When making decisions, there would be various examples of thought processes basing on the degree of ethical development of the individual. People who are less ethically developed may think that they should act ethically since they will be punished if they do not. Besides, people who have more progressed moral advancement may contend that they ought to act morally in light of the fact that their nation's laws say they ought to. People at the highest level of ethical development may claim that they should act ethically because it's always right to do so, regardless of what the results and costs are. In fact, there is a great amount of ethical issues commonly happening that create negative effects on the public confidence such as extortion, bribery or dishonest advertising
1.0 INTRODUCTION Ethics is the study of right and wrong, duty and obligation, moral norms, individual character and responsibility. Ethic is also called as a system of moral principles. Ethics is derived from the Greece word called “ethos”. The meaning is character and manners. In other words, Ethics are more moral guideline which governs good behavior.
Rather, it is based on standards at which we guide our behaviors and determine what should be done and what shouldn’t. Kant, one of the greatest philosophers who have discussed ethics, argues that acting in an ethical way requires differentiating between, “right” and “wrong” and then performing the right option. It is all about every individual’s view for a condition and the morality. Morality has a concern when it comes to norms, values, and beliefs that are embedded in social process. This defines right and wrong for an individual or a community.
The first concerns is about the personal integrity of leader, which also termed as moral person. Ethical leadership mostly grounded on leaders’ moral values (Kaptein 2003) and moral courage to uphold values and principles in the face of external risks or pressures (Van Wart 2005). Ethical leaders have special interest in others’ well-being, enduring the needs of followers and broader common good (Van Wart 2005). Besides, ethical leaders committed higher purpose (Khuntiar and Ssuar 2004) embrace altruistic values (Brown,Treviño, and Harrison 2005). Ethical leaders are able to recognize the moral elements of the decision and able to predict the moral impacts of their decisions, the goals they set and the methods used to achieve them (Treviño, Brown, and Hartman
Often, values are ideas that we want to achieve, like equality and social justice. Morals describe a behavioral code of conduct to which an individual ascribes. In this report, I will discuss an ethical dilemma (cheating) that I have been faced, then I will talk about it in
There are many perspectives in defining ethics, morals and values. Ethics are viewed as a theoretic and moral consideration of what are “good”, “right” or “worthy” actions (Pack-Brown, Thomas, & Seymour, 2008). In the individual sense, ethics are seen as behaviours associated with the principles and values that are acceptable to the society (Taft & White, 2007). Morality, on the other hand, refers to “judgements of justice, rights, and welfare pertaining to how people ought to treat each other” and it helps to keep the harmony between people (Bartels, Bauman, Cushman, Pizarro, & Macgraw, 2015). Values are general principles used to guide actions and people use it to rationalise their behaviours.
Deontology and Utilitarianism are similar in that the tenets of each aims at promoting the well-being of others by doing good. However, there are several differences between Deontology and Utilitarianism. Deontology focuses on the moral intention of an act. Utilitarianism focuses on the consequences of an action. Deontological approaches focus on the morality of an action on an individual basis.
When it comes to ethics, we look to leaders to lead on ethics and take responsibility for both good and bad results. Leaders who lead ethically are role models, communicating the importance of ethical standards, holding their employees accountable to those standards, and- crucially- designing environments in which others work and live. But, what happens when these leaders begin to cross that fine line of what is ethical and what it is not? The follower must then step up and remind the leader of what is right. The follower must remind the leader of the very things that the leader has taught the follower about ethics.
It is the responsibility of leadership to decide what culture is ethically acceptable and what is not. Good culture is promoted by shared ethical values. Ethical leadership recognizes the behavior which is inconsistent with the desired organization cultural values. The management of ethical behavior in corporate culture is also a practice of ethical leadership. A company’s leadership is also involved training to handle the unethical dilemmas.