In conclusion, the rationale for the deinstitutionalization movement was fueled by reasons that tie directly to, “cost.” Some of the worst decisions are made trying to save a penny (Pustilnik, A. C, 2005). Mental Illness in the Prison System has by default become one of the worst perpetuating webs of problems that have spawned out of a single decision in the history of the United States (Reports F. S., 2001). This problem of how to care for, house, treat, and prepare for release this nation mentally ill from the justice system has to be as important as immigration reform or healthcare (Perez A., Leifman S., & Estada A., 2003). Mentally ill inmates uncared for typically end up back in prison in less than six months of their release (Metraux
I have always been a fan of Brattleboro, Vermont, since it is the first town you cross once you drive into Vermont on Route 91. I knew such a quant town would have some history so I dove right into researching Brattleboro online. What I found was far from quant.
For the Application of the Criminal Justice System project of the Criminal Justice course, I chose the arrest of John Burke. This case is about the arrest and sentencing of John Burke who had shot and killed Joseph Ronan. Twenty-five year old John Burke agreed to meet with 22 year old Joseph Ronan at Ronans home, in Reading, Massachusetts on Monday, August 15, 2011 around 1pm, with the intent of purchasing Percocet pills. (Boston.com, 2013) However, shortly after entering Ronans home, Burke opened fire (News, 2011), and after shooting Joseph Ronan several times, with the belief that Ronan was involved in a robbery at Burkes apartment in April 2011 (Boston.com, 2013), fled the home.
Another issue that the American prison systems were facing was their constant practice of locking away mentally ill individuals to very long prison sentences that only seriously worsened their conditions, and even made their chances of overcoming mental illness, nearly impossible. Even medications that were prescribed to these individuals made them suffer serious and sometimes even worse, side effects. Although some states banned the high rates of mentally ill individuals to prisons, this only meant they were more targeted and thrown in jail for petty offenses by police. Many prisons do not have the resources, nor the skills needed to adequately and appropriately care for the mentally ill, therefore many of them suffer and even die from this
Reporting from Darrell Steinberg—California State Senate pro Tem—David Mills—Stanford Law School Professor—and Michael Romano—Stanford Law School Three Strikes Project Director—proposing When did prisons become acceptable mental healthcare facilities? Hence, within the title, this report was established to address the occurrence and reality of the prison system becoming mental healthcare facilities for the mentally ill. Providing set information, set specifically, within the California prison system, and visual graphic graphs of examining the numeric values related to the mental illness occurring in the California prison system. Subsequently, according to the National Sheriff’s Association and Treatment Advocacy Center, the mentally ill is ten times supplementary in prison and in jail in America than
Prison reform has been an ongoing topic in the history of America, and has gone through many changes in America's past. Mixed feelings have been persevered on the status of implementing these prison reform programs, with little getting done, and whether it is the right thing to do to help those who have committed a crime. Many criminal justice experts have viewed imprisonment as a way to improve oneself and maintain that people in prison come out changed for the better (encyclopedia.com, 2007). In the colonial days, American prisons were utilized to brutally punish individuals, creating a gruesome experience for the prisoners in an attempt to make them rectify their behavior and fear a return to prison (encyclopedia.com, 2007). This practice may have worked 200 years ago, but as the world has grown more complex, time has proven that fear alone does not prevent recidivism.
By the late nineteenth century it became clear that the ideology of penal reform that had held together the framework of the penitentiary was dissolving. Progressive reformers realized the values and strategies that once were effective in battling the tumultuous effect of urbanization, industrialization, and mass immigration to be ineffective. The theories proposed by psychologist Sigmund Freud and naturalist Charles Darwin launched a new conversation in the reform community. Reformers such as Brockway turned to this new “scientific knowledge” in order to combat the crumbling notions of reform, pushing progressive strategies to focus on the nature of the offender, rather then the offence (Blomberg & Lucken, 2010, pp.61-71).
Is prison effective as rehabilitation for wrong-doers in the US? Shawshank’s Redemption, an all-time best movie produced in 1994 starred and led by actors Tim Robbins and Morgan Freeman. A story about two imprisoned men’s experience with the corrupted prison institution through their way of self-redemption. There is a line, which was well read by Morgan Freeman, I am particularly fond of. Here I quote ‘These walls are funny.
Incarceration-many struggle personally, but all are affected, even if indirectly. The US prison system brings a sense of grief, lament, and even cynicism. Recidivism, “the tendency of a convicted criminal to reoffend” (Wikipedia), concentrates the pressing issues of incarceration. When felons are released back into society, their chances of recidivism are over fifty percent (Bureau of Justice Stats). jthreatens society and justice.
Parole is defined in our text as “the supervised early release of inmates from correctional confinement” (Schmalleger, p.388). There can be a lot of drawbacks and failures to this system. There currently is a huge overpopulation problem in our prisons here in the United States. “ A 2012 report by the Government Accounting Office (GAO) found from the fiscal year 2006 to 2011, the inmate population in Bureau of Prisons run facilities grew 9.5%, while capacity grew less than 7%. As a result, BOP’s overall crowding increased during this period from 36% to 39%” (Schmalleger, p.434).
“People with mental health problems are almost never dangerous. In fact, they are more likely to be the victims than the perpetrators. At the same time, mental illness has been the common denominator in one act of mass violence after another.” In his statement, Roy Blunt gives a new perspective on how crimes are related to mental illnesses. As he mentions, not all people with mental illnesses are dangerous, however, it seems that the blame for violent crimes is almost always put on a mental illness.
Private Prisons and Mass Incarceration–The Problem of the United States In America, the private prison industry was made for necessary profit based off of the management of prisons by large, private companies. In David Shapiro’s insightful report “Banking on Bondage”, he discusses the logistics of the United States prison system, saying “In America, our criminal justice system should keep us safe, operate fairly, and be cost-effective”. Today, the United States imprisons more people than any other nation in the world, including Russia, China, and Iran.