Two are duties to ourselves - namely that of cultivating our intellectual talents and preserving ourselves (hence forbidding suicide), and two are duties to others, namely honesty in promises and helping them to achieve their own ends (G 4:29-30). I will discuss the plausibility (and implausibility) of two of these examples. First, to discuss the most plausible of these examples, I will assess our duty toward others to contribute to the fulfillment of their ends. This example encourages that we not only refrain from taking away from other’s happiness but that we actively and positively work to contribute to others’ happiness (G 4:430). I think that this is plausible and effective because, as Kant argued, if this standard was universalized - in other words, if everyone worked to contribute to their own, and to each other’s happiness and wellbeing - we can potentially actualize the virtues of harmonious and respectful coexistence.
In other words, Kant attach an importance to people’s instinct or characteristics, Mill gives weight to promoting happiness and dissolution of the pain. Mill actually believes that people could not survive by only thinking themselves. In other words, people could not become more selfish as much as Kant stated because life force people to give importance to others. Since, they may be succeeding what they desire to do when they help each other on their necessities. Mill defends that people can accomplish individually of aims and closures ought to be considered some portion of their happiness.
These values are rén, yì, lî, zhì, xì, and xiào or benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, honesty, and filial piety respectively. According to Confucius, one should constantly be making an effort to continue studying and cultivating these values in order to be an ethically superior person: Confucius said, “The superior man does not seek fulfillment of his appetite nor comfort in his lodging. He is diligent in his duties and careful in his speech. He associates with men of moral principles and thereby realizes himself. Such a person may be said to love learning.” In this way, self-cultivation is very important in learning and refining one’s virtues should he follow the Confucian
Also, the word “delight” in the second quote, means to be happy, and to live life full and happy as a human being on earth (Professor Magagna, 2015). Professor Magagna also brings out an idea from Mencius, that human nature is already bad. Therefore, if the children are bad, are you going to save him or her? In general, everyone will give an answer that they will save the children, but if I ask you why you will go save the children, what will be you answer? You will answer “yes” that you will save the children is because of the way that we are born with and the way we are raised up, and it is also things that out family and school have taught us about.
Confucianism’s focus is on the social stance and everyday life of a person. Confucius, the proponent of Confucianism, mentions that humans are inherently social creatures that have the capacity of goodness, and if followed, it leads to greater social harmony. A “superior man” in Confucianism is someone who acts in a way which is acceptable by the society around him. Confucianism basis its theories on the Tao or the Way, which could be understood in a moral sense as the right way of life. Through personal and communal endeavor, humans can perfect themselves thus perfect the state and the family.
But having a positive standpoint on it, makes love a special gift and perfect emotion for one self. Help oneself and others. Things might have gone wrong along one’s path but one must know that he could for assistance and guide. One must have abandoned pride and excessive ego on one’s self. Love is a powerful effect of one’s life.
This part of the theory is the ability to make important decisions keeping in mind the positive and negative parts of human nature, and effectively deal with life’s unpredictability. Papa Smurf exhibits this with his leadership skills. He does not rely on scare tactics to rule his smurfs, but instead he relies on love, and this makes him a
Based on the optimistic view of Rogers, free will is an crucial part of human nature and man can himself determine the path of his life. By looking at this view, man must tries to step forward in the path of self-growth, should have the power to solve his problems and take the matters into his hands. The humanist perspective stresses the necessity of freedom in all aspects of economical, cultural and political life, and believes in that morality which connects human values with worldly relationships so that he can move further towards freedom and happiness. Waiting for Godot deals with the same humanistic concerns, but it provides the evidence to excavate the
However, there are many similarities. This, above all, the desire for a cleaner, spiritual life that is a life in which there is a higher meaning. Faith is necessary to man as the spiritual principle, which allows it to rise above the ordinary, rise above the ordinary interests and concerns. In addition, it is faith that allows a person to develop the best qualities of his soul, as the regulations of religion, such as the commandments of Jesus Christ, restrain the vices of man and guide him on the path of life. Faith also saves humanity from the greatest of his fear - fear of death and the unknown void, offering him the idea of eternal life as a reward for earthly trials.
Having learnt this, the individuals are able to spread and share is awareness and insight. By doing so, they achieve the real purpose of culture, which is the creation of an equitable society. To Arnold those who have succeeded in reaching this state of 'perfection ' must instruct others and be altruistic in order to build a sense of evenness and fairness among society, and end social imbalance and conflicts. However, he writes that neither the 'passion for pure knowledge ' or 'the moral and social passion for good doing ' (Arnold, 1822,1888) are sufficient to sustain culture. In fact, Arnold considers religion as an important factor in making culture prevail.