Moving forward, the correction’s main goal is rehabilitation, therefore, their main priority is to address the needs of each inmate (who falls under a different special need) to make sure each inmate is getting rehabilitated. Today, I will focus on three types of special needs offenders and describe each one in depth – the juveniles behind bars, the gay and lesbian inmates and their sexuality and sexual correction behind bars, and then finish up with inmates under protective custody. Juveniles, most likely, will be testified in juvenile court and then end up being held in their respective juvenile corrections. That does not always happen though, they could end up being charged as an adult. Their age usually helps decide that –
Substance abuse can cause liver, kidney, intestinal, esophagus, and lung damage. How can the youth receive assistance before they commit any criminal activity? In North Carolina there are numerous ways to receive help. There is a program called Patient Assistance which helps low income, uninsured patients, and receiving medications to help live with their mental health disorders. Another place to receive help with mental health is Carolina Partners in Mental Healthcare, in Raleigh, and Durham.
What can be done The monitoring, prevention and treatment of mental disorders, as well as the promotion of good mental health, are part of the public health goals in prisons. According to World Health Organization (2017), even in resource-limited countries, measures can be taken to improve the mental health of prisoners and prison staffs, which can be adapted to the country’s cultural, social, political and economic environment (WHO, 2017). In the British prisons, some practices and policies have also been implemented, which reflect the positive impacts of prisoners’ mental health and wellbeing. Provide prisoners with appropriate mental health treatment and care. Prisons’ general health services should include regular assessment for prisoners,
Psychologist - a licensed Ph.d or a Psy.D who is trained in tests and measurements. A clinical psychologist can diagnose and treat a mental illness and often specialize in fields such as school, child and adolescent, organizational and family. Phycologists focus more on physiotherapies and treating emotional and mental suffering through behavior interventions. 3. Social worker – a licensed and board-certified individual with master’s level degree.
Psychologist doesn’t only study criminals, they also study the individuals inside the system such as the judge, police officers, prison guards, and several others. Police psychologist can be involved in several ways. One way can be providing advice and counseling for police officers. Another way is making sure officers are fit enough to complete a task as an officer. According to research “Police and public
Fortunately, there might be some “more human” alternatives, however things still look bleak. One way of dealing with troubled inmates is to send them to an “internal clinic where psychiatrists will administer treatment and medicine, and the less seriously mentally
When individuals are sent to prison proper treatment can’t be obtained; drug abuse goes beyond physical and needs to be handled with proper treatment in a hospital. According to The Sage Journal “Scholars argued that incarceration was ineffective for drug-dependent offenders because it did not address the specific needs of these offenders, namely, the social and psychological correlates of drug addiction.” (Warren.Vol.26). In a hospital setting drug addicts can receive treatment such as detoxing, counseling and psychological
In jail prisoners are constantly monitored and checked everywhere they go. This is done because they are not trusted to make the right choices. When grounded parents might take the door down in a room to keep constant eye on the child. Searching the room and the child for anything they should not have as well. Privacy is taken away from both to force a change.
Higher Efficiency In a study completed by the U.S. Department of Justice, jails reported being better able to manage and control inmates with mental illness when they had specific positions responsible for handling crises and treatment, (Steadman and Veysey, 1997). This plays an important role in the reduction of violence within prisons. If jails don’t feel equipped to supervise or control mentally disordered inmates, then they may be less efficient at doing their job, which could lead to violent behavior. One of the types of treatment in this study was short term treatment, through case management services. This is when an inmate is assigned to a case manager, who facilitates the inmates in having access to the resources they need.
Furthermore, it’s not a surprise that inmates while in jail have sexual encounters and use drugs. When in prison, inmates are told they are not to engage in sexual encounters or drug use but this doesn’t stop them. Since facilities don’t condone either behavior they don’t supply condoms or clean needles which poses an alarming threat of spreading HIV among inmates. This is growing a problem for correctional officials to deal with because of, as mentioned above, patient confidentiality. Although, if an HIV inmate has exposed others in a facility notification of possible transmission is to be released in order for other inmates or officers to get tested.