Mechanical Solidarity Theory

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However, Weber argued that the strong and seemingly unwavering belief of the Protestant Ethic revealed a collectivist element due to its collective execution on both economic and social life. Through such collectivism, a domino effect has run its course onto society, unleashing the process of rationalisation and morphing the Western society into an iron cage, leaving its members with little to no power to flee from its grasp. As such, the collective force of capitalism and its consequent forms of bureaucracy are what affect the life-chances of individuals. While Gwartney, Lawson and Hall (2011) reported that United Kingdom is among the top ten of the most capitalist country, recent analysis has shown that it has caused a shift…show more content…
Mechanical solidarity involves the consensus of tendencies and ideas among the members of society are significantly greater in number and intensity than those which concern personally to each member. This is proven true from how society had the collective will to attain salvation through the act of submitting to God’s will. The growth of this solidarity is only in inverse ration to personality. "Solidarity which comes from likeness is at its maximum when the collective conscience completely envelops our whole conscience and coincides in all points with it", (Durkheim, 1893: 130). Durkheim stated that only primitive types of society display the characteristics of mechanical solidarity that are led by powerful systems of common…show more content…
Fewer common beliefs are needed to bind its members to a society of organic solidarity due to the progressive increase in the division of labour which results in an increased mutual dependence among the society. However, it was stressed that a degree of common collective conscience is still required even within the systems of a highly developed organic solidarity, lest they degenerate into mutually antagonistic and self-seeking individuals. Such can be observed from the modern society where there exists a division of labour, prompting individuals to rely on each other due to different specialisations in order to earn money and fulfil their

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