Medieval Europe was the time period after the fall of the Roman Empire. During this time period, Europe was divided into several kingdoms. Lords had manors and peasants that lived on their land, working in exchange for protection. They never left the land; there was no trade. Kings and Queens were in charge of kingdoms. The head of the Catholic church, the Pope, had great influence over everyone, from knights to peasants. The Pope often had power struggles with Kings. As head of the church, the Pope believed that they had the power to crown anyone they wanted to. The Kings didn’t agree. During the Middle ages, the other half of the Roman Empire was being weakened by the spread of Islam. The Byzantine Empire was growing smaller and weaker. …show more content…
When Pope Innocent lll heard this news, he was furious. Zara was a Christian city, and it was wrong for an army of Christians to attack it.(Gale) Some of the Crusaders protested and Pope Innocent III called it off. Nevertheless, the Crusaders ignored him and proceeded to conquer Zara for the Venetians.(Gale) The Crusaders and the Venetians that aided them were excommunicated from the church for their actions.
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In holding off the various attacks, the Byzantines kept Western Civilization Christian instead of it being converted to Muslim. The Christian Church of Constantinople and the Christian Church of Rome also split due to an argument over some spiritual interpretations of the Bible. If it was not for the Byzantines most of Western Civilization would be Muslim and not Christian.
Kate Foley Ms. Zisel Global 9H April 2nd, 2017 The Middle Ages was a time of destruction and redemption for the people of the Roman Empire between A.D. 500-1400. The best description of this time period can be represented by four terms, the Golden Age, the Dark Age, the Age of Faith and the Age of Feudalism. Each time caused for a significant change in society that had a tremendous impact. From the troubling times of invasions and destructions to a time of prosperity and progression, the best terms that describe the Middle Ages are the Dark Ages and the Golden Ages.
Why did the social, economic, and political life impact Europe so much in the Middle Ages. To start off, in the Middle Ages, people’s social lives were greatly influenced by their ranking in the feudal system. The feudal system greatly impacted how people could get jobs. Nobles were granted land from the Kings and they started their own little manor. The nobles would give knights land as long as they would go to battle with the noble.
This was a result of the constant invasions from the Vikings, Muslims, and Magyars; kings couldn't defend their lands and people no longer looked to a central ruler for security (Doc 7). The Northmen, Vikings, plundered, then burned, towns; most of Europe was an easy target after Rome fell. Also, Charlemagne's three feuding grandsons broke apart Europe and defense became weak (Doc 8). The following reasons support the Dark Ages as being the best label to describe the medieval
Urban II was the pope from 1088 to 1099 when he died. His role in society was important because he set the foundation for the Roman Catholic Church. He influenced many other clerics and noblemen to stick up for Christian faith, so the Catholics could get what they truly deserved out of this world. Urban II’s greatest accomplishment was the crusades. Europe’s economy deeply excelled during these years, which turned this country into an economic role model.
Proponents of the Crusade asked for ships for 35,000 crusaders, but only 11,000 men showed up at Venice, therefore, the crusaders could not fully pay the Venetians. The Doge of Venice suggested that the crusaders attack and give Zara back to Venice, he would release them from their obligation. Pope Innocent preached to go to Egypt, the crusaders took it upon themselves to go to Zara, a Christian city. As a result, they violated the principle of the crusading mission because they attacked their own people rather than their
The Dark Ages Imagine yourself in a dark building not knowing what’s around each corner. You make your way through this building facing disease, hunger, war, pressure, and being stuck on the bottom floor of the building. This is exactly how the middle ages were. During the middle ages citizens were forced into religion and faced the issues following feudalism, hunger, disease, and war.
Another reason why the middle ages were referred to as dark is because of the decline in production of culture. “The passage illustrates medieval education, which was provided primarily at monasteries or church schools and was not available to most people” (Doc E). This was the adapters note from a passage about a monk who went to Chartres to study Hippocrates and it says how education was not provided for most people, which explains why there was a decline in culture because only very little could get educated. “I learned the ordinary symptoms of diseases and picked up surface knowledge of ailments. This was not enough to satisfy my desires” (Doc E).
Knights, castles, warfare is one way to describe the way of the Middle Ages of Europe. During the Middle Ages many wars like the Crusades I, II, III, and IIII were some of biggest wars and most famous that happened in Europe’s history along with the black Death being the biggest disease at the time. These events happened in Jerusalem, France, Damascus, Syria, Israel, Istanbul, and Turkey on November 18th, 1096-1099, 1147-1149, and 1189-1192. Many people died during these events, but also many other people grew like Richard the lionheart. Also many artistic items like certain buildings are still standing in Europe today that have led to more artistic creations.
Medieval Europe was a time of war and conflict between different peoples. One of the most important military endeavors of the time was called the Crusades, which was a campaign of Christian attempts to take Jerusalem from the Muslims, who occupied it at the time. Spread over several hundred years, many bloody battles were fought over the holy city. The Crusades involved the two largest religions on the continent and impacted a massive amount of people. The battles irreparably changed the lives of everyone they touched, turning peasants to knights and nobles to slaves.
Bishops gained a lot of power with control of church memberships, finances, and the selection of priests. In 590, “Gregory the Great was named Bishop of Rome…and named himself ‘Pope’ and the ‘Head of the Universal Church.’” He was the key to asserting papal primacy and started the requirement of confession and penance. He also worked to convert the pagan kings, hoping more people would follow in their footsteps. With the belief that Constantine left his crown to the papacy, the future Popes had the power to crown the emperor acting as god’s representative.
Though Western Europe was isolated from trade with Asia during most of the Middle Ages, the Crusades and books by travelers like Marco Polo kept Europeans interested in the lands east of the Mediterranean Sea. Stories about the riches of China and India, and the limited availability of goods like silk and spices from those areas fueled European desire for adventure and profit.
The medieval times lasted from the 6th century to the 16th century. The medieval era wasn 't a pleasant time for people to be alive as it was a time were punishments and trials were really harsh and dangerous. During this time, it was easy for people to commit a crime. Crimes that are now seen as something insignificant were perceived as a horrible offence such as sleeping on the streets and talking behind peoples back. The society in the medieval times were organized by the feudal System.
Medieval Warfare In the Middle Ages, taking down a castle and conquering a King’s empire meant obtaining land and gaining power, and this was done by means of medieval warfare. The development of new modes of warfare led to both fatality and victory of the English and French among the battlefield. Warfare throughout the medieval era incorporated the use proficient knights,suitable weaponry, and savvy techniques, all of which advanced during the ages and were key to defending an empire and successfully gaining victory during battle.