Antigone, a woman, thought differently and chose to bury Polyneices. Her choice eventually led to a series of tragic events in the play that would include her eventual death. Because of this, Sophocles conveys the idea that in a society dominated by men, women are able to challenge men by pushing forward their own ideas and by making their own choices. Sophocles utilizes character foil to illustrate how Greek society found women to be inferior. This inferiority
Antigone, one of the first female protagonists in literature, is considered a tragic heroine whose downfall is due to the tragic flaw of her devotion to her family and her obsession with burying her brother Polyneices. Unlike the traditional Ancient Greek woman, Antigone is outspoken and defiant; these characteristics are both admired and abhorred by other characters in the play. For example, while Haimon praises her ability to stand as a voice for the masses against Kreon’s absolute rule, Kreon sees her justice-driven actions as a resistance against his rule. Antigone’s characterization is emphasized by her foil, Ismene, whose quiet and obedient persona only emphasizes Antigone’s dissimilarity to the average woman. However, Antigone’s obsession with burying Polyneices stems from her desire to obey divine rule, an aspect that was considered imperative in Ancient Greek society.
Feminism plays a major role in hundreds of cultures, as it raises attention to civil liberties of women across the globe. Applying this to Antigone, it was certainly against the norm of a typical ancient Greek woman to rebel against a male authority. This is reason to believe that Antigone may have shown signs of early feminism. Women in ancient Greece were generally fearful that rebellion against male authority would lead to unfortunate circumstances. The fact that Antigone went against the orders of Creon shows definite female power.
The women felt that the war was causing disruption and ruining the unity between the people. Particularly, the main protagonist Lysistrata herself, gathers the power of females in hopes for peace and the reunion of Greece. Although the women initially were dubious about ending the war with a sex strike, it was Lysistrata who brought leadership to the group, encouraging all to contribute their powers for good, as she says, “Our country’s fortunes are in our hands; and whether the Spartans shall perish and the Boeotians shall be completely annihilated” (Aristophane 34-35). During this process, the women were faced with corrupted men, who believed that females should have no participation in the topic of war. Rather than succumbing to the demands of the men, Lysistrata insisted and argued for women to take charge and restore Athens.
However, Elizabeth doesn’t obey for the sake of her aristocracy. Instead, she refused to not sacrifice her good sense or self-respect to please her: “Elizabeth found that nothing was beneath this great Lady’s attention, which could furnish her with any occasion of dictating others” (165). Austen uses Elizabeth’s newly formed courage against the formidable Lady Catherine to emphasize her strong individualistic personality and pragmatic views. It requires immense courage and strength for her to challenge a domineering personality of a higher social
In Ovid’s Metamorphoses the roles of women are all over the place and pretty extreme. It ranges from girls like Daphne running away from Apollo who lusts over her to malevolent women such as Juno. Ovid portrays both women who are lustful and then some women who are strong and unforgiving. Even though there are some people who may portray this story negatively due to it’s sadistic ways, Ovid portrayed the way women were during that era while Homer portrayed the women he wrote about to have unorthodox roles and
For instance, she had to pledge, judge, and urge for the separation to not take place because it would affect them both equally. As evidence, “He looked now more careworn and emaciated than as we described him at the scene of Hester 's public ignominy” that indicates how Hester was put forth once again by the public for the same sin that was committed. However, the second it was far more important because she was fighting for her daughter, Pearl’s hostility. Hester is shown at a low and vulnerable position in her life once again which could quickly be mistaken for weakness, that not exactly being the case because she is known to overcome her huge opticals. To many the way, Hawthorne characterizes Hester Prynne it may be complicated, but considering that her character has gone through a lot it is made clear that the character is not being dramatic but
Madame Defarge realizes this and commences a plan to kill all of the Evremonde family. Lucie quickly realizes her plan and becomes terrified, and personally asks Madame Defarge “For my sake, then be merciful to my husband. For my child’s sake!” (Dickens, 178) because she knows that Defarge will not stop and thus she is asking herself for mercy. Madame Defarge’s sister: Defarge even interrogates Madame Defarge by asking her when will she stop all her violence. Madame, at first takes these as compliments since she now knows she is in power.
Therefore, Mama Elena knows to keep the two apart and threatens Tita if she ever does anything she is not supposed to. Tita is a strong female character who undergoes many challenges such as, losing the love of her life, being mistreated by her mother, and trying to not hurt her sister’s feelings. When Tita announced that Pedro would like to speak to Mama Elena about marrying her, she was lectured about their family’s tradition and in response Tita just “lowered her head, and the realization
Phaedra and Medea were both sympathetic victims, though Phaedra earned more sympathy. Throughout both plays and many others within, the alleged general faultiness yet calculated cruelty of women are noted often by both male and female characters many times, including Phaedra and Medea. Since women only had the ability to be respected for few things, for example, the ability to bear children and keep a husband, it follows that acting out of the norm could have severe consequences for them and their societal standing. The imbalance of power in Greek and Roman society in both Hippolytus and Medea has created an outlet of seemingly disproportionate revenge committed by women, in response to their oppression. However, it is not truly disproportionate if one considers that a woman who had never been able to fight back or speak up in her life will one day respond with a collective blow to the patriarchy when it is vital for