In Franz Kafka’s “In the Penal Colony,” there is no presumption of innocence whatsoever; there is only presumption. “Innocent until proven guilty.” This presumption of innocence is considered to be the foundation of a civilized criminal justice system, as well as within the fundamental rights of mankind. The Officer says that “guilt is never to be doubted,” and because he was ordained the judge of the penal colony, there is no proper trial or “due process” needed, as all are guilty in the eyes of the one who judges (Kafka, p.198). If the punishments delivered to the guilty were less severe, than there would perhaps be fewer qualms about the system, however the “justice” dispensed by the machine is nowhere near reasonable or humane, dispensing
Torture played a huge role in the powers of the inquisitors. “Document 5: The Case of Marina Gonzalez” in the book The Spanish Inquisition written by Lu Ann Homza, is an example of how important torture was for confessions however torture was ineffective when revealing truths. To torture an entire group of a population, it would have required a very thorough process. An inquisition began with an Edict of Grace after a Catholic Mass, in which those in community who were guilty of heresy were invited to the town center to declare any acts against the church.
In the medieval times torture was considered a normal way to extract information from one person. It didn’t matter if you were telling the truth, once they think you have something to do with a crime or something they might not give up until you are dead. For example the Judas cradle. The judas Cradle is a medieval torture device. The victim would be placed on top ia a pyramid that was similar to a seat but sharp. It was inserted into the victim’s private
When people hear the name Count Dracula, they often picture a vampire with slicked back black hair who has pointy canine teeth. He is white or extremely pale and he wears a suit and a cape. This image comes from Halloween costumes, which are based from the character from Bram Stoker’s 1897 novel, Dracula. The character from Dracula from Bram Stoker’s novel didn’t technically exist, but there was a Count that went by the name of Vlad the Impaler. He was not a vampire; however, he was guilty of committing some pretty violent murders. Separating the legend from facts, and find out why leads to the discovery that Vlad the Impaler was a bigger monster than Bram Stoker could have ever created.
People would not be able to get away with such a cruel action towards other humans, that they might of been allowed to in the Elizabethan era times. Why in the world were punishments for crimes so cruel during the Elizabethan era? In this time period, punishments were a lot more harsh than they are now. People kill others in this time and just get sentenced to life in prison, they are still fed and have shelter. Torture then at that time was used to punish a person for his or her crimes, intimidate them and the group to which he or she belongs, gather information, and/or obtain a confession. During the Elizabethan era, treason was considered as the worst crime a person could ever commit. There were many torcherous forms of punishment in the Elizabethan era that ranged from burning, or stretching, hanging, to suffocating a person accused of a crime.
The goals of torture were to intimidate, deter, revenge or punish. Torture was also used as a tool or a method for the extraction of information or confessions. Torture was even used to satisfy personal hatred. Until the second century AD, torture was used only on slaves. A slave’s testimony was only valid if extracted by torture. Torture was used almost exclusively for the crime of treason. In civil society this meant in practice that torture was mainly confined to monarchs and the highest nobles. The penalty for treason by men was to be hanged, drawn, and quartered. The penalty for woman traitors was to be burned at the stake. Torture was used for numerous reasons.
The medieval times lasted from the 6th century to the 16th century. The medieval era wasn 't a pleasant time for people to be alive as it was a time were punishments and trials were really harsh and dangerous. During this time, it was easy for people to commit a crime. Crimes that are now seen as something insignificant were perceived as a horrible offence such as sleeping on the streets and talking behind peoples back. The society in the medieval times were organized by the feudal System. This essay will mention some of the crimes and punishments; it will also explain the differences between the medieval times and the modern times.
Common torture methods were beating, burning, drowning, poisoning, and stretching a criminal 's body. Cutting off limbs, such as fingers, toes, and ears were also a typical form of torture. These punishments were considered normal and not excessive at all. The following unusual punishments and people seem exceedingly cruel, but it was an everyday sight of the 16th century (Lestikow).
The Middle Ages or Medieval Period lasted from 476 CE to the 1453 CE. It began with the fall of the Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is divided into three main periods, the Dark Ages, the High Middle Ages and the Late Middle Ages. To a significant extent the nature of crime and punishment, it was very different between social classes during the Medieval Period. This can be seen through the significant groups that were involved in medieval crime and punishment, the effects of a person’s social class on crime and punishment and the punishments given out to different social classes between the Medieval Period and today.
In The Jungle, Upton Sinclair explains how horrible working conditions were for people in the meatpacking industry. Have you ever wondered what effect Upton Sinclair had on American industry? The Jungle is about the poor working conditions and the very poor sanitation in 1906. We will also be talking about the backstory behind Upton Sinclair.
During Elizabethan Era, the punishments given out for certain crimes were often brutal and ruthless. Criminals were handed out their punishments depending on how severe their crimes were. There were a variety of punishments given out, but only a few were frequently used. The torture among the different classes were given out depending on people's role in society.
In this essay, the author suggested that it is not quite black and white to determine if torture is right and wrong. There is space for arguments to determine to what extent torture can be accepted as the right choice of action and to what extent this is not applicable.
In reality torturing includes physical, mental, or verbal to be exact. Article 5 from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights says, “Nobody has the right to torture, harm, or humiliate you. Presently, in the memoir Night by Elie Wiesel in chapter 4 pg.64 says, “I saw Idek with a young Polish girl, half-naked on a mattress. Idek leapt up turned around and saw me while the girl tried to cover up her breasts.” Also on chapter 4 pg.65 states, “Lie down on it, on your stomach!” I obeyed. “Then I was aware of nothing but strokes of the whip.” In this chapter Eliezer caught Idek sleeping with a Polish girl and Idek see’s Eliezer and punishes him by giving him 25 lashes on his back with a whip. Accordingly, to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Eliezer's 5th Article of human rights was broken by Idek because he was tortured by Idek for no apparent
During the Elizabethan era (1558-1603) thousands were tortured for the truth. However, many were tortured and gave false truths just to make the pain stop. It was more common for men to be tortured for information. One of the most common ways of torturing men for information was with the rack. The rack was a torture device that the victim would be tied too laying down. Once the victim was tied
“Brown Note” Myth Busters. Discovery channel. Artarmon 16 Feb. 2005. Television. In this episode they test one way of torture. It was more based on mental resistance as it didn’t inflict physical pain. It shows that one mental health has a lot to do with how effective torture is. Somebody who is used to stress should be able to resist longer than somebody who isn’t.