Tom Joad’s succession to power illustrates that a community’s ability to progress derives from a system where an effective leader guides and motivates, but is not irreplaceable. An authoritarian or tyrant is undoubtedly a type of leader and is able to accomplish his or her selfish goals through individual power. But a truly healthy community requires a strong leader, participation by its members, and an effective succession of leadership when needed. Why does a democracy have a President? Why does a jury have a foreperson?
Since NGOs are result of revolutionary movement, the primary means of spreading their advocacy are via propagandas. Propaganda is a mode of communication designed to disclose a particular ideology of a certain group of individuals united by the same principles and beliefs with an objective of winning over its audience (Jowett & O’donnell, 2014). As such, others saw it a practice, while some view it as a phenomenal movement acting as an avenue for the populace’s involvement to social issues. However, probing further to propaganda’s means of operation, Stanley’s (2015) connotation of propaganda proves to be the most noteworthy. He highlighted that an effective propaganda will only result from the mastery of their discourse with the touch of persuasion.
Locke believed that the government was made up by the people of the society. Similar, to today`s democracy where the government focuses on the people`s happiness since they control who gains authoritative power. Locke’s contribution to the concept of consent, and natural rights are components of modern governments especially in democracy (Stanka). Locke, observed that the need to constitute a civil society was to protect and maintain freedom; moreover, he noted that it lacked an established, settled known law; a known indifferent judge; and an executive to enforce just decisions. Furthermore, Locke argued for the supremacy of the Legislature within the institutions of government.
Therefore, stereotyping provides a means to group and attempt to manage fields of data which are overwhelming. The media uses stereotyping in an attempt to get a quick handle on vast amounts of information-thus, the good guy wears white and the bad guy wears black. However, the media can also stereotype for other reasons. When one’s stereotyped group status is made relevant or conspicuous by situational features, stereotype threat and performance decrements are
He highlights that American government is not that liberal and democratic as they try to show it through the media and speech of their rulers, that they can do anything they want and then pretend as nothing happened around and as they are the ones who always wishes to help to the third world countries. He is arguing that education is a policy of the ruling classes; they construct their own models and programs of education and distinguish between what have to be thought to the society and what have not. He explains that schools are the primary sources of the population from where they have to get the guidance how to think and for whom to believe. Also he states one of the outstanding thinkers of the past century, who influenced him a lot, Dewey, where he says that the main goal of production is not about producing the goods, but about to produce free human beings in terms of equality, especially equality in education. All human beings should be educated and taught to think by themselves in a democratic way, to be creative and cooperative in helping to development of the world, at the same time to be able to keep admiring and revering traditional values that have been eroded.
According to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the main problem of modern societies is that they do not promote either equality or freedom. Therefore, he proposes a model of government that is based on the “general will”. As I am going to explain in details later on, the general will for Rousseau is the only way to promote the common good for the whole society. However, in my opinion, his model of government ensures equality at the expense of personal freedoms. In fact, he believes that people need to be educated to a common civic sense that allows them to pursue a greater good; but for me his education is a form of indoctrination and Rousseau’s perfect government is destined to degenerate in a totalitarian regime.
Then, it will briefly discuss the reciprocal connection between propaganda and the history of international communication. Propaganda and politics are interrelated. Politics often require the use of propaganda to reinforce its legitimacy and achieve its purpose; similarly, propaganda may affect political situation by shifting public opinion. As an outline of how propaganda can be exploited as a political tool, one might consider the following scenario. When the government wants to achieve its ideal of certain policy, it might use messages that give positive light to this policy.
However, he generalizes people and puts everyone in a box. Not all people are selfish and seek power. With this in mind, I agree with Locke regarding his view of human nature. He says the majority of people are cooperative and seek to be loved, all the while acknowledging the existence of morally corrupt people, which is why we need a democratic government. I think this theory couldn't be more accurate.
This will ensure that democracy will live and prosper. Dictators and those others, who choose to rule not through love, compassion and understanding, will face subjugation if democratic means are upheld. Violence can get the better of some people for all time and all people for sometime but not all people for all time. Those who make false promises and instigate innocent people to serve their own selfish interests cannot win in the long term. Dictatorship supresses while democracy nurtures, so in the interest of the world at large it is our duty to uphold democratic values.
Democracy signifies participation of the people in the execution of their regime (Beramendi 2008). A democratic government is run by the people and its aim is public interest. Similarly, Backer and Raveloson (2008) explain democracy as a government which comes into power through general public, is practiced by the public and is there to work for the best interest of the public. Democracy can also be understood in opposition of other government systems; dictatorships, monarchies and aristocracies. In government systems, other than democracy, mostly, people have no or minute control over who will rule their state; contrarily, in democracy, people themself decide who will govern them or how their country will be run (Zimmermann 2012).