Woolf used her mental illness and the challenges she faced, and portrayed it in her novel Mrs. Dalloway. This novel Mrs. Dalloway is a reflection of Woolf’s personal struggles. The story raised issues of feminism, mental illness and homosexuality in post-World War I in England. It states the confusion of the people and how they slowly adjust to reality of the English culture after the war. She gives life and a voice to her inner world by imagining the bipolar disorders and illnesses of her characters.
My focus will be the application of the concept of trauma theory that is the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder on the female protagonist of the play “Lyubov Andreyevna Ranevskaya”. The Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder which is experienced by people who have witnessed a traumatic event. This, as a result, hinders their ability to think rationally and make them hallucinate. The aim of this research paper is to show how the negligence of not being able to recognize the symptoms of a medical disorder and how not taking proper medical care for it, leads one to lose their utopia. Literature review: The contemporary trauma theory derived by pioneer critics such as Caruth and Felman has a central claim that a traumatic incident creates a “speechless fright that divides or destroys identity”.
This was so typical of marriages of that time, women were just not treated equally. Paula Anca Farca agrees wholeheartedly that there are touches of feminism and how often in Kate Chopin’s work you can find these themes, “I argue that due to reversals of power, Chopin’s oppressed female protagonists challenge patriarchal structures. (Paula Farca)” Chopin is clearly addressing her feministic outlook in the story “Desiree’s Baby” making sure that the text embellishes the fact the protagonist is scared of her
In the short story “The Possibility of Evil” written by Shirley Jackson the main protagonist, Miss Adela Strangeworth demonstrates multiple traits of her complex personality through her actions, thoughts and the way she communicates. A couple of these traits that are significant to her character are insensitivity and masquerading. Imagine an insanely insensitive person who does not care how others feel. Miss Stangeworth’s unpleasant letters advocate her observations rather than facts or feelings. In a letter she writes anonymously to the Crane family saying “DIDN’T YOU EVER SEE AN IDIOT CHILD BEFORE?
This character is derived from Margaret Atwood’s dystopian novel The Handmaid’s Tale. Atwood’s novel reveals that hunger for control can lead to the oppression of women, this is demonstrated through the Commander’s characterization, the Aunts attitudes, and some of the Gileadean rules/laws. Having the world at the tip of their fingers, and having men still feeling as if that is not enough, is the reason for the oppression of women in this novel, this is shown through the Commander’s characterization. In this scene, the Commander is explaining to the protagonist, Offred, that men felt as if everything were too easy to take hold of. Creating this new society was more for the pleasure of men than women.
The feminist theory in literature is criticism in the feminist view. It uses feminist ideas to critique literature regardless if the literature itself is based off of expectations that favor men and their perspective, if it portrays women in a bad way due to a systematic sexism, or if the literature crafts female characters as independent women to counteract the way they are usually written in a patriarchal society. In The Driver’s Seat by Muriel Spark, she creates a story that portrays the main character, Lise as an independent woman, who orchestrates her own death. Although the death of a strong female can acts as a criteria of patriarchal influenced novels, Spark counteracts this by making Lise a character who is outspoken and strong minded,
Women’s Body The Figuration of the female body is well described in both Woman at Point Zero by Nawal El-Saadawi and Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale. Both novels show that the women bodies are not their own and controlled by others which it turned into an object in order to survive. In this paper, I would like to argue how the objectification of the female bodies in both novels resulted in their oppression and sufferings. Moreover, what is the definition of the figuration of a body to both Offred and Firdaus? And is there a way out to survive this tragedy in both novels?
Through the novel, we can see how Gilead negatively affects the psychology and mentality of the handmaids that makes them to give up to the system and brain washes them. One example is Janine. She is rejecting her victimization and ignorant of her own victimization, Janine looks revolting, pathetic, and distressed. For example, Offered describes Janine as pitiful since she tries to fulfill Gilead’s roles. She describes her how she throws herself into the testifying and feels arrogance in describing her rape story and abortion; subsequently, feels guilty when she had done nothing wrong.
Furthermore, the practical idea of the medical institution was to keep her away from becoming more ill, but in the end, it was rather destroying her more as she faced the truth of the inner reality of her life. Finally, the short story concludes with the narrator still trapped inside the secluded room. The setting emphasizes the narrator’s life by showing internal graduation of frustration that was going through her mind. As a result, Charlotte Gilman provided evidential clues from the text to distinguish and make clear of the setting. “The Yellow Wallpaper” verifies the understanding of the setting and cultivates the perspective of the characters.
Traditionally, women were described in a sense that is dominated by men in literary works. However, Charlotte Perkins Gilman connected the social phenomenon in that time with her personal experience to create a fictional narrative about feminist “The Yellow Wall-paper” which is about an unnamed woman who has postpartum depression and is sent to a house by her husband in order to cue her mental illness, and finally gets mad because of her self-centred and dominating husband. The narrator, a nameless woman in order to symbolize any wife, mother, or woman, is oppressed and clearly represents the significant influence from the oppression of women. Gilman uses symbolism to portray the narrator’s self-expression and the oppression she suffers in the society in the nineteenth century. In most cases, house is a symbol of security ordinarily, a cozy place where women are in a position to express their ideas and thoughts.
No one enjoys being called out for a wrongdoing or urged to confess a mistake. However, that is exactly what Audre Lorde does in her paper “Age, Race, Class and Sex: Women Redefining Difference.” She discusses the role of the oppressors and the oppressed while both reprimanding and sympathizing with her readers. At a first glance, Lorde’s paper may seem like it attempts to tackle too much, from race and gender to socioeconomic class and sexuality, all at the cost of potentially ostracizes those in positions of power. Because of that, Lorde must work to not divide her readers between the privileged and those less fortunate while also answering the question of whether or not society can combat prejudice programming without falling into the paralyzing
According to both Gloria Anzaldúa and Audre Lorde, marginal bodies become silenced and invisible by hiding difference and the “whitewashing” of history. Through their writings, both authors recognize different ways for a marginalized body to be seen by those who would try to make them invisible. From their standpoint, there are problems with identity that requires exclusions, and as feminists, they are speaking against feminists. The identity that is being discussed is being proposed from women that “don’t fit”, by those who are going against the “norms”. Therefore, identity is being both embraced and rejected at the same time by these authors.