Confederate soldiers on lookout, saw movement and took a shot at their own general. Stonewall was shot in the left arm, and was soon rushed to medical attention to amputate it. A quote, “On May 2, 1863, Confederate Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson was accidentally wounded by his own men at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia. The Confederate forces won the battle, but the loss of Gen. Jackson greatly damaged their war efforts.” (The learning network).
The American Civil War was a period of internal conflict in the United States that took place from April 12, 1861 to May 13, 1865. The war divided the 34 states into two separate entities: the Union and The Confederacy. The Union was composed of the states that remained loyal to the U.S. Constitution and federal government, while the Confederate States of America seceded. Following Lincoln’s inaugural address in 1861, South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union, quickly followed by the other states that would make up the Confederacy. The build up to the war, however, began long before.
On April 6, 1862 the Battle of Shiloh began and lasted for approximately a day and half; this battle was fought between General Albert Sidney Johnston and General Ulysses S. Grant and led to the South’s demise in the war. The battle site was named Shiloh due to the small church that stands in the middle of the battlefield. In this particular battle of the civil war, General Albert Sidney Johnston died. He was the highest ranking General of the civil war; on either side. General Ulysses S. Grant, and many others, considered this battle to be the bloodiest battle of the civil war.
The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought on December 11-15th 1862. The Potomac Union soldiers, commanded by Ambrose Burnside, came into battle with over 100,000 soldiers ready for combat. For the Confederacy, the number of soldiers was about half of the Union’s amount with only around 70,000. This battle was the first Urban battle of the war, forcing citizens and families out of their homes and some into the woods.
The Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, under the command of Gen. Robert E. Lee, invaded the north for the second time where they laid assault after assault against the Union’s line. The Union’s Army of the Potomac, commanded by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, with a hard fought defensive all across their lines and Meade’s strategic actions, held off the Confederate attacks one after another. In the height of the Civil War during late June, Gen. Robert E. Lee commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia won a great victory over the Army of the Potomac in May against then commander Joseph Hooker at Chancellorsville, Virginia.
The battle of Antietam was near Sharpsburg, Maryland and was on September 17, 1862. This battle was between the Union and Confederates, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was for the union and Robert E. Lee was for the Confederates. This battle was the single bloodiest day, there were around 25,00 casualties altogether from both the Union side and the Confederates side. A couple engagements of this battle were Battle of Harpers Ferry, during which a portion of the Confederate Army under General Stonewall Jackson captured the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry; and the Battle of South Mountain, which involved three pitched battles McClellan’s Army of the Potomac had to fight to pass through Blue Ridge Mountains to meet Lee’s forces.
Lincoln called for 500,000 troops on both sides settled for a long battle. Abraham surprised a lot of people by proving to be a more than a capable wartime leader. He learned quickly about strategy and tactics in the early years of the Civil War, and choosing the best commanders. General George McClellan continually frustrated Lincoln with his unwillingness to advance, and when McClellan failed to see Robert Lee’s retreating Confederate Army in the outcome of the Union victory at Antietam in September 1862. Antietam is a creek of north Maryland emptying into the Potomac
The Civil War. Louis P. Masur’s book, The civil War: a Concise History, Is a book that gives an overview of the civil war from 18 to 1800, Providing multiple causes an consequences that emerged from the war. The book begins by reviewing the origins of the war. Chapter one covers the issues between northern and southern states and the tension over right and slave possession. The tension created a conflict that raised a number of political, social, and military events that then proceeded into a battle to abolish slavery from the colonies.
Major General John Pope lead approximately 62,000 Union soldiers in the Second Battle of Bull Run. On the other side, the Confederates were lead by General Robert E. Lee. Despite having fewer men, the Confederates were ultimately victorious as a result of their superior military strategy and their understanding and use of the local terrain. The Second Battle of Bull Run was greatly impacted by both the resources of the both the Union and the Confederate troops, as well as by the local geography of the battle.
The union were able to attack Lees center multiple times but McClellan let the rebels retreat and regroup. Which let the battle carry on longer than needed. Then the union decided to attack Jackson(left flank) which was located at dunkers church, and were able to push Jackson out. Then the union had to get across the river to be able to attack and push back the confederates line. The union tried
Known as the bloodiest single-day battle in American History, the Battle of Antietam took place at Antietam creek in Maryland. Strategic plan unveiled and outnumbered, things didn’t start off smoothly for General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate army; yet, even with a copy of the enemy’s plan and a two-to-one advantage, did things work out for Union! With one side disadvantaged and the other wasting their advantages, the battle stayed undecided for hours- that is until violent attacks to General Lee’s troop had the Confederate army retreating. Although, the Battle of Antietam does not have a clear victorious side, the Union declared it as a victory and used the victory to justify the “Emancipation Proclamation”
Robert E. Lee imagined that by battling in Maryland, he could win support from the general population of Maryland, and also bolster his troops with nourishment from Maryland ranches. President Abraham Lincoln put Major General George B. McClellan accountable for the Union troops in charge of safeguarding Washington, D.C., against Lee 's attack. McClellan 's Army of the Potomac conflicted first with Lee 's men on September 14, with the
The battle lasted for three days and it resulted in the confederates’ defeat. This battle is considered a major turning point in the war because it forced the confederates to be put on the defensive side and it ended General Robert E. Lee’s biggest attempt to invade Union territory. The Union had some advantaged over the confederates such as having better weapons, telegraphs, and leadership. Whereas the Confederates were able to fight on land that they knew so they had “home” advantage. The disadvantaged for the confederacy were that the Union blocked many of the trading ports so that the Confederates’ economy was destroyed, also, the confederates had many guns and weapons, but they struggled to get enough men to enlist.
From June 26 to July 2, 1862 the Seven Days Battle was an attack by General Robert E. Lee of the Confederate Army that comprised of six different battles. McClellan 's army had the intent of capturing Richmond, Virginia, but Lee lunched a counter attack and drove McClellan’s army back to the sea. This ended the Peninsula Campaign. With a Confederate Victory, this increased morale in the South, because of the string of victories Lee had had. Lee would soon be victorious at battles following seven days battle, such as Fredericksburg.