A thick, triangular bone which is known as patella lies anterior surface between the femur and tibia. In each knee joint, there is two pieces of C-shaped cartilage which lies between the surfaces of the femur and tibia. The lateral side of the meniscus is known ad lateral meniscus while the medial side is known as medial meniscus. The major role of the menisci is to absorb the impact load between the femur and tibia and also to provide some degree of stabilization to
The performance of a composite material system depends mainly on the interfacial properties of the reinforcement and the matrix material . The interface controls the interactions between the reinforcement and the matrix and thus affects the mechanical property of the composites. The stress transfer from the matrix to the reinforcement occurs through the interface. The fiber/matrix adhesion plays an important role in the load transfer ability of the interface . Composites with multiscale reinforcements are typically those which contain nano- and micro-scale reinforcements simultaneously .
6. EXCIPIENT PROFILE Polyplasdone XL : Synonyms: Crospovidone, Cross-linked povidone, PVPP, polyvinylpolypyrrolidone. Functional Category: Tablet disintegrant. Applications: It is a water insoluble tablet disintegrant used at 2-5 % concentration in tablets prepared by direct compression or wet & dry granulation method. Description: White to creamy-white, finely divided, free- flowing, practically tasteless, odorless or nearly odorless, hygroscopic powder.
The circular cells gradually fuse with neighbouring circular cells. This happens due to the flow of the visco-elastic molten wax near the triple junction (Fig. 1.2). Therefore, a semi-solid concave meniscus is formed at the triple junction. As a result, surface tension is created which provides stress to the cell walls, leading to their stretching.
The conceptual framework represents the selected methods that may assess and refine this study to a realistic and relevant research. Mycoremediation under bioremediation process was used. This bioremediation process was able to use fungus. In this study we used GanodermaLucidum as mycoremediator based on related studies that were also concerned on treating oil spill. Synthetic oil spill was then analysed before and after the experiment.
One of the primary goals of biomaterials analysis is the development of a matrix or scaffolding system that mimics the anatomy and action of built-in tissue. For this purpose, abounding scholars have explored the utilization of natural macromolecules due to their built-in adeptness to accomplish very specific biochemical, automated and structural roles. Due to their adeptness to function as a constructed extracellular matrix that facilitates cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, these protein-based biomaterials have emerged as potential candidates for abounding biomedical and biotechnological applications. Several proteins have been advised in the development of naturally-derived biomaterials, including collagen, albumin, gelatin, fibroin
Polyamide 6 (PA6) is a high performance engineering plastic used in electrical/electronics, automobile, packaging, textile and consumer applications because of its excellent mechanical properties (Washabourg 1987, Jia et al 2007 and Goyal et al 2008). It has become a strong competitor matrix owing to its high tensile strength and low dielectric constant [Botelho et al 2003 and Li and Zhang 2008]. However, limitations in mechanical properties level, the low heat deflection temperature, high wear absorption and dimensional instability of pure PA6 have prevented its wide range of applications (Choon Kang and Won Chung 2003). Therefore reinforcements are used to improve their properties. The used filler materials are graphite, carbon, wax, polyteraflouroehtylene (PTFE), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), silica , carbon nanotube , carbon fibre and high density polyethylene (HDPE).
According to plant biology, the cells which cover a plant wound are callus cells. The induction of callus formation can be done by placing the plant tissues (after their surface sterilization) on the media in-vitro. . Many types of media are available but the ones which are most used are Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium , woody plant medium  and White's medium . Various plant growth regulators are used for the initiation of callus, such as, equal amounts of cytokinin and auxin result in the production of this unorganized mass of cells.
Fiber has a mechanical strength that help to improve the strengthen of GFRC • Tradisional concrete only using cement, aggregate and water when mixing. • Bending force is stronger due to the presence of glass fibers used • The flexure strength of tradisional concrete is depends on type, size and volume of the course aggregate that being used in the mixing. • GFRC allow for the limitless of the design opportunities. It is because GFRC is more lightweight and easy to be design in many ways • Normal concrete is more weight if compared to the GFRC product and because of that its to difficult to design the concrete in many ways. • GFRC can withstand a high amount of water, erosion caused by weather, alkali and corrosion • due to the size and type of aggregate used is different for each concrete mixture, the durability of traditional concrete is less than