Beginning with the first category, Becker talks about the effects of crime on society. He says, “Usually a belief that other members of society are harmed is the motivation behind outlawing or otherwise restricting an activity.” Becker explains crime as an activity that creates diseconomies and is measured by the numbers of offenses. Similarly, as the crime level increases the amount of harm to society will increase. In this category, Becker also discusses why crimes are committed. To commit a crime an individual must perceive greater benefits than costs.
Together with other renowned opponents of capitalism, Williams (2005) asserts that there is great danger in relying, exclusively, on self-regulating markets. In his view, relying exclusively on market system for organization of life is an ideological, mythical construct that could prove difficult to realize since it would undermine human existence foundations. As he explained it, “deprived of the cultural institutions’ protective coverage citizens of a nation would perish from the consequences of social exposure”. The expansion of capitalist markets in this regard has extensively resulted in commodification of crime. As a result, different studies have been conducted to investigate the significance of social institutions in explaining crime rate variation across diverse institutional
Cullen, Agnew, and Wilcox (2014) state that when society fails to provide legitimate and legal means for individuals to obtain the goal of monetary success, individuals then turn to other means to achieve such goals. When individuals come across these stressors and strains, they turn to crime to reduce such stressors and strains. Baron (2011) conducted a study that examined the relationship between monetary goals and the amount of commitment to legal/legitimate factors that impact crime. Unreachable opportunities, monetary unhappiness, society support, risks taken, and other factors were considered in this study when examining the relationship between monetary goals and the actual commitment that impact crime. This study took place in Toronto, Canada and three hundred homeless youths living in the streets were interviewed.
According to Krieger and Meierrieks (2010), economic deprivation includes but is not limited to poverty, inequality, and unemployment. Poor structural economic conditions create frustration which makes violence more likely in an area (Gurr, 1970). People who live in impoverished areas are more likely to become violent towards areas that have a more stable economic structure. This is confirmed in a study conducted by Ted Gurr (1970) who determined that modern wealthy states are less violent than poor developing countries. Areas where people are not economically stable and are frustrated are breeding grounds for terrorism.
Merton thought that most of the strain and frustration felt by people who could not achieve material wealth was due not necessarily so much to the failure to achieve conventional goals ( i.e., wealth) but rather to the differential emphasis placed on material and economic goals and the de-emphasis on the importance of conventional means (Tibbetts and Hemmons, 2010). In an ideal society, according to Merton, there would be an equal emphasis on goals and means. America, he argued, placed greater emphasis on goals over means. This he referred to as anomie. Anomie was a term that came from Durkheim.
This problem is also creating some other problems in American such as increase crime rate is also because of poverty. There is millions of American who cannot afford to get basic necessities of life. Another important point is that because of ignorance of government for this issue, the poverty rate will continue to increase. So based on these facts; I have selected the issue of poverty to solve. Below are the steps that I will take to solve the problem of poverty: I will promote the policies which will be helpful to create more jobs.
Experts attempt to understand the cost to society regarding white-collar crimes. White-collar crimes affect society in many of ways. The crime is not as violent as other crime. However, it has a critical financial impact. Law enforcement listed white-collar crime as closed case because “the complexity of white collar crime and the difficulty of making and proving a case.” (Kennedy, 2015) This may take more than a few months or years to identify the crime and do justice.
A progressive tax is a tax that is based on income which is why it is considered more favorable for the poor. An example of a progressive tax is, of course, a personal state income tax. Therefore states that choose not to make use of an income tax cause an unreasonably large hardship on poorer individuals and families. One could also argue that because of this strain there is a greater need for state welfare because of the high unemployment and poverty rates, which could possibly be slightly lessened. Although a higher than average burden being placed on the poor is an important issue, I believe that the most important issue that needs to be addressed is the underfunding of public schools, especially in Texas.
Criminals who do not have an equal opportunity are strained and will more likely to be involved in crime states the strain theory. This is on the premise that the primary goal of citizens is material wealth. Which contradicts the criminals who usually commit digital crimes, who
Unemployment will drive someone to commit crimes as they are unable to afford their daily expenses. People who are unemployed tend to perform more on property crimes such as burglary than violence crime. The higher crime rate will cause local and foreign investors alike to think twice on investing their capital in the country and thus create recession in the national economy. The diagram below shows that the relationship between unemployment and crime rate in Malaysia. Furthermore, unemployment may affect one’s mental health indirectly.
How does addressing global poverty improve national security? There has been studies that have linked poverty with a rise of terrorism, as some of the poorest countries are in areas where the level of terrorism is very high. By the United States addressing poverty on the international sector, it will allow poor countries to economically thrive. In effect, these countries will gain the foundation and resources they need to investigate, crack down, and enforce illegal activity. Ultimately, decreasing the national security risk on the international