The doctors used methods such as, scalding baths, sleeping bags, and even forcing copulation. The best method they found to work was to place the victim in a warm bath and raise the temperature slowly. While its not known how many people the Nazis used for these experiments it is know that between 80 to 100 people were killed during the tests. The research for hypothermia has been used on and off in modern situations but it is still neglected a lot of the time. It has been proven that the cold kills 20 times more people every year than the
Both countries engaged with IBM technology and resources such as the “IBM punched card” to keep their records in order. This situation was more than a contribution from IBM; it was a business deal. Historians like Edwin Black have efficiently reported how IBM became Germany’s technology provider and played an essential and critical role in areas such as Hitler’s rearmament program in which they could register information that would become a vital component key to Nazi supremacist parliamentary politics. When Hitler came to power in 1933, IBM already existed. Hitler’s principal motivation as the Nazi leader was the extermination of Jewish people.
Heissmeyer was discovered in 1959 working in his TB clinic in East Germany. At his trial, he said: "For me there was no basic difference between human beings and guinea pigs”.25 At Dachau from August 1942 to May 1943 freezing experiments were conducted for the benefit of the German Air Force. 26 The experiments were done to investigate how to treat people severely chilled or frozen. Two types of experiments were done; the first were by ice water and the second were dry land experiments.27The ice water experiments were to test how to rewarm pilots who crashed into the sea and the dry land experiments were to test how to rewarm troops fighting in deep snow and freezing temperatures. Walter Neff testified on December 17-18, 1946 the experiment was done in a wooden basin two meters long and wide.
A year later, Himmler appointed Theodor Eicke as Dachau concentration camp commander. In 1939, Eicke was replaced by Richard Glücks, who took the job as Inspector of Concentration Camps and held this position until the camp closed in 1945. The German Security Police had the responsibility to arrest, release, execute, and to order disciplinary punishment. Prisoners could be confined in concentration camps indefinitely for not doing anything wrong, having charges to a specific crime, upon release from prison or court, and lastly because the police authorities thought an individual was a danger to German society. For prisoners whose behavior was criminal related but considered non-political, the Criminal Police officers issued a “preventative arrest.” Under these orders, jews were incarcerated in the concentration camps.
On December of 1946, an American military tribunal proceeds against German physicians who conducted medical experiments on thousands of concentration camp prisoners without consent, which in most cases resulted in disfigurement, permanent disability, or death (“Human Experiments in History”, n.d.). The experiment conducted during the Holocaust included attempts to genetically manipulate twins, malaria experiments, immunization experiments, exposure to chemical gasses and diseases, freezing experiments, among other cruel experiments. The crimes were formed as part of the Nuremberg Trial and in 1948 it led to the development of the Nuremberg Code of medical ethics. The code states that “The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential,” and that the benefits of research must overweight the risks (Shuster, 1997). Additionally, the code states that experiments will avoid all unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury (Shuster, 1997).
The Nuremberg Trial was the moment in history when sixteen German physicians were found guilty of crimes of war, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy for their actions during World War II. The trial led to the implementation of the Nuremberg code: a set of principles created to improve the ethical and moral treatment of research participants. Multiple criminal actions were taken by physicians during the war. Coleman quotes the trial transcripts when stating the physicians, “…took a consenting part in… medical experiments without the subjects’ consent…in the course of which experiments the defendants committed murders, brutalities, cruelties, tortures, atrocities, and other inhuman acts.” (Coleman et al. 17).
"Eyewitness Auschwitz" by Filip Muller is a true eyewitness account of his life in Auschwitz. Filip Muller is originally from Sered,Slovakia and was transported over to Auschwitz concentration camp. The Memoir began with Filip Muller in the Auschwitz I main camp where he was by Vacek to the cap off and cap on drill until exhaustion. (Pg. 1-3) The next location in Auschwitz that he was brought to was called the Crematorium where he would have the generators declickered; the dead dragged to ovens for cremation, coke had to be brought in; ashes had to be raked out, and finally the Crematorium had to be cleaned and disinfected.
Some were even hung upside down just to see how long it would take them to choke to death. Other experiments included injecting horse urine into the prisoner’s kidneys, starvation, and exposing these people to extreme, lethal, amounts of radiation. The workers, scientist, and doctors who carried out these experiments called the prisoners used as test subjects “logs” to separate any type of emotional feelings or remorse they may have for what they were doing to these poor
1.3 million people died at Auschwitz, 1,095,000 of those being Jews. Auschwitz had four gas chambers that used Zyklon B gas to kill people very quickly. Approximately 6000 people were gassed every day at this location. After they gassed the people they would usually burn the bodies in a crematorium (Auschwitz). At the concentration camps, they would also conduct medical experiments on some of the patients.
The Nazis used many methods to execute this mass genocide such as gas chambers, concentration camps, and even starvation. An emphasis must be placed on the importance of remembering this terrible time in history to remember the brave Jews that faced this terrible persecution and to help prevent another genocide from occurring in the future. The program recognized three survivors of the Holocaust, who were present. Two former
Before Hitler built his nefarious camps, he started off by murdering Germany’s mentally and physically disabled. This program was called the “euthanasia” program. The term “euthanasia” means “good death”, however, it’s the term for a secretive murder program in the Nazi context. This program was created two years before the commencement of the Holocaust. Adolf Hitler began this process in attempt to cleanse his race of genetic burdens.