Mesopotamia Compare And Contrast Essay

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Around 3500 to 3100 BCE, the rise of civilizations occurred in two different regions; one in Mesopotamia, another in Egypt. Mesopotamia was a vast open region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt was an isolated region along the Nile that runs from South to North. Blessed by the surrounding rivers, these two remarkable ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt developed socially, politically and culturally with unique features. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in having a social class system to distinguish between different classes, as well as people’s value towards religion, and finally having the ability to pass information effectively. However, the government of Egypt had much stronger power to unify all the civilians…show more content…
Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian religion was polytheistic (belief in many gods), and the religion was an important part of their life. Gods in Mesopotamia and Egypt were identified with forces of nature. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilians believed in afterlife and buried tools with a dead body. Both civilizations created a new system of numbers; based on sixty in Mesopotamia and ten in Egypt. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt developed their own writing system to keep records and to share the knowledge (Cuneiform and Hieroglyphics). Both civilizations also made a remarkable architectural buildings for religious purposes. In Mesopotamia, ziggurats were created to serve a Sumerian god. In Egypt, pyramids were made for the pharaoh’s tomb. The reason why both Mesopotamia and Egypt practiced a similar religion is because of the geographic features. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt were surrounded by rivers that were vital for the agriculture. People in Mesopotamia and Egypt practiced the religion and prayed to gods for the rivers to flow and for the safety of the city. The reason why both Mesopotamia and Egypt made remarkable inventions is for the society to keep records and pass the knowledge from generation to
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