In order to raise our self-esteem, the group members will tend to favor their group against other groups. Many things do occur during this process of comparison between an in-group and an out-group; the group members do tend to maximize the differences between their group and other groups. At the same time, they will minimize the differences that might exist between the group members in order to build a bond between them. While doing all these, the group’s members will be more aligned to positive things in the in-group and tend to remember more negative information on the out group (Tajfel & Turner, 1979). Various aspects of Social Identity Theory do exist; the interpersonal-intergroup scope.
Who I identify as, including identifying as a social worker once I graduate, will have some level privilege and power attached to the chosen identities. Gelfand, Sillivan, and Steinhouse (2002) noted that there are may dimensions that influence our personal and professional relationships with others, and these dimensions shape how we see and interact with, include or exclude them, and ways that we oppress or discriminate against them. As a social worker whose clients share my same identity, we may benefit by my having a shared understanding of cultural norms and expectations to reach a common goal. For clients who share commonalities with me, we may benefit by being able to work more collaboratively and possibly a more trusting relationship than one that must be built over time. However, just as similarities can be empowering, I must remember that the client knows best despite our shared identities that may speak otherwise.
Henri Tajfel’s social identity theory hypothesizes that if someone wishes to boost their self-image, based on either personal or social identities, they try to build up their self-esteem. This implies that to be able to feel important and needed in their society, they can improve their self-esteem through personal or group accomplishments. The cognitive process of social categorization establishes the social identity theory. Many social aspects were formed by this theory, such as: stereotyping, favoritism and ethnocentrism. Social identification underlines these attitudes due to social categorization, which can cause competitive behavior.
The process involves self-attributions which refers to the tendency to make inferences about ourselves from direct from direct observation of our behaviour and its consequences. Although all three processes are important, one could be more important than the others to develop and maintain self-esteem at a given time. One of the most important social contexts for the development and expression of self-esteem is the family. For children, family is the most important context because its major function is the socialization and care of the children. Family is the first primary group that children experience, it is the place where our most important identities take shape.
In fact, people do get Insomnia from depression. This is when someone can’t stay asleep or they are staying asleep. Furthermore, The Web MD states that “The inability to get a good night's sleep can have serious consequences on the human body.” Thus, this can lead to fatigue, which is when a person is having difficulties pronouncing words or they are showing signs of tiredness. Equally important, chronic illness can lead to depression. In The Web MD says “The rate for depression occurring with other medical illnesses is quite high and depends on many factors, especially a past history of depression” Thus, this can be from chronic illness from past history, and this can make a person have
Emotional Competence is the ability to identify and manage one’s emotions. This includes knowing how to nourish your emotional state, take turns, delay gratification, and cope with failure and loss. It also involves knowing how to control impulses, use good judgement and adapt emotions in response to other’s emotions and reactions One experience a variety of emotions in life. The word emotion indicates a subjective, affective state that is relatively intense and that occurs in response to something one experience. Emotions are often thought to be consciously experienced and intentional.
James theorized “emotions are perceptions of bodily states” (Oatley, 20). In contrast, Frijda believed emotions were: “not a state, but a whole body process from encoding to action” (Oatley, 22). Three core concepts are thought to accompany emotions. The first is that our emotions occupy our conscious. Secondly, they have the power to induce changes in physiological states.
Social group is a group of people who see themselves and are seen by others as members of this group (Tajfer & Turner, 1979). Tajfel (1979) considers (a group) as a cognitive component, an evaluative component and an emotional component. Thus, he suggested four main basics of social identity theory which are social categorization, social identification, social comparison, and self-esteem achievement (Trepte, 2006).Tajfel (1979) claims that one can only facilitate the process of decoding and encoding messages by defining information into schemes and categories, and it is the same with the other entities in our environment, we divide people into groups to build and comprehend a social interaction (Trepte,
On the other hand, most service front line employees did refer to emotional aspects. In addition, asking people about their experience of understanding has led some to talk about experiences that have been conceptualized in the literature as sympathy, personal distress, or projection (Eisenberg, and Strayer, 1987).. This represents the complexity in fitting our phenomenological findings into the current discourse of empathy research, which makes conceptual distinctions that may not be made experientially. This effort represents an effort to bring the theory in line with the phenomenology of the experience of
Social isolation, poor housing, unemployment and poverty are all linked to mental ill health. So stigma and discrimination can trap people in a cycle of illness. 5 The situation is exacerbated by the media. Media reports often link mental illness with violence, or portray people with mental health problems as dangerous, criminal, evil, or very disabled and unable to live normal, fulfilled lives. Research shows that the best way to challenge these stereotypes is through firsthand contact with people with experience of mental health problems.