely when a plainly seen and usable relationshipexists betweenperformance and result, and the result is seen as a methods ofsatisfying needs. It proposes that there are two elements deciding the exertion peopleput in their occupations. The main is the estimation of the prizes to people, and the degree towhich these prizes fulfill their requirements for security, social regard, self-governance, andself-realization. The second is the likelihood that the prizes rely on upon the exertion, as saw by people, their assumptions about relationship between exertion

More about Mcgregor's Theory X

Open Document