Merchant Of Venice Trial Scene Analysis

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In Act 4 Scene 1 of Shakespeare’s ‘The Merchant of Venice’ the emphasis on the conflicts between justice and mercy help build tension throughout the scene. As the penultimate scene of the play, it was an expression of all Shakespeare’s ideas to the audience. The Dukes derogatory language towards Shylock and pitiful concern for Antonio’s well-being has revealed an unreasonable form of justice which portrays dramatic irony on the Christian’s belief in equal and unprejudiced laws. The hidden intelligence of Portia and Nerissa demonstrates to the Elizabethan audience that women shouldn’t be categorized as inferior to men. The Venetian’s hateful attitude against Jews is further amplified in this scene as they continue to further alienate Shylock and call him insulting names. The Duke’s sympathy towards Antonio, reflects the biased and partial ‘Justice’ of the trial scene. He describes Shylock as “an inhuman wretch,” which is interpreted as an unlawful assumption, considering the court is obliged to be equal and unbiased…show more content…
As a representation of trust and love, Bassanio’s compliance in trading the ‘trifle ring’ to disguised Portia creates a strong sense of dramatic irony. Portia gave Bassanio the ring along with her vows and her inheritance, this is evidence of Bassanio marrying Portia as a financial union. “Which when you part from, lose or give away, Let it presage the ruin of your love” portrays the significance of the ring towards Portia. “Ruin your love” gives a sense of dramatic irony, because the audience is aware that Bassanio only wooed her for her wealth and not for the love she describes. When the law was in Antonio’s favour, he sympathises for Shylock by lowering the consequences and allowing him to live, portraying Shylock as villainous compared to the Christians. Portia calls Antonio “Soft,” which emasculates him and shows her real hatred for
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