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Athenian Citizenship Analysis

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In “….”, author M discusses the definition of Athenian citizenship, how did it ……. And………
The author starts by defining the word citizenship in English according to Webster, and Marshall, and in Greek. According to Webster citizenship is the status of being a citizen of a country, which the author refers as potentially legal or passive as person can hold the status of citizenship of a country but does not act as a member in the community. However according to Marshall, citizenship depends on persons’ actions, as person must be full member of the community to be called a citizen. In addition, the author discusses the analogous term of citizenship in Greek, which is “ Politeia”. The Greek’s definition of citizenship can include both the legal
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Citizenship according to Athenians was being a member who shares in the Athenian polis. This includes the legal status, formal obligations and privileges, and other intangible aspects of the citizen’s life like behavior, feelings, and attitudes. Only Athenian males who have reached age of eighteen, freeborn, and …… lawfully married Athenian parents can be citizens of the polis. Citizens had several rights and privileges. For example, citizens were expected to participate in festivals, and Athenian cuts, to speak and vote in assembly, and to serve as a juror in the law courts. Citizens expect to seek redress, receive protection under the law, and own land. Also, if a citizen sacrifices his life on behalf of the polis, he might be rewarded with public burial at state expense. However, citizens were obligated to obey the law of the polis(((((((, if not citizens risk the loss of his citizenship.))))))) Citizens were also obligated to do military service and…show more content…
Non-citizens were classified 3 groups, foreigners, resident aliens, and slaves. Foreigners were not allowed to hold public office or own lands. They were not allowed to marry Athenian women, and had to pay special tax to be able to trade. Also, they do not get the same rights and protection as those of citizens in the court. Like the foreigners, Resident Aliens, were not allowed to marry Athenian women and do not get the same rights and protection as those of citizens in the court. However, Resident Aliens had responsibility to de military service and pay taxes, if wealthy enough. Slaves, on the other hand, were considered property, so they did not have any legal identity of their own. On the other hand, Women in the Athenian community had no role in the public life. They participated in the polis only through their male relatives. They were not allowed to own any property, and could not marry or divorce independently. Similar to women, children depended on male relative for identification in the polis until they reach age of
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