Mental Health Philippines

2310 Words10 Pages
1. Introduction
1.1 Background of Study

Mental illness is any disease or condition that influences the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, and/or relates to others and to his or her surroundings. Although the symptoms of mental illness can range from mild to severe and are different depending on the type of mental illness, a person with an untreated mental illness often is unable to cope with life 's daily routines and demands. It is becoming clear through research that many of these conditions are caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological, and environmental factors.

Mental health is considered the foundation for well-being and effective functioning for an individual and for a community. A community of mentally healthy
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However, our country has 46 outpatient facilities, 4-day treatment facilities, 19 community-based psychiatric in patient facility and 15 community residential facilities. The National Center for Mental Health or NCMH is the only government hospital that directly deals with mental illness and is located in the National Capital Region. The National Center for Mental Health houses a total of 35 pavilions / cottages and 52 wards in their 46.7 hectare compound. The center is complete with facilities including its very own infirmary, medical library, sports center, chapel, conference rooms, recreational and sports facilities. However, other government hospitals and medical centers have psychiatry departments also that provides patients with mental health services that are unevenly distributed in the different regions of the country, still with concentration in NCR (NCMH,…show more content…
The study also explores the problems and issues developed in our mental facilities in the Philippines.

1.4 Establishment of Premises (Case Build Up)

1. The National Center for mental health was built in 1925 through the Public Works act 3258. 2. The purpose behind the construction of the Center was to cater the growing population of mentally ill Filipinos.

3. More patients were being admitted compared to those being discharged in the hospital, thus new buildings were constructed in 1941.

4. New buildings was constructed and scattered within the 64 ha. Compound to accommodate the increase of patients.

5. There were no guidelines used in planning the psychiatric hospital.

6. The facility focused on functional efficiency, sacrificing the psychological and social needs of its users.

7. “Hard” facilities cause psychological stress to its users, which is critical in this type of institution.

8. Physical environment is very crucial to its users that a bad design can cause traumatic effects to the users.

9. The theory of supportive design and concepts in planning can provide the psychological and social needs of the
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