A 2005 analysis of felony defendants in urban courts found that Latinos were less likely to be released on their own recognizance and when they were offered bails, the amounts set were significantly higher (averagely $ 25000higher) than African Americans or whites in similar circumstances. Given the option to post bail, only 33% of Latino defendants were able to do so compare with 47% of African Americans and 58% of whites. The same study found that 51% of Latinos were incarcerated compared to 32% of whites (Gazzar, 2014). A 2004 analysis of the rulings in urban courts across the country found the likelihood of incarceration for Latinos 44% higher than whites when convicted of property crimes and for drugs 53% higher than whites. Latinos are impacted deeply by mandatory minimum sentences as found in a 2011 report in which it was found that Latinos were more convicted of an offense receiving mandatory sentence than any other ethnic group.
This strategically regime that governed tactic execution made a rise in 1980s jail population to 513,900. That's nearly 156,608 more people broken from families with petty crimes. As stated before, fear was a tactic to justify these actions. Willie Thornton picture showed a messy, monstrous, and fearful black male. His picture did more justice than his conviction.
It has led to a rise in the recidivism rates of prisoners. Recidivism refers to the repetition of criminal behavior (James, 2011). According to the United States Bureau of Justice 2010 statistics report, three-quarters of released prisoners are constantly rearrested for new crimes and more than half of these go back to prison in a period of two to three years after their release. Ex- inmates account for an approximated 19 percent of all arrests (Phelps, 2013, p.55). Criminals who return to the community are also most of the times worse off after a period of confinement than when they entered.
Policies like; Stop and Frisk, and Show me your papers target the disenfranchised people of colour under the law. As a consequence they are far more likely to get arrested for the same crime white people commit. They are twice as likely to get pulled over. Take the late Walter Scott that was pulled over for a broken taillight only to be shot three times in the
To begin with, sentence reforming needs to take place because people are getting way to many years for petty crimes they didn't commit. For example, "we are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration. Over 2 million Americans live caged behind bars, a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years." Thus, this shows that due to us still following the old system to many people are in jail for crimes that don’t deserve that crime. Another example is shown in article 2, line 2 "One in 35 American adults is under
Blacks are also three times more likely to be convicted of drug violations than whites. Only 75 percent of blacks have received post-high school education, compared to 85 percent of whites. Not surprisingly, blacks on average also make less money than whites” (Philip M. Deutsch). It’s unjust that people of color are treated as inferior to white people, and it is that kind of social issue that interferes with the liberties of all Americans of
Elderly offenders are a number of men and women ages 55 years and older that face life sentence or waiting for parole. There are more male than female prisoners there's about 42% white prisoners, 33% are black and around 15% hispanic. Elderly prison have grown from 32,600 in 1995 to 124,400 in 2010. They say that about the year 2030 will approach one third of the total prison population. Elderly prisons are two to three times more expensive than younger offenders, they could be up $72,000 per year for medical care and housing.
Unfortunately, there are racial disparities in the United States in the legal system. Prison sentences imposed on African American males in the federal system are nearly 20 percent longer than white males convicted of similar crimes. The 1994 Crime Bill signed by President Clinton established mandatory minimum sentences. African American and Latino offenders sentenced in state and federal courts face greater odds of incarceration than white offenders who are in similar situations and receive longer sentences than whites in some jurisdictions. Research has shown that race plays a significant role in determination on which homicide cases resulted in death sentences.
From Television shows portraying mostly White actors, certain ethnicities in the music industry, such as Whites in rock music and Blacks in hip-hop, and the news on a Black or Latino man who gets incarcerated. All of what is portrayed in the media has to do with ethnic stratification, since the industry is part of an institutionalized inequality. White people mostly run the media industry, one is able to see the profound unbalanced difference between the minority group in the media with the majority group. According to PBS.org, there was a research done at the University of Southern California studying the 700 top-grossing films from 2007 to 2014. “They analyzed the race and ethnicity of more than 30,000 characters to reveal diversity in film.
The song contains the famous, “...In the land of the free and the home of the brave.” But are you truly free if you are being unfairly targeted because of your skin color? And are police officers being brave when they shoot unarmed human beings? A study by the University of California found that unarmed blacks who were stopped by police were 3.49 times more likely to be killed by police than whites who were unarmed and stopped by police. An investigation by federal and state judges into the San Francisco Police Department’s practices found that, “although Black people accounted for less than 15 percent of all stops in 2015, they accounted for over 42 percent of all non-consent searches following stops.” The same study also found the Blacks and Hispanics in this region had the lowest “hit rates,” or finding illegal contraband on the subjects, as white people who were stopped were two times more likely to be found carrying contraband. A Stanford study done in Oakland in 2015 showed that of all people handcuffed but not arrested in a 13 month period, 2890 of them were African American, and only 193 whites were cuffed.
With this said, it is no question as to why: white Latino men are much more likely than White men, but only half as likely as Black men, to serve time in prison. Latino boys also face high levels of incarceration, particularly in states with large Latino populations and why California and Texas alone imprison the majority of incarcerated Latino youth in the United States. By putting a stop to the mis labeling of Latinos in our country; there wouldn’t be such a heavy imbalance among different races and their incarnation rates. Our society and criminal justice system would function better as
Forty years have gone by and I think it’s finally time we acknowledge the inconvenient truth; Capital punishment is not a fair means of punishment and disproportionately affects minorities. In the landmark Supreme Court case McCleskey v. Kemp, a study conducted by David Baldus, a late Iowa Law Professor, concluded that black defendants indicted for murder were convicted nearly twice as much as white defendants and black defendants who killed white people received the death penalty four times more often than black defendants who killed other black people. This argument was a highlight of the case, but did not stop the Supreme Court from ignoring the statistics regarding racial bias in capital punishment cases. A vote of 5-4 ruled that tendencies
According to a 2000 report by engineering statistician William Sturdevan, in Texas the general public is 5.3 times more likely to be arrested for violent offenses and 14 times more likely to be arrested for nonviolent offenses than concealed carry weapon permit holders. The Christian Science Monitor reported that “ the number of incidents in which concealed gun carries kill innocent people is a fraction of 1% of all gun related homicides. As one could see, concealed carry is a very important right in the US. This is why I think it important to be able to legally be allowed to conceal and carry a weapon or be able to own one for protection. Whether it’s because it’s a second amendment for people to bare arms or statistics of all assaults that could have been prevented if it would have been legal for people to protect.
There are a lot of things that influence African Americans lives, but jail incarceration and poverty seems to be at the root. I am mentioning poverty because unjust jail incarceration is linked adjacent to it. According to the State of Working America in a 2013 study, African Americans, poverty rates are the highest at 27%. According to the NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, “African Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population.” According to the U.S. Sentencing Commission in a 2010 study, African Americans offenders receive sentences that are 10% longer than white offenders for the same crimes.
The law has the most leading homicide with the the murder not in jail. In addition, ¨ A national debate and massive rallies contesting “stand your ground”laws followed the shooting of Florida teenager Trayvon Martin by neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman last year, and then increased again earlier this year with Zimmerman’s acquitted based on his argument that he shot the 17-year-old in self defense. Critics say such laws are enforced unevenly, and people of color, especially young African Americans, are hurt by these laws more than whites. ¨ ( National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 2013 ). This connects to the topic because it supports that more cases of a homicide are increasing.