However, after Tzu death, Confucianism was crowned the new philosopher of china. As the newly appointed philosopher, he denies all of Tzu opposing views about mankind, but agrees to Mencius another famous Confucian after Confucius himself optimistic theories. Notwithstanding, Tzu was the first philosopher to develop Confucius observation that holds a general truth, for example “if ain’t broke, don’t fix it” into a system of complete thought that become today one of the significant development of the Chinese philosophy. In contrast, he disagrees with the Confucius ideology of human nature, but accepted his analysis on the importance of education that changed a lot of people throughout the Chinese history to commit their lives relating to serious academic learning. Tzu uses figurative words as a main form of procedure to back up his arguments.
The way Tao - confusiam vs chuang tzu ideas Chantelle Arbic When examining Taoism and Confucianism they might appear to be different, or conflicting one another. When realizing tatisot and consuian are very much in line with concepts the two philosophers are representing differently with their ideas. Tao described as “The way” two both philosophers have a different meaning and even a different view point. Throughout this essay the reader should gain and understanding of both philosophers idea of the way, and see the contrast of similarities and differences between them. The conflicts of differences between confusim and chuang Tzu are the fact that confuisa deals with social structures, politics and education.
Little is known about the author of the Tao Te Ching, Lao Tzu. It is understood that he was an acquaintance and a follower of the philosopher Confucius. Confucius and Lao Tzu both lived in times of turmoil and were founders of religions. Confucius founded Confucianism on the basis that the only way to have true order is by respecting relationships. Lao Tzu, who founded Taoism, understood chaos and order differently.
These two concepts have many similarities, however, there are also some differences between them. The most principal similarity is that both of these notions are concerned with morality and ethics, as Confucius and Plato are philosophers that are famous for their thoughts on what is moral. For both philosophers these concepts are central in their works, which confirms importance of these notoins, Confucius in ‘Analects’ discusses four main sprouts of human: ren (humaneness-the mind’s feeling of pity and compassion), yi (rightness-mind’s feeling of shame and aversion), li (propriety-mind’s feeling of modesty and compliance) and zhi (wisdom-mind’s sense of right and wrong) (2A.6) Plato’s ‘Republic’ is answering the question ‘What is justice?’ where justice is one of the virtues that are discussed by Plato. Both Plato and Confucius do not just define ‘ren’ and ‘virtue’, but also discuss how to achieve them and how virtuous person should behave. Master You [You Ruo] said, "Among those who are filial toward their parents and fraternal toward their brothers, those who are inclined to offend against their superiors are few indeed.
In “Two Kinds” by Amy Tan, Jing-mei discovers herself though rebellion. As the daughter of an immigrant, she feels pressured by her mother to follow the American dream by being a child prodigy. However, as she fails at task after task, Jing-mei’s hopeful attitude shifts. Abandoning her positivity, she determines to underperform at everything she attempts. Jing-mei evolves from an optimistic girl to a spiteful rebel as a defense mechanism against her mother’s pressure, carrying her rebellious identity until she reaches peace later in adulthood.
Lao-Tzu also known as Laozi was an ancient Chinese philosopher, and the author of the book Tao Te Ching, which is the base of the religion Taoism. Laozi is an inspirational figure for many people; even his works influence Confucianism and Chinese Buddhism also. Here are his top 10 lessons on finding happiness in your life Mastering others is strength. Mastering yourself is true power. ― Lao Tzu Any fool can rule others, but it takes courage and mental power to rule your own heart.
His focus on ritual propriety, the Li, influenced his entire body of work, and coloured his views on how all social relationships ought be conducted. He believed in a society with a rigid structure, a contract between peoples, in which protection was reciprocated with loyalty, and all relationships should strive towards sincerity and sacrifice. Confucius had basic principles on which all relationships should be based:
Humans can do what is morally good by following the guidance of the four seeds (Kim.M, 2008) The reason behind these four seeds, is Mengzi’s importance placed on feelings and emotions and how they motivate us to care for others. And by caring for immediate family first is how we can extend to caring for everyone. ‘Serving parents’ is the primary meaning for humaneness, and ‘Respecting elders’, and not just family, is the primary meaning of rightness (Chen.L, 2015). The most basic manifestation of humaneness is to love and serve one’s parents. For Mengzi, humaneness in practice that was extended to non-family members was a moral priority that society prescribed for the good person (Chen.L, 2015).
Book V concerns itself chiefly with the disciples themselves aside that it continues the discussion of “jen”. By directly examining the disciples themselves as well as historical figures. Confucius evaluates their strengths and weaknesses as part of a larger discourse on virtue and goodness by drawing upon these figures as examples. In other books in the text Confucius makes comparisons between the gentleman and what he calls "the small man". This distinction will prove of some importance, particularly when considering the historical context in which these words were presumably uttered.
The principles of yang and yin are one of the oldest and most fundamental concepts in the Chinese philosophy that date back to the 3rd century BCE or earlier. According to this principle, each and every substance in the world has an inseparable and contradictory opposite like old-young, female-male, dark-light etc. The two opposites are said to attract and complement each other and that the core of each substance contains the element of the opposite. 2. The main scripture in Daoism is the Daodejing (Tao Te Ching).