The first major court case to influence our treatment of juveniles today was the Kent v. United States. The case overall, made an impact on the treatment of juveniles today because now juveniles have a right to an attorney, the parents must be notified and either parents or a lawyer must be present during an interrogation, and juveniles must be reminded of his or her right to silence. The main thing that this case influenced was that courts must allow juveniles the right to defend themselves and to be heard when transferring a juvenile over to the adult system.
Between February of 1692 and May of 1693 there was something called the Salem Witch Trials that occurred in colonial Massachusetts. More than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft which was the devil’s magic and 20 people were executed. Eventually, the colony admitted that the trials were a mistake and compensated the families of those convicted. The people that executed the 20 victims because they were accused of witchcraft thought what they were doing was right. So in conclusion the differences between right and wrong was not clear in the past. For Today standards the differences can be either way. Here are some examples that explain this reasoning. You were taught that stealing was wrong but what if it can save a person’s life.
(See Surrogate Decision-Making/No Legal Next of Kin.) A lack of decision- making capacity with inadequate time to find an appropriate proxy without harming the patient, such as a life-threatening emergency where the patient is not conscious. When the patient has waived consent. When a competent patient designates a trusted loved-one to make treatment decisions for him or her. In some cultures, family members make treatment decisions on behalf of their loved-ones. Provided the patient consents to this arrangement and is assured that any questions about his/her medical care will be answered, the physician may seek consent from a family member in lieu of the patient.”
Before the Constitution of 1869, the state’s governor had power similar to that of the President. In 1869, the governor’s powers were basically split among the governor and six additional elected officials. Thus, the Texas executive is referred to as fragmented because the governor’s powers were diluted by the election of other state officials. It is also called a plural executive. The governor’s power is considered moderate but he does have some ways of exerting influence.
Before the Mental Health Systems Act of 1980, people with mental health illnesses were confined to public psychiatric hospitals where they were neglected and poorly medicated. Patients’ needs were unmet due to the lack of knowledge and prevention services which led to a number of deaths of the mentally ill. Due to the lack of services, hospitals were not equipped with early detection or prevention programs that would have reduced the number of hospitalized patients. Before the federal government partnered with the state 's, funding was limiting which led to the government overlooking the individual needs of each community or state. Another problem that needed revision was aftercare. Due to small budgets, aftercare was nonexistent and patients
The role of the criminal prosecutor is to prove that that defendant is truly guilty. It is there job to look at all the evidence that is available and use that evidence to show why it is true that that person committed the crime so that they are prosecuted the way that they need to be. The job of the criminal defense attorney is to look at all the evidence that the prosecutor is bringing forth and to show why that evidence is not reliable or does not have any proof that it is linked to the person being accused of the crimes. It is their job to try to keep the accused person from being sentenced. The judicial officer is the person wills all the power to decide what happens to the person being accused. They are the ones that the information
The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974 is the federal policy that addresses issues and concerns in regards to child abuse and neglect. The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act was sanctioned on January 31, 1974, and gives government subsidizing to States in support of counteractive action, appraisal, examination, indictment, and treatment exercises furthermore gives awards to open offices and philanthropic associations, including Indian Tribes and Tribal associations, for showing projects and tasks. President Nixon was in charge of sanctioning the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974. This act defined child abuse and neglect as "the physical or mental damage, sexual abuse, careless treatment, or abuse of children
Section 4 of ODSPA requires that individuals must have a substantial physical, intellectual or mental impairment to be considered disabled that prevents them from being completely functional in society, and to claim disability benefits, and the disability or impairment would be expected to last at least one year. In addition, the impairment must result in a substantial restriction in any one of these areas: (i) personal care and hygiene; (ii) functioning in the society or community; and/or (iii) ability to work and earn a
In Canada, the parliamentary system features a single executive that represents the country’s majority, headed by the Prime Minister (PM). The Prime Minister’s responsibilities towards the citizens of Canada play a vital role in the Canadian society. In order to understand the great intensity of the power the PM possess, it is essential to understand the functions of the Canadian parliamentary system, and the ways in which the Power of the Prime Minister is excersized and controlled. This essay will demonstrate the degree of power which the PM possess, the constraints, and obligations attached to the position, and -if in any way- that power is taken advantage of, thus plaguing our parliamentary system.
When people think of Louisiana they think about the scenery, the culture, the vibes, and the overall experience that everyone needs to see to believe. When it comes to the Political Institutions of the state of Louisiana there are numerous differences that are key when it comes to analyzing the Legislative and Executive branches of the state.
As a head of our government, the leader of our nation and the individual that Canadians look to for change and prosperity, the Prime Minister (next to the Governor General of Canada) holds the greatest amount of governing power. Democratic parliamentary systems like the one in Canada, compromise with their general population in order to give the people a voice within government. It is important to understand how the parliamentary system works in order to understand what administrative powers the Prime Minister executes and whether they are effective or not. The presence of a responsible government ensures Canadians that the governing body is an elected assembly instead of having a monarch in power. The Prime Minister, citizens of Canada, as
The aim of this essay is to outline the role, function and circumstances for the appointment of the Guardian Ad Litem for the protection of Children in Ireland. Under the Child Care Act 1991 which was the first act that supported the protection of children, a child is defined as “a person under the age of 18 years, apart from a person who is or has been married.
‘it applies to a decision so outrageous in its defiance of logic or of accepted moral standards that no sensible person who had applied his mind to the question to be decided could have arrived at it.’