He cared more about people getting along than equal rights. However, it getting along plays a major role in equal rights. Speaking of this, the Brown v. Board case come to mind. This case is about a man trying to enroll his colored daughter in an all-white school and got denied because of her race. The father took the case to the Supreme Court.
Finally, the article states “As Homer Bigart reported… ‘An impressive show of federal force cowed racist agitators at Central High School this morning, permitting the integration of nine Negro students without serious disorder.’” This depicts integrity because federal force did the right thing by assimilating a different race into the all-white school with little to no issues arising. For these reasons, the text “The Little Rock 9” shows integrity. In conclusion, perseverance, adaptability, and integrity can be found in “The Lost Boys,” “A Lifestyle Lost,” and “The Little Rock 9.” As Thomas Jefferson said, “When we see ourselves in a situation which must be endured and gone through, it is best to make up our minds to it, meet it with firmness, and accommodate everything to it in the best way practicable.
Little Rock Nine is known as an Epic event. An Epic event consists, of an outstanding hero, have Epic traits, the setting is vast, the actions are of great valor, have supernatural forces and determines the future of the people. Little Rock Nine were nine African Americans who opposed racial segregation in public schools by attending all white schools. The group consisted of Melba Pattillo, Ernest Green, Elizabeth Eckford, Minnijean Brown, Terrence Roberts, Carlotta Walls, Jefferson Thomas, Gloria Ray, and Thelma Mothershed. The students attended school on the second day of school, but the governor of Arkansas sent police to block the entrance of the school.
In 1877, when the Reconstruction era ended, inequality and injustice towards black people was present more than ever. The 14th Amendment granted blacks the American citizenship and an equal protection in front of the law, whereas the Civil Rights Act of 1875 granted also protection in public places such as theaters, hotels, or restaurants. Unfortunately, after the Civil Rights Cases in 1883, the Supreme Court outlawed that equal protection does only apply from governmental infringement. Private Citizens like railroad conductors can argue that they are acting according to the State’s law. The case Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) is a good example in which the Supreme Court “upheld a Louisiana law requiring segregated railroad cars” (Boyer 609).
A group of African-American students decided to integrate Central High School in Arkansas, they were faced with a white mob and the governor did not agree with these actions. The students still found a way in but left shortly after. The action of Little Rock segregating students was also a violation of the 14th amendment. The Civil Rights March in Washington was an event led by Martin Luther King Jr. in 1963 that was a peaceful protest
Syncretism • Syncretism is the union or the attempted union of divergent religions, cultures, schools etc. In other words, syncretism is the amalgamation of polar opposites. An example of syncretism is the era of Ruby Bridges. Ruby Bridges attended an all-white school in the 1960s. This is an example of syncretism because the people of Louisiana let Ruby Bridges, the first African American, to attend the all-white school of William Frantz Elementary School.
Three major problems starting with segregation. Though brown vs. the board of education had already happened ending segregation in schools. Seventeen states had refused to accept it and made it illegal for any ethnic race from attending school. In 1966 African Americans went on strike concerning their educational opportunities. In 1968 Mexican Americans went on stroke demanding bilingual education, the teaching of their culture and better treatment from white teachers.
One part that plays a big part in segregation still existing today is endorsed in the film I mentioned early called “A Tale of Two Schools.” The film brought up a fact about the ethnicity percentage of the dominant White school that Owen attended with the demographics having 77% White and 8% Black, while David’s deprived Black school had a percentage of 80% Black and zero for White (“A Tale of Two Schools”). Even though this is still a split system, the laws have changed over time, especially during the Civil Rights Movement and it has some percent of Black students to join the White education system causing a change over time. Nonetheless, this minor improvement has helped the community be more diverse but segregation overall still exists. Another way segregation negatively impacted Black schools is when the United States Supreme Court decision with the Brown vs. Board of Education concluded “segregated schools were inherently unequal and therefore unlawful” (Palardy). The problem of segregation schools in society also not only impacted Black schools’ academic instruction and resources, but also had caused the schools’ Black students to possibly have “…negative social-emotional and behavior consequences” (Palardy).
In 1896, the Supreme Court upheld the policy of segregation by legalizing” separate but equal” facilities for blacks and whites. But substance of racial segregation is a kind of racial discrimination. Segregation means, the division of the people’s rights is based on their ethic background. At that time, the blacks won’t go to the white-shop, and the blacks won’t went to the white-school. But during 1955 and 1963, the rise of the Civil War Movement eventually led to desegregated.
Additionally, in the years hence the Little Rock Nine, the southern state of Arkansas’ atmosphere has changed considerably. Melba and the Nine “returned to Central High School for [their] first reunion in 1987, [and] many Little Rock residents, white and black, greeted the nine of [them] as heroines and heroes” (Beald 3). Thirty years after the Arkansas integration scandal, people began to change their views on segregation and the value of colored people. It took years, but as time passed, people treated people of color as equals and respected integration. This proves how time influences one’s views.
The door on the 1963 side of the cartoon had said “Alabama Public Schools, whites only”(1963-political cartoon). During segregation times between blacks and whites, schools forbid blacks from going to school with the whites. They were required to go to a separate school, just like how they had to ride on separate sections of trains and buses. This has evolved over time because today, students of every race and color go to school together with no more segregation. The second door in the cartoon represents 2011 and says “Alabama Public Schools, No Latinos”(2011-political cartoon).
Two years after the events that took place in Topeka, Kansas, the court ruled that forced segregation was unconstitutional. Since the case, education for Hispanics has been working towards complete equal rights. Education for Hispanics is a major part of the Chicano civil rights movement because of the way that integration happened
Little Rock, Arkansas. The importance of Little Rock Arkansas in the civil rights movement is the power of endurance nine black teenagers showed when attempting to become the first African- American students to enroll in Little Rock High School. Although legally the children should have been allowed easy entry into the school, it turned out to be a much larger ordeal. In 1954 U.S Supreme Court made Segregation in American public schools illegal. The names of the 'Little Rock Nine ' who had been enlisted by Daisy Bates were Thelma Mothershed, Terrence Roberts, Ernest Green, Melba Patillo, Gloria Ray, Jefferson Thomas, Elizabeth Eckford, Minnijean Brown and Carlotta Walls.
Another success was in 1955 when the court decreed that desegregation in the southern states should proceed. Next, there were nine African American students chosen to attend an all-white school in Arkansas in 1957. Although it was not an easy task for the new students,
In 1957, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas’s decision, segregation in public education violated the Fourteen Amendment, but Central High School refused to desegregate their school. Even though various school districts agreed to the court ruling, Little Rock disregarded the board and did not agree to desegregate their schools, but the board came up with a plan called the “Blossom plan” to form integration of Little Rock High despite disputation from Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus. Desegregating Central high encountered a new era of achievement of black folks into the possibility of integrating public schools, and harsh resistance of racial integration. Although nine black students were admitted into Little Rock harsh violence and