This is seen in his buildings of canals, code of laws, food distribution, and building projects. He had also somehow unified the city-states of Mesopotamia into an empire, and then ruling over it, and established Babylon as one of the most renowned cities of the ancient world. The Stele of Hammurabi is one of the many great things that he had accomplished in his
Sarkhan Nabiyev Thought Paper One 1/25/16 Word Count: 793 words Question: What is the character and functions of deity in Genesis 1-2 and Enuma Elish? That is, what is God/are the gods like? Unraveling and chaotic atmosphere with destructive waters, as described in the beginning of the story, Enuma Elish describes the world and the seasons that come with it. Enuma Elish focuses on the beginnings of gods and how they all were created with a specific job. The reason why this story was so impactful is because it was written on seven stone tablets by the famous Babylonians created in the late 12th century B.C.
Around 3500 to 3100 BCE, the rise of civilizations occurred in two different regions; one in Mesopotamia, another in Egypt. Mesopotamia was a vast open region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt was an isolated region along the Nile that runs from South to North. Blessed by the surrounding rivers, these two remarkable ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt developed socially, politically and culturally with unique features. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in having a social class system to distinguish between different classes, as well as people’s value towards religion, and finally having the ability to pass information effectively.
Throughout the entire history of the earth, mankind has advanced from nomadic hunters and gatherers into the civilized people they are today. One region that played a profound impact on this development is Mesopotamia, the birthplace of civilization. Gilgamesh: A Verse Narrative, a literary work from the time period, reveals many things about the society that created it. The narrative recounts the tale of the first great hero of ancient Mesopotamia and through his encounters, the culture, religion and the Sumerians way of life is demonstrated. For instance, the relationship between humans and gods that resound throughout the narrative, gender divisions, civilization versus nature and lastly, how the Sumerians lived.
Mesopotamia, meaning “between rivers,” is one of the most important stretches of land that housed the most grand and the most pathetic civilizations in the history of the world. Mesopotamian civilizations have kept some of their characteristics from 8000 B.C.E to 600 B.C.E while dramatic changes were put into effect in order to sustain a better civilization. The civilizations created the first written code of laws, created organized government structures, and developed agriculture, while trade continued to occur and rulers claimed for divine support. The Babylonian empire, perhaps one of the most well-known empires of Mesopotamia, was among the first to codify a set of laws. Laws were never written before the Code of Hammurabi and were easy to forget, but since these set of laws were written, they were always there when needed.
In this time this where the Nile river was built, where structured religious started when pharaohs were considered Gods, the adaption of writing hieroglyphs, the prediction of annual rise and fall of Nile floods enabled state agriculture system,and when desert offered protection from warring tribes. All of these major events happening during this period and lead to some accomplishments. From 1500 Through 550 B.C where was the Hittites, Assyrians, and the Persians were established. The Hittites discovered smelting, iron made stronger and more durable tools and weapons, and how the use of horse traveling started. The Assyrians formed militarism, had an empire reach from Persian gulf to the Nile river, and this lead to the first universal empired formed.
He ruled from 1792 B.C. to 1750 B.C. The Hammurabi Code had a total of 282 laws. There were many harsh punishments whenever you committed a crime during his reign, such as getting your hands, limbs, eye, and breast removed. Hammurabi was born in Babylon which is now modern day Iraq, his father was a king with a lot of power before him.
Both countries’ development has been affected by bodies of water, or lack of, and deserts across the Middle-East. Egypt is bordered by Libya on the West, Sudan south, and Israel and Jordan on the North and East. Egypt’s area spans across 386,662 square miles, which is divided into two main types of land, black land, which is built up silt, on the Nile River. The black land of silt was created by centuries of annual flooding. This black land is ideal for farming, which was one of the driving forces that made Egypt a dominant civilization in ancient times.
It was the predominant religion of the world for nearly 1,000 years, and was the official religion of Persia from 600 BC to 650 AD. It is believed that Zoroaster envisioned a god who he called Ahura Mazda. He was born into a time of polytheism dominance. Although Zoroastrianism is a monotheistic religion, it also has dualistic qualities. Dualistic religions are religions that believe in two confronting figures that are the cause of existence.
Persia was founded by Cyrus the Great. Cyrus the Great was born some time in between 580 to 590 B.C.E., but information about him did not emerge until 550 B.C.E. (Stockdale) Cyrus originally took over Medes, but several years later, he conquered and joined together Lydia, Cilicia, Croesus and Media to create the Achaemenid period of Persia. One of Cyrus’ greatest gestures that he performed was when he took over Babylon. Babylon at the time was ruled by a cruel king, and after Cyrus took over, he set free about 40,000 Hebrew slaves.