Mechanization In The Industrial Revolution

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Mechanization was one of those things that changed the social and economic structure of the 19th century society, as inventions and technological innovations created the factory system of large-scale machine production. K. Marx noted, “As a machine, the means of labor acquires a material form of existence that makes possible the replacement of human effort by the forces of nature and empirical, routine procedures by the conscious application of natural science” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed, vol. 23, p. 397). Until the industrial revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries, the labor was manual, and the number of tools that a person could operate at one time was limited. The industrial revolution created conditions for mechanization…show more content…
Each of these three factors helped to create the modern industrial society with the vision of mass production and the assembly line. The first use of assembly line production was in the ship building industry which later spread onto the automobile industry. Many industries, firearms, clocks and watches, horse-drawn vehicles, railway locomotives, sewing machines, and bicycles, saw mass production as they shifted to special purpose machinery. The assembly line process meant separation of a work process into a number of tasks, with each task performed by a separate person or group of persons. The consequent reduction in production time and the ability to replace craftsmen with lower-paid, unskilled workers resulted in lower production costs and less expensive final product. The Scottish economist Adam Smith saw this splitting of tasks as a key to economic progress by providing a cheaper and more efficient means of producing…show more content…
The increased efficiency of the new mechanized factories reduced the cost of consumer goods and laid them well within the reach of the working class. As Frank Lloyd Wright said, Mechanization best serves mediocrity. The use of advanced machines in farming made agricultural production cheaper. Food prices declined and people had more money to spend on manufactured goods. A decline in transport costs helped create a rapid expansion of global trade and economic growth. The rise of new industries and factories led to the generation of more jobs in the manufacturing sector. When the mass production of the Industrial Revolution flooded the market with affordable consumer goods, these manufactured goods greatly improved the living conditions of the citizens of these industrialized countries. The middle class population could afford the goods anyway, the prices lowered even more, they now had different options to choose from, they could enjoy the comfort and convenience of the new products being made. The standard of living rose, the cost of living decreased, the population experienced a large
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