By late 1400s, Indians were part of diverse & complex societies 3. Archaeologists and anthropologists divide Native Am. history into several phrases a. Beringian period - ended 14,000 years ago i. initial migration b. Paleo-Indian period – 14,000 to 10,000 years ago i. big
The Anasazi were an Indian Tribe, whose disappearance still remains to be a mystery today. They were a civilization built in as early as 1500 B.C… occupying what is known as the four corners (Roberts, David 2003). After building their cliff side pueblos, it is said the Anasazi abandoned their homes and belongings in Mesa Verde and left in a hurry. Based on the Navajo language, the word Anasazi translates as “ancient enemy” (“10 facts about Anasazi” 2015). They are thought to be the ancestor of the modern pueblo Indians.
Women in these tribes were farmers because they took care of the food that was made in the households. Not only were women in charge of taking care of the families and controlling the house, but they also fought as warriors. Although there were differences in the two genders and their roles in society, each had mutual respect for one another as they realized they were essential to the survival of the tribes. (Indians.org) In the Cherokee tribe, men and women also dressed differently from each other.
They would teach children the tribe’s history. They also shared stories with the young children. Men and women taught children about Native American art, music, and dance. Both men and women also served as providers of the Native Americans’ medicines. Children had their own jobs too.
In hunting and gathering communities, women had a very high status because they gathered most of the food. When agriculture was beginning to become more common, men worked in the fields and women were provided with a less important role. Laws tended to be favored more towards men and women had the responsibility of raising children, doing housework, and cooking. Women also could not have any political standing in both the Paleolithic and Neolithic Revolutions. Overall, despite the fact that women held a higher role in the Paleolithic Revolution, society tended to favor men to control and provide to the
Some of their jobs are to make and dismantle lodges and tipis, collect wild plants and firewood, cook, hauled water, make house hold items such as pottery and clothing, and transported possessions on foot. Women also brought most of the food sometimes. Due to a life of hard work and frequent childbearing women usually died at a young age. The men did a mix of the women 's jobs and their jobs.
1. Paleo-Indians Paleo-Indians are described as the initial Americans, those who set forth the preliminaries of Native American culture. They trekked in bands of around fifteen to fifty individuals, around definite hunting terrains, establishing traditional gender roles of hunter-gatherers. It is agreed that such Paleo-Indians began inhabiting America after the final Ice Age, and that by 1300 B.C.E. human communities had expanded to the point of residing in multiple parts of North America. As these early Native Americans spread out, their sites ranged anywhere from northern Canada to Monte Verde, Chile.
In a family there are many different roles; there's the role of the mother, the father, the child, the grandparents, then there’s the brothers and sisters. Every single one of those roles has different responsibilities. The father, according to most of society, is supposed to be the breadwinner for the family. However, nowadays the mother is actually quite capable of being the breadwinner just as much of as the father. As they work to show their children what it is to be an adult they are teaching them as well on how to be an active member of society.
Girls typically are assigned the role of caretaker and nurse for the younger children. The girls are trained to take care of the infants, which allows for the children’s mother to go out and gather. Boys are not typically given the role of caretaker for the younger siblings. This chore delegation forces girls to stay closer to the camp while the boys can venture farther off. In addition, this chore shapes passivity and a nurturing side in young girls, creating small gender roles at a young age.
The final is late Caddo from A.D. 1400-1600. In the early Caddo period the Caddo tribe reached its heyday, a time for a culture when it has wealth, power, and prestige. In the middle period the Caddo grew in size, therefore needing more villages, more farms, and more hamlets or small
It was no secret that men of this era were more powerful than women. Burkholder explains that men made, “political decisions, and dominated the lucrative economic activities.” (Burkholder, 240). Women served the purpose of bearing children and working around the house. Elite women however were the exception, as many held claims to mines, agricultural properties, and real estate.