Rather than neglecting the mentally ill or locking them away in prisons and jails, the United States government should invest more money into programs that provide the mentally
What are your thoughts about the prison system? Today 's prisons are so bad that prisons in the United States hold 5 percent of the US population. Many people get sent to jail cause of the 3 law strike because a lot of minorities are caught with drugs. Plus the government is wasting 75 billion dollars on these facilities instead of using the money in a better way like making programs for the prisoners that need help with mental health or other stuff.
Many states still kept their minimum sentence laws. Opponents of minimum sentence laws argue that they lead to more people in prison, waste taxpayer money, and devastates families. Along with these reasons, the laws also continue to affect minorities negatively and they fail to reduce the drug trade. People that support the minimum sentence laws argue that they help keep criminals off the street longer, cause crime rates to decline, and deters people from committing certain crimes. (Issues &
In the 1980’s there was a drug epidemic of cocaine distribution and that is when the rate of drug crimes increased in the prison system. Literature Review When a person is sent to prison they are unaware of what the outcome of their life will be. The impact of a prisoner can solely depend on how well the prison is kept up to standards. As soon as an individual is sentenced they are taken out of the work force, “incarceration thus pushes the incarcerated out of the labor market, reduces the number of weeks worked per year, and confines former inmates to low –paying and low-status jobs” (Wakefield 395), putting the prisoners in the prison work force.
Over 2 million people are currently being held in United States prisons, and while the U.S. may only hold 5% of the world’s population, it houses 25% of its prisoners. In the past few years, America’s prison system has fallen under public scrutiny for it’s rising incarceration rate and poor statistics. Many Americans have recently taken notice of the country’s disproportionate prisoner ratio, realized it’s the worst on the planet, and called for the immediate reformation of the failing system. The war on drugs and racial profiling are some of the largest concerns, and many people, some ordinary citizens and others important government figures, are attempting to bring change to one of the country 's lowest aspects.
Eleven percent of all black males between the ages of 20 and 34 are in prison or jail. The dramatic rise in the prison and jail population over the last three decades to 2.3 million people at the end of 2007 has only amplified the racial accusations against the criminal-justice system. “Either this country targets Latinos and black people for mass incarceration, or Latinos and black people are pathological criminals compared to this country 's heavenly white folk” (Rios). A white man could do the same crime as a black or Hispanic man but the person of color will get a bigger sentence. “While Latinos and black people make up about 30 percent of the U.S. population, they account for 59 percent of the U.S. male prison population.
The Never Ending Prison Cycle Prison is a place where individuals who have made mistakes, are sentences to in order to serve their time and later fade back into society, but is this a reasonable thought? Do prisons honestly allow released inmates to return to turn their lives around or do they set their inmates up to fail and to get trapped in the prison cycle? As of January 28, 2017 the Federal Bureau of Prisons reported that 177,056 individuals were in prison and eight out of every ten inmates who were sentenced to more than a year in prison will return within three years of their release, but why? In today’s society the American people are encouraged to embrace their “second chance” and live the American Dream that is desired all around
When in actuality the purpose is to rehabilitate and lower the percentage of inmates committing a crime upon release. To teach skills in order to less likely land back into prison which would further the issue of overcrowding. Some Americans believe overcrowding prisons is fair because criminals are not entitled while inmates live better than a lot of lower income members of society due to their access to healthcare. Many claim that criminals should not be comfortable that taxpayers are paying for them to be sheltered, fed, and clothed. That the $30,000 average per inmate to keep them incarcerated by funds from taxpayers is more than enough.
There are also cost to the communities, people with untreated MH issues end up in hospitals, shelters or jail. “In 2011, there were about 240,000 seriously mentally ill people in prisons and 125,000 in jails, an additional 770,000 seriously mentally ill are on probation or parole. There are now more than ten times more seriously mentally ill persons in jails and prisons than in state hospitals” (mentalillnesspolicy.org).
Indeed, minorities represent a far greater population of prisoners than majorities. Currently, people of color make up 60% of the United States prison system, though they represent only 12% of the total population (Hagler). The mass incarceration of minorities is a crisis sweeping the nation, tearing multitudes of minorities from their homes and jobs. “More than two million African Americans are currently under the control of the criminal-justice system—in prison or jail, on probation or parole. During the past few decades, millions more have cycled in and out of the system; indeed, nearly 70 percent of people released from prison are rearrested within three years” ( Alexander).
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is known by a failure to recover after experiencing or witnessing a horrifying event. There are triggers that affect people, causing them to re-live the memories of the trauma resulting in intense emotional and physical reactions. Distancing oneself from society is a common occurrence by those affected, as “Loneliness is typically defined as having a subjective sense of being emotionally or socially isolated or disconnected” (Psychology Today). People diagnosed with PTSD often feel they can no longer be apart of society. This feeling of isolation creates an obstacle of getting back involved in society and resuming personal life.
Because traumatic brain injury can become a painful and lonely place, a lot of people misunderstand it. Also, no one talks about the problem much, which leads to a lack of awareness. In many cases, the TBI patient feels like no one understands or believes what they are experiencing. For a lot of cases, depression and anxiety come as a pair, and they are common for people who have a TBI or chronic pain.
Today there are more mentally ill people in prisons and jails in the United States than any hospital or psych facility in this country. Cook County Jail in Chicago, Illinois is the largest mental health institution in the country. When a mentally ill person gets arrested for a violent crime they stay three to four times longer than a regular violent offender. “One third of those incarnated in cook county jail suffers from psychological disorders.” According to a 2006 Justice Department study, more than half of prisoners in the United States Suffer from some sort of mental health problem.
When someone commits a crime, a news reporter sometimes ends the story by saying that the person was suffering from some type of mental illness. This causes the public to believe that everyone with mental illness must either be committing crimes or are more likely to do so. Those who are mentally ill are sometimes left to find treatment in their own
The way African Americans are treated inside of jail and outside is actually disturbing. The United States is home to 5% of the world’s population, but 25% of the world’s prisoners. To think about how big this number is disturbing and numbers keep increasing. The United States prison population in 1970 was just above 327,000, and now the current prison population is just over 2 million. On the one hand I feel American Americans deserve some of the punishment that they get, but on the other I wonder why they are treated the way they are.