It is not only the prisoners that are mistreated but the officers as well. Being a correctional officer or art of the staff at a prison does not pay enough considering the risks taken. Some correctional officers have faced mental health issues because of the constant stress that one is under. Oscar Lopez, from Newsweek, has said that former corrections officer Brian Dawe has said in an interview: "You are in a constant state of fight or flight.” Dawe has also said: "We are so understaffed and so overcrowded across our prisons, it's miraculous that we can handle it.” A statistic that proves that mental health issues in prison guards are real is: Corrections officers are twice as likely to commit suicide (Lopez). These officers are very mistreated and put into the lion’s den without much help.
The COI has estimated that since the prison camps establishment in the 1950s, hundreds of thousands of people have died in them. So the very existence of these political prison camps is therefore a permanent and massive breach to the right to liberty and security, and numerous other civil and political rights such as the due process of law. The professionalism that seems to qualify their organisation shows that these facilities, in complete violation
Although a recent survey found more than half of all inmates had some form of mental illness (4), they had developed that mental illness before incarceration. On the other hand, I did find a bit of information regarding the effects of overcrowding on mentally ill inmates. Because many overcrowded prisons are understaffed in medical personal, inmates who are mentally ill often go untreated. Scholars and mental health practitioners have suggested that the combination of adverse prison conditions and the lack of adequate and effective treatment resources may result in some prisoners with preexisting mental health conditions suffering an exacerbation of symptoms (4). Nonetheless, overcrowding is a direct violation of inmates’ Eighth Amendment rights; prohibition of cruel and unusual
Physical and sexual abuse, whether it is reported or not, is a problem that many prisoners face, however, transgender prisoners are key victims of this violence. Transgender inmates are 13 times more likely to be a victim of sexual assault/rape than non-transgender inmates (Brown 2014). Allen J. Beck (2014) reports an alarming result of 39.3 percent of sexual victimisation among transgender inmates in state & federal prisons, along with, 26.8 percent in local jails throughout America. For transgender women, most of them are incarcerated in male prisons based on their gender at birth. This raises significant risks of sexual assault/rape from the other male inmates as they present as a woman with feminie characteristics and demeanour.
More so, “juveniles in adult facilities are at increased risk of being physically and sexually assaulted” (Adolescent Development and Competency Guidebook, n.d., p. 12). A minor may become a victim of other inmates and potentially the staff members. The guidebook also points out, minors are five times more likely than an adult to become a victim of physical or sexual abuse in an adult facility (Adolescent Development and Competency Guidebook, n.d.). Another challenge of putting minors in an adult facility is the staff members are not trained to deal with them. They do not understand the needs and characteristics of an adolescent offender (Adolescent Development and Competency Guidebook, n.d.).
According to De Dreu and Van de Vilert (1997), clear decision procedures are essential, the groups are can actually generate high quality decisions but frequently fail to adopt them as the solution. Without clear decision making procedures in mind, the safety standards and procedures were not met when danger was present on the Titanic. Ultimately, groupthink affected the people aboard the Titanic as many lost their lives due to the lack of life vests, lifeboats, and most importantly, the failure of clear decision-making
The Shawshank Redemption The quality of prison life at Shawshank is very poor. The inmates are not treated with respect or dignity, if they cause any trouble or disturbances they are either beaten or thrown into solitary confinement. They are physically and psychologically abused and their human rights are violated daily. The food they are provided to eat has maggots in it, which is disgusting and no way to sustain a person. Inmates are sexually and physically assaulted by other inmates, and there is little if any protection by the guards.
The negative effects on prison inmates due to solitary confinement are: psychological harm, physical harm, and a greater harm on the individuals in their communities and themselves after they are released. Firstly, one negative effect on inmates due to solitary confinement is the risk of psychological impairment. Extreme isolation, such as solitary confinement, can cause severe and permanent effects on a person’s mental and emotional health (Scientific American, 2013). When they are released from solitary confinement, several inmates continue to suffer from sleep
These criminals then become a bigger threat to society than ever before due to the PTSD they have developed from their experiences. Now, you take a person with depression. They are in a cell all alone because they were put into isolation. Their depression will now increase due to even
Prison Overcrowding and the Death Penalty There are 2.3 million people incarcerated in prison or jail in the United States of America. The United States of America has the highest incarceration of any country in the world. One out of five people in prison is in there for drug crimes (Rabuy, 2017). Prison overcrowding is inhumane and unnecessary to protect society from offenders. Prison overcrowding is due to mandatory minimum sentences, three strikes laws, the war on drugs, and lack of rehabilitation programs.
(2013) and Hopkins Burke (2012). The article from the Huffington Post, titled “Let’s Stop Treating Mental Illness Like It’s a Crime”, discusses concerns with mentally ill persons not receiving proper treatment while incarcerated. Another problem noted is the inability of communities to meet the needs mentally ill individuals within them. The author contends that these factors initiate a cycle that turns jails and prisons into “de facto asylums” with the likely hood that those in need of care will return to jail. This is supported by statistics provided by an article from the Texas Tribune which stated that from a sample of 900 subjects who had been in and out of