Media is focused on people marginalized in society due to race, ethnicity and sexuality. It is based on well-known stereotypes and reinforces them. Moral panic sends society into mass hysteria over an issue or an event that occurs. Stanley Cohen believed that media created a moral panic. Stanley had published a book on folk devils and moral panics (1972) which says that moral panic occurs due to people or groups become threats to society and interests.
'Moral panic ' refers to the public and political reaction to minority or marginalized individuals and groups who appear to be some kind of threat to consensual values and interests (Jewkes 2015) Societies will be subject to moral panic every so often. This is when an event, person or group of people appear to be seen as a threat to societal values and interests (Cohen, 1972). A moral panic is a feeling of fear that is spread to a large quantity of people usually through the media. It is created when an incident or person that is reported and viewed as being an evil threat to society. The media can create the idea of moral panic and there are types of people who are more likely to be targets of a moral panic such as, those who commit serious offences, those who behave antisocially, those who chose a different lifestyle from what is considered the 'normal ' and people who fail to conform consensually.
We are saturated with messages propagated by mass media. Through this, it has the ability to be especially harmful when comparing gender, race and/or class on the grounds that it constructs negative perceptions of those involved. Furthermore, reinforcing them on a daily basis albeit through cinema or advertising. It offers the public a way to frame what subcultures do and proves to be notoriously problematic because they often lack the state of being precise. Media is still vital because it can be used to socialize and on the other hand to make decisions and formulates opinions: it builds up the notoriety of vices.
Social isolation, poor housing, unemployment and poverty are all linked to mental ill health. So stigma and discrimination can trap people in a cycle of illness. 5 The situation is exacerbated by the media. Media reports often link mental illness with violence, or portray people with mental health problems as dangerous, criminal, evil, or very disabled and unable to live normal, fulfilled lives. Research shows that the best way to challenge these stereotypes is through firsthand contact with people with experience of mental health problems.
The media makes the severity of the situation much worse. In some instances, a situation is represented in way that conveys a case as deceptive. Police misconduct, in this situation, is preposterously distorted. For example, the scene one sees on television may be completely inaccurate. In the article Unpacking Public Attitudes to the Police: Contrasting Perceptions of Misconduct with Traditional Measures of Satisfaction, Miller states, “…research found that people's fear of crime was related to crime content in the newspapers they read…”( 6).
It has already been explained why the statement of common sense; “People with Mental Illness are violent.” is inaccurate from the psychological point of view, however many still believe it mainly due to the constant exposure to a misrepresentation of people with mental illness by the media. Between 1950 and 1996, a longitudinal study on the attitudes of people in America towards mental health found that, “the proportion of Americans who describe mental illness in terms consistent with violent or dangerous behaviour nearly doubled.” (Pescosolido, et al., 1996, Pescosolido et al., 1999). During this time, a content analysis performed for the National Institute of Mental Health by Gerbner, Gross, Morgan, & Signorielli in 1981found that 73% of all characters depicted as mentally ill in American television dramas were portrayed as violent, and 23% were shown to be homicidal. While one on stories from the United Press International database found that 86% of all print stories dealing with violent crime and former mental patients had a form of murder as the focus of the article (Shain & Phillips, 1991). Even till today, majority of published news articles on mental illness focus on either negative characteristics related to individuals suffering from mental disorders or medical treatments, and positive stories on the recovery
Introduction It is quite often that humanity has heard about the destructive behaviors of those with psychiatric disorders. The way these disorders impact specific individuals (and others they associate with) have begun to be expected. This is mostly due to the fact that the media portrays the most violent of acts associated with these disorders all the time on TV. However, a similar situation is presented when humankind discusses personality disorders—lesser known disorders that can inevitably do the same things that a psychiatric disorder can do, and it can be just as challenging to treat. With this in mind, it is of the utmost importance to understand these disorders and work with individuals who have these disorders in order to create
I suggest that the media institutions and firms, particularly marketers and advertisers, should consider business Ethics in the media, ethical aspects of the use of women and sexuality as a marketing instrument, and they may test how sexual and violent contents affects and influence viewers’ attitudes towards the media institutions. To conclude unethical media is huge problem that has many effects on both individuals and society, especially children. moreover it increased now by the appearance of the new technology and the internet. Many media institutions are violating the major ethical rules by using sexuality and violence. Given the fact that the media institutions use sexuality and violence as a marketing instrument in order to attract more viewers or consumers, it means that the media companies are trying to market themselves or their products at the expense of ignoring business ethics.
Having explored the supremacy of media we shall now look into the manner media shapes our perception of mental health. Further, we would suggest the role that media can play to improve the mental health scenario. Mental health is associated with plentiful baseless stigma and misconceptions. Public perception of mental illnesses points towards the lack of awareness among masses. Most of the information that public have about mental illnesses comes from print and electronic media.
violence, aggression. and inhuman ways of crimes as' shown in the crime re-enactment shows. Increase in sensationalism and violence in the crime re-enactment shows having such impacts on the audience which \\ ould disturb the information function of media There is a lot of fear about the content of the crime re-enactment shows these days wh ich often does not serve the mission of Journalism that is information the public (true and subjective ). The media is known to be the most powerful means of communication. Media IS to be the voice for the voiceless in the society and be a public watchdog.
The legalization of drugs has been at the center of interminable debate. Drugs have widely been perceived as a dominant threat to the moral fabric of society. Drug use has been attributed as the source responsible for a myriad of key issues. For instance, it is believed that drugs have exacerbated the already weak status of mental health in the United States in which some individuals suffering from mental illness administer illicit substances such as heroin or cocaine in an attempt to self-medicate. Moreover, drugs are blamed for turning auspicious members of the community into worthless degenerates.