Smallpox Moosa Mohammed Health Science Technology 3/4/2016 Smallpox Smallpox is a viral and contagious infection that is caused by the Variola Virus. Smallpox is a disease that arose approximately 10,000 years ago in Africa and Southern Asia that spread quickly through the air and eventually spread throughout the whole world. Smallpox is a fatal and dangerous disease that has no cure but does have a vaccination to prevent it. However the vaccination does comes with a few dangerous side effects making this infection something no one wants to have. In addition Smallpox can spread very easily making people more vulnerable to it.
Primary infection occurs in epithelial cells leading to a skin rash and fever as a phenotype. When virions spread to adjacent sensory neurons, a lifelong infection is established (Owen, Crump, & Graham, 2015). Both primary and secondary diseases have a significant morbidity and mortality but thanks to advances in diagnostic and the production of vaccines, it is possible to decrease their burden (Gershon, 2013). 1.1 Varicella: Varicella (chickenpox), the primary infection of VZV, is characterized by cutaneous eruption typically seen in children. In adults, this primary infection is more severe and in immunocompromised patients, it can be followed by complications such as, high fever, pneumonia, encephalitis and hepatitis (Gershon et al., 2013).
According to the CDC, “approximately half of the babies less than one year old who get pertussis need treatment in the hospital” (Fast Facts). The pertussis vaccine, discovered in 1906 was developed by Bordet and Gengou. It is a common virus that is more well known for affecting babies. The virus also known as “Whooping Cough” for the sound the host makes while trying to catch their breath. A single person with, “pertussis can infect up to 12 to 15 other people” (Pertussis F.A.Q).
Allergic conjunctivitis Description Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva caused due to allergy. It is mainly caused by air borne allergy contacting the eye. Specific IgE causes local mast cell degranulation and the release of chemical mediators including histamines, eosinophil, chemo- tactic factors and platelet activating factors that lead to inflammation. Allergic conjunctivitis occurs more frequently among those with allergic conditions, with the symptoms having a seasonal correlation. It is a frequent condition affecting 20% of the population annually worldwide.
Title of the proposal: Chronic diarrhea in the outpatient department: evaluation of demographic and clinical characteristics. Background: Chronic diarrhoea in adult is a common gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by various degrees of abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Most patients have long-standing symptoms . It is defined as the abnormal passage of three or more loose or liquid stools per day for more than four weeks . This definition based on symptoms led to an overlap between functional bowel disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome  and organic causes.
Introduction: Helicobacter pylori are a ubiquitous organism that can be seen in 50% of general population. Its association with various gastric disorders are well established in numerous studies after its discovery in 1983. Peptic ulcer disease is the most studied disease related to H Pylori infection. H. pylori are seen in 90% of duodenal ulcer and 75% of gastric ulcer Patients. This bacterium is also involved in the pathogenesis of several extra gastric diseases, such as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas ( Maltomas) gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD ) and gastric carcinomas.
Malaria is the most common disease in third world countries with a tropical climate; the disease is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted through the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells. Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines.
This virus is known to be the number one cause of infant diarrhea this virus has been in effect since 1973, and although treatable, Rotavirus attacks mainly young infants and children, due their somewhat weak immune system, therefore many consider the virus deadly and dangerous. Rotavirus is a very contagious virus that causes the stomach and intestines to swell up; adults can also be affected by Rotavirus however the symptoms are not as severe as they are in young children. The symptoms of the virus can take up to two days to show up, they include, watery diarrhea, stomach pain, fever, vomiting, dehydration, and loss of appetite. Due to two of the symptoms being dehydration and diarrhea, many people with Rotavirus must be hospitalized, assuring that the patient receive proper care and fluids their body needs. Since there is no antiviral drug, the patient must drink plenty of liquids and occasionally receive IV fluids as well.
A RARE CASE: AN ADVANCED STAGE HEPATOCELLULAR CARCİNOMA PATİENT PRESENTED WİTH MULTİPLE SPLENİC METASTASES SUMMARY: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary liver tumor and it is one of the most common cause of deaths in patients with cirhosis. İt’s histopathologic diagnosis is difficult because biopsy usually couldn’t perform due to risc of bleeding. Clinicians especially diagnose it with radiologic and clinical parameters of patient. Splenic metastases are rarely conditions. But when its present we should make an examination for finding primary tumor.