yha Sud Baroque Rome F. Giacomini December, 2014 Allegory of the Divine Providence In the seventeenth century, the city of Rome became the consummate statement of Catholic majesty and triumph expressed in the arts, as evident through the Baroque style. Contradiction was inherent in the Baroque period; as it began, painting was governed by decorum, however, as the Baroque progressed, the Church saw art as a means to propagate the messages of the Counter Reformation. The popularity and success of the Baroque was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church, which had decided at the time of the Council of Trent that the arts should communicate religious themes in both direct, and emotional involvement. The aristocracy saw the success of the dramatic
Artists like Bernini and Rembrandt are prime examples of how patronage affects their art, whilst still being part of the baroque era. These Baroque elements are so engrained in the system of patronage that even outside the Baroque era when an artist is commissioned through the patronage system their work can’t help but take on these and other baroque elements. Starting with an artist like Bernini who under the patronage system created some of the most revered sculptures of the baroque era. Born in Naples, Italy Bernini got a lot of his patronage form Italians. One of his more notable patronages includes the sculpture of “The Ecstasy of St. Teresa” which was commission by the Cornaro family for their personal chapel.
This time period became known as the Enlightenment. This movement was a breeding station; ideas about art was exchanged, and Rococo ideals of love and eroticism became less pertinent. Although some Rococo artists continued to paint in their own style, others developed a new kind of art, Neoclassicism. Neoclassicism marked a return to rational principles which protested against the superficial elegance of the Rococo and sponsored a return to classical ideals based on the Greek and Roman models. Marie Denise Villers painted the Marie Josephine Charlotte du val d’Ognes.
Due to the spread of humanism throughout Italy, artists were shaped by the revival of Greco-Roman teachings. The beauty and mystery of the natural world and the importance of education were once again esteemed as they were in Ancient Greece and Rome. To conclude, the spread of humanism and the reemergence of individualism had a major impact on the formation of Italian Renaissance
Commissions from wealthy families, who wanted mythological or literary scenes. Botticelli worked with other painters and his own workshop. In the 1480s, Botticelli created the large format mythological and allegorical paintings, including Primavera and The Birth of Venus, that have become some of his most famous
Because of this and Florence’s growing strength, the 15th century became a period of intense patriotism and civic pride. Florence felt that it had superiority over other Italian cities, and had the strong desire to express this through the use of arts. Florentine patrons wanted the best artists and sculptures to beautify their city so that it would appear to be the most prominent of the principalities in Italy. However, there was not just a rivalry between Florence and the various city states of Italy. There was also a rivalry amongst the different guilds that dominated Florence.
It 's also used as culture, for civilization. Civilization of Ancient Egypt had begun around 3000 BC ("Timemaps.ancientcivilization"). When the Egyptians started to civilize, they were very successful and have created a numerous amount of things, that have made them known. If the civilization of the Egyptians had never came up to or they have never started civilization, Ancient Egypt and Egypt today wouldn 't be big, or what it has come to today, with all
Romanticism, the dominant form of nineteenth century musical expression, is associated with the passion, dreams, emotion, and desire for freedom. In the history of culture, romanticism describes an artistic and intellectual movement against the order and restraint of classicism and neoclassicism. These emotional associations brought music into a commanding position as a link between the artist’s most personal thoughts and the realities of the outside world. According to Alfred Einstein "the Romantic movement made the opera composers specialists because it took its opera more seriously than did the eighteenth century". In this chapter I will focus on Italian Romantic opera and Verdi`s romantic impulses during his career.
“His texts were overtly and covertly propagandistic” and they celebrated the king in literal terms or in allegory (Burkholder, et al. 361). King Louis XIV’s influence can be seen most prominently in Armide’s grand French overture, but also within the undertones of the
The Maesta was painted in Siena which most of its time was at war with Florence, it is believed that Siena won the war because of the grace of Mary, this comes to show the importance of Mary to the Sienese people. In the Maesta the Virgin Mary is portrayed as the central point in the painting. Duccio uses bold colors such as red, gold and dark blue to draw attention to the Virgin Mary. Duccio’s bold use of color introduced greater elegance, another key element to his paintings was that the characters are also drawn with, unrealistic facial features which stands out drastically while analyzing the painting. When analyzing the Maesta you also see the characters in the main panel have a gold circle shaped background behind their heads, each panel has a gold background that depicts the amount of wealth and intelligence the Sienese wanted to claim about to each other.