The men confront the women’s irrationality with their rationality and adherence to the fated path. By depicting the genders in these ways, Virgil clearly show the men as the superior gender in this epic. While the men will be remembered for their contributions to the founding of the Roman empire, the women and their failed attempts will be a warning to all those who stand in the way of
It’s no surprise, that Shakespeare’s Macbeth was clearly constructed as a rebellion against femininity roles of the time. During the Elizabethan era, women were raised to believe they were inferior to men since men obtained desired masculine qualities such as strength, and loyalty, whereas women were viewed as figures of hospitality (1; 6; 28-31). Obviously, not being tempted by the luxury of subservient women, William Shakespeare rebuked this twisted belief, applying that women deserve more respect than their kitchen tables. However, if transcending female expectations was used as a weapon than for good, is it still considered an act of femininity? Of course not!
The Amazons were a fear of the ancient Greeks because of their independence and lack of need for men. However, despite their warrior nature, they are never able to defeat men in battle. Medea is the epitome of ancient Greek fears of different people. She is a foreign princess and a sorceress. She is so different, she is capable of the worst murders, including burning of innocent girls and killing her own
In order for Christine’s argument against sexist males to be more powerful, she uses a rhetorical device called the topos of modesty, which means that she willingly appears more ignorant. This ignorance helps play out her existential crisis and makes it seem more real that she is starting to believe what men say about women. Christine tells Lady Reason that she feels as though being a woman in this time period is a waste of space if she was only placed here to make men miserable. Reason helps Christine decipher her own self-consciousness and sift through the negative thoughts of the anti-female writers by showing Christine that she, as well as all women, have a significant place in society. This is the first example of how Christine criticizes medieval European society.
Firstly, the social system is patriarchal and women hold an inferior position in society. In book two, one of the suitors tells Telemachus how they forced his mother, Penelope, to finish weaving the burial shroud. Ancient Greek society had very specific gender roles, expecting men to be masculine and domineering while women were passive and obedient. Secondly, slaves serve family and the guests’ needs, for example the household’s slaves were used to entertain the suitors. They are expected to serve the suitors and put up with their rude demeanor.
While fictitious, this story does show one bit of truth, the way women were being treated during this era. “ I beg the ancient privilege of Athens: as she is mine, I may dispose of her, which shall either be with this fine gentleman (Demetrius) or to her death according to our law, immediately provided in that case” (1.1.45-48). Hermia wishes to marry her true love Lysander, who in turn loves her as well; however, even though he is as good a man as Demetrius, status-wise, Hermia’s father, Egeus, would rather kill her or turn her into a nun than let Hermia control her life. This practice was widely done by the Elizabethans. Daughters had no choice but to marry the man their father
Furthermore, Lady Macbeth has power comparable to man’s but is then cast aside by her husband at the end. Shakespeare thus presents masculinity in both a positive and negative light. In Act 1, Shakespeare presents Macbeth with admired masculine qualities countered with Lady Macbeth criticising his idiosyncrasies. Lady Macbeth’s definition of a man is disparate to others’. In Scene 2, the captain labels Macbeth as “brave”.
Men are supposed to be brave and courageous- they reside in “the male realm of power and politics with, in the eyes of the true-blooded men to whom that world properly belongs ” (Long -64). Similarly, women are shown to be a weakness throughout the play. Lady Macbeth herself even calls upon the spirits to “unsex me here”, to remove her feminine qualities so that she may be filled with the cruelty of man (1.5.40). The characters that ultimately survive until the end are shown as being removed from women in some shape or form, as Michael Long states, “The young saviour, Malcolm, is not only a man but a man ‘yet/Unknown to woman’; the avenging warrior, Macduff, is not only a man but a man not ‘of woman born’” (Long -64). The definition of man that is developed puts the male gender on a pedestal, making them out to be brave and strong, with endless cruelty and few grains of kindness.
Such a masculine personality in Mama comes from her experience to true oppression – slavery. Mama says that Walter is a “disgrace to [his] father’s memory” as she challenges Walter to fulfil his moral duty to succeed his father. Hence, A Raisin in the Sun play is feminist since it depicts the leadership of a woman who exerts control on the collective decisions for the family, when instead, a woman is stereotypically expected to be submissive to the men in the
In Ancient Greece, men and women only married for the sole purpose of having male heirs. “Girls” were expected to be quiet and submissive and were not supposed to interact with the males since they were seen as inferior. Once Ancient Greece started conquering Ancient Egypt, the women of Ancient Egypt became oppressed and had their rights taken away. There is plenty of sexism in the Qur’an, just like there is plenty of sexism in the Bible. But does the oppression of women come from the Qur’an or does it come from the cultural standards of that country?