The Sumerians also had a religion and worshiped many gods such as AN, KI, UTU and NINHURSUG. They built many city states and had a great impact on the civilizations that came after them. I feel that the Finger ring is important because it shows historians how advanced the Sumerians were for their time. The fact that they knew how to molt gold to make the ring in a circular shape amazes me. I thought gold was discovered and jewelry was made in Europe thousands of years later than the Sumerians.
The civilizations that flourished in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Palestine were located in river valleys or along the Mediterranean coast. These civilizations developed highly complex cultures that shared many common characteristics. Egyptians were a very advanced civilization due to their inventions and technology. The Old Kingdom, which first began in 2650 B.C as stated in the timeline of Document 1, was defined by its many great pyramids and monuments. From there on in the ancient Egyptian timeline, Egyptians surpassed other civilizations through their many remarkable advancements and achievements.
Snefru was an amazing tactician against the successful attack on Libya he captured over 11,100 Libyans. Snefru didn’t always accomplished his projects one of his failed projects was The Meidum or Maidum pyramid which was the first pyramid that he had made with mud bricks mastabas. Due to Pharaoh Snefru’s revolutionary tactics changed the
King Hammurabi ruled Babylon, located along the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, from 1792–1750 BCE. During his time as king he oversaw a great expansion of his kingdom from a city-state to an empire. However, today he is most famous for a series of judgments inscribed on a large stone stele and dubbed Hammurabi 's Code. Scholars are still debating its precise significance as a set of laws, but the Code 's importance as a reflection of Babylonian society is indisputable. In this lesson, students learn about life in Babylonia through the lens of Hammurabi 's Code.
Egypt is home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is known by all to be the home of colossal, majestic monuments. But, as we pose with our “peace signs” in front of this ancient stone, we fail to realize their intended purpose. Today, the most famous remaining vestiges of this concept reside in the state temples found in modern day Thebes at the archaeological sites of Luxor and Karnak. These are the two best-preserved and largest state temples in Egypt. They are fairly recent in relation to ancient Egypt’s long history, in that they were built and used during the New Kingdom.
Egypt began around 2575 BC and ended in 1075 BC. Most scholars divided ancient Egypt into three main periods, Old Kingdom (2575 BC - 2130 BC), Middle Kingdom (1938 BC- 1630 BC), and the New Kingdom ( 1539 BC- 1075 BC). Egypt was one of the oldest civilizations. Egypt had many contributions such as medicine, science, and math. Society, today, would be very different without the achievements of Egyptians.
Another similar factor is trade. Trade was very important to both cultures. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia traded very well with neighborly civilizations such as Nubia for Egypt and Hittites for Mesopotamia. They did not only trade goods but their arts and what they have created. Mesopotamia created wheels, writing system, base number system, and The Epic of Gilgamesh.
Egyptians thought the Pharoahs had the powers to do anything they wanted. Like flooding the sea or causing the sun to rise. A big part of the Egyptian cultures, was the belief in the afterlife. To achieve the afterlife the pharaohs would have to be buried in a pyramid. This time period was called the Old Kingdom (2660-2180 B.C).
Cuneiform was the first written developed by the Sumerians over 5000 years ago (Doc. 1). That is one of the most important inventions in the world. That paved the way for writing in the future. The used cuneiform to keep records , document, business dealings , barley and to pass down new ideas
The Hammurabi code was created by the Babylonian ruler, Hammurabi. The code was significantly important to history because it was the first set of written laws. It was a set of 282 laws engraved on a stone pillar for the people to follow. These laws dealt with major and minor offenses as well as their punishments. The purpose was to promote order and enforce stability.
In Ancient Egypt there were not very many things that furnished the Egyptians with an assortment of various assets. One of them was its pyramids. They served as security for pharaohs, a demonstration of confidence, and they likewise demonstrated the pharaohs the amount of appreciation the general population had for them. Egyptians put numerous years of exertion and diligent work to develop the pyramids and they mattered such a great amount to Ancient Egyptian culture. The pyramids of Ancient Egypt were inherent the Old Kingdom, otherwise called, "Age of the Pyramids."
The Ancient Greeks have influenced our world so much, our government, our beliefs, and so much more! Without them, we wouldn’t be where we are today. The Greeks made myths to explain the unknown, creating the myths we know today. Greece’s two of most well known city-states, Athens and Sparta, were so well known, yet so different. Greeks had many governments
Early farming civilizations, such as the Sumerians, invented scribes who documented the early reign of kings, wars, natural disasters, and other dramatic events within their societies by using this early form of writing, known as Cuneiform. Archeologists discovered clay and stone tablets where the events of these civilizations had been etched into these plates with sharpened reeds which was an early writing tool known as a stylus. Furthermore, as time went on, the invention of writing only progressed in quality and became more like our modern way of communication. For example, the Egyptians were able to develop a much more efficient and well made way of writing known as hieroglyphics, which was far more advanced than cuneiform. Hieroglyphics used a set of symbols to depict the meaning of each word, but each symbol also stood for a sound, for example, the owl stood for the sound “m”.
They had built pyramid shaped mounds of dirt topped with altars, or temples which were built in the center of the settlement that they had built. The center also had places were weapons, jewelry, pottery, and other craft objects were made, it also had shopping plazas and a court for ball games. Fields were people grew their food were located outside the city state area. (Benson 156). The discoveries and predictions that the Mayans made were very important, but the most Fascinating thing about the Mayans is not their pyramids or temples it’s their religion.
While the Ishtar gate had many religious beliefs it also shows off the accomplishments that the society had and was able to reach. For example, Nebuchadnezzar had issued this wall to be built because he believed that Babylon had the potential to become one of the most beautiful and powerful cities to ever exist. They we 're not able to become as powerful as they wanted and their society was shadowed by the great Egyptian culture. However, the Babylon Civilization was very beautiful and is still seen as important. For Babylon this wall was an accomplishment and showed that they had many intellectual ideas along with the ability to express themselves, which earlier societies we 're not able to do as they were too busy focusing on staying alive with what they had in life.