Introduction The Iranian Revolution in 1979 is regarded as one of the most influential events in the aggregate history of Iran. It was a catalyst in the history of Iran because many great changes occurred in this time period from 1979 onwards. The Iranian Revolution was a nationalist, populist, and Shi'a Islamic revolution that replaced the dictatorial monarchy with an Islamic republic. Pre-revolutionary Iran was run by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and was called the Pahlavi dynasty, who was supported by the United States of America. The demonstrations against the Shah began in October 1977 in which expanded into civil resistance against the Shah which was driven by religious elements.
Thus, the exceptionality of the 1979 Iranian Revolution emphasizes the influence of religion and its role and contribution in revolutions and revolutionary ideology. The oppressed majority of Iranians, consist of mainly of Shiites, may well sympathize with Shariati’s form of Shiism which defined the religion as, “the struggle for justice against foreign rule, tyranny, feudalism, and exploitation (Brandis, 2009).” Also, the U.S.-Iranian relations went downhill after the revolution. In fact, Khomeini accused the U.S. of exploiting Iran’s resources. This exploitation from the west forced Iranians to take part in a revolution where many Iranians had to die and killed by the repressive Shah regime (Wise, 2011; Shadmehr,
All of the Iranian adversaries banded together to bring down the rule of Reza Shah. The strength of all of the revolutionaries, including Marjane’s parents, easily matched the Shah. Essentially, the Shah and the Iranian people, such as the Satrapi family, had a negative relationship. Reza Shah was the successor of his father, and may have been even less popular with the Iranian people. Having a leadership style too unique for the Iranian’s taste, he quickly became very unpopular.
Furthermore, the dissimilarities of government the western industry has from the eastern as the audience sees the political conflict among humanity and the theocratic government over independence. Marjane Satrapi compares Iran’s system of government as a bicycle; for instance, the bicyclist symbolizes the government that makes jurisdiction for the wheels which represents the public. This is diverse from eastern nations such as the United States of America that is governed in a democratic government. The spectators in the United States would have an unalike reaction than individuals in Iran. Another different aspect is the sexual characteristics roles in Iran; in Marjane Satrapi’s standpoint the audience perceives the transition mainly on women as it takes the reader into her outlook.
Pre-Islamic Iranian culture and its effect on Islamic civilization and Arabic literature Most of us think that Iranian pre-Islamic culture and literature was totally destroyed with the invasion of the Arabs and a new culture, separate from that of the past developed under the influence of Islamic culture. But, it seems implausible that the literature and culture of people with thousands of years of history could become totally ruined or transformed in such short period and “people would fall into ignorance and bewilderment, until they reenter the world of knowledge and literature, after a long time, with the aid of other elements, and in a different manner.” On the contrary, a quick look at the history of the first centuries after the entrance
When the regime changed, so did the class material. They were taught how to be faithful to the Islamic regime, fitting the propaganda of the new Iranian state. As she grew up, she was less surrounded by propaganda and not affected by it personally. This gave her a more true outlook on her own country. This propaganda was most apparent in the people that surrounded her.
The Iranian Revolution has a history of chaos in order to put power in the hands of the people. The 1953 coup was to overthrow of the elected prime minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh. Mohammad Mosaddegh almost succeeded in deposing the shah incensed Iran's intellectuals.
Iran has always had a legacy of challenging the existing the status quo, be it with regards to politics, society or culture. Iran waged a revolution against the modernising Pahlavi regime to establish a conservative clerical government under Khomeini. Iranians have projected various forms of resistance to the onslaught of colonialism. Hamid Dabashi says that without these forms of groundbreaking initiatives or resistance, Iranian subject would have been historically denied or colonially modulated (Dabashi 2001:213). These modes of resistance have given a historical agency to the Iranian subject.